Andrew Johnson became the President of the United States after the assassination of President Lincoln. Johnson stepped into office after the Civil War, which was a fragile time for the country. As president after the war, it was Johnson’s duty to assist in unifying the southern slave states and the northern rebellious population, as one country. This was a difficult task to complete, especially after the assassination of a former president who really helped in the Civil War and with slavery. Johnson tried to quickly restore the states in the Union, however his actions lead to a presidential impeachment.
This paper critically examines the Emancipation Proclamation and contemplates its effect through the cases of Plessey v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education and questions whether President Lincoln’s motive of issuing the Emancipation Proclamation was a pure moral objection to slavery. Although the Proclamation is and forever will be a progressive and positive development in American history given the abolition of slavery; I believe that the intention of issuing it was to do more with the defeating the rising Southern military rather than ending slavery due to moral reasons as hugely believed. After the Southern states ultimately withdrew from the Union, he made it clear that the United States Army was fighting to put the Union back together. President Lincoln restated this motivation in the Proclamation itself, describing it as "a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing the rebellion (of the Southern states)." The goal was to force the South to return to the Union, as they were being stripped of their labor force without which survival would become difficult for the Southerners.
The Confederate states also issued their own Constitution, which was basically based on the United States Constitution, except the Southern Constitution defended slavery. The election separated the nation in half and also urged 7 states including South Carolina seceded from United States. From then on, the pro-slavery and anti-slavery were officially against each other, which soon gave rise to the Civil War. In conclusion, the issue of slavery precipitated the Civil War. Uncle Tom’s Cabin gave a strong social effect on opposing slavery, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was the prelude of the Civil War, and the Election of 1860 splitted the nation into two sides, which directly led to the War.
Its failure was firmly secured in 1873 when the Supreme Court began to undermine the Constitutional Amendments and the Civil Rights Act in the Slaughter-House Cases. Military and political force was used in an attempt to give slaves equal rights to the white man. However, the actions of the South had stopped that from happening. Slaves were free but they were trapped in plantation labor. They could vote but many could not.
However, with the end of Reconstruction by the Compromise of 1877 which removed all federal troops in the south in exchange for Hayes withdrawal from the presidential election, Southern states made new constitutions to disenfranchised the blacks. In response to this, W. E. B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington proposed their own plan to fight for equality. Although both plans have their advantages, Dubois’ plan offers a more effective method to the path of equality because it establishes Blacks into American Society and did not make them
Lincoln was against slavery and with the possibility of his end-goal being the abolishment of slavery seven states where already done leaving the union before Lincoln had taken his place in the Oval Office. The Confederate states of America had been formed and it was composed of the pro-slavery states in the south. However, even though people in the north believed that the
President Lincoln had ideas of his own, Lincoln 's plan for Reconstruction consisted of leniency and Lincoln giving amnesty to the South. He believed that punishing the South for causing the Civil War wasn 't morally right. Only under certain conditions were Southern states allowed to enter the Union, and once again become a nation. Ten percent of southern voters must swear loyalty to the Union, they could readmit. Once the voters sore, then called the state draft a new state
Thus Jackson had pitched himself the champion of the people, he had won the popular vote, but the people’s mandate had been usurped by an allegedly corrupt political elite. Furthermore, whilst president, in 1832 Andrew Jackson faced the renewal of a banking institution deemed to be counter to the interests of the people: the Second Bank of the United States. In the event that the Bank be reinstituted, the Bank would receive exclusive privileges in the legislature granted in favour of financial interests over public interests. Consequentially, this move was viewed by Jackson as counter to the people’s interests, and he executively opposed the bill by vetoing its approval. Thus, Jackson had to operate in a political arena contended by corrupt political elites, and influenced by financial interests at the expense of economic justice for the American
During his presidential reign, Abraham Lincoln experienced many difficulties along the way. While he was working to abolish slavery, the southern states, known as the Confederates, were rebelling and trying to secede from our nation. Impressively, Lincoln argued, "no state upon its own mere motion, can lawfully get out of the Union" (Paulsen 4). This quote from Lincoln 's inaugural address shows that he remained calm and handled their attempts in a professional manner. However, when I came to the lawfulness of the act of slavery, the Constitution had no rule against it.
Abraham Lincoln would lead the Republican Party even though he did not win the south over in the election. He promised that he would save the Union no matter what the cost. This disconnect in policy would later lay the basis for the Civil War, which started in 1861. He never envisioned a proclamation or ending slavery but he was ultimately committed to saving the Union from the succeeding south. Lincoln gave into the antislavery Republicans toward the end of the war and finally decided to make slavery the true basis of the war.
The Emancipation Proclamation was an important act, the Emancipation Proclamation was signed by President Abraham Lincoln, allowing the freedom of all in the rebelling territories of the confederacy and allowing Blacks to join in the Union Army. At the beginning of the Civil War, the freed black people was ready to fight with Union, yet they were prevented from doing so. Popular racial stereotypes and discrimination against Blacks in the military contributed to the prevailing myth that Black men did not have the intelligence and bravery necessary to serve their country. By 1862, there was limited amount of White Union enlistment and confederate victories at Antietam forced the U.S. government to reconsider its racist policy.
They even defended slavery by saying it was a “necessary evil” and that Christ himself gave sanction to slavery. They used their power in the Senate to prevent statehood from Maine which was trying to disjoint from Massachusetts. After years of debate, Henry Clay composed political agreements called the Missouri Compromise set to admit Maine (separating from Massachusetts) as a Free State in 1820 and Missouri as a Slave State in 1821. Also in the agreement accepted that slavery would be banned in future admissions to the Union above the Missouri Compromise line (N of latitude 36 30’) except Missouri. This compromise maintained a balance in the Senate between the North and South.
The codes (1) prohibited blacks from either renting land or borrowing cash to shop for land. (2) Prohibited blacks from testifying against whites in court. Johnsons also alienated and tried to stand against the Republicans in early 1866 when he vetoed a bill increasing the service and protection offered by the Freedmen’s Bureau and a civil rights bill that invalidated the Black codes. (Doc 2). This cause many problems with the “Radical Republicans”,who was looking for civil rights for African-Americans people in
The Radical Republicans opposed Lincoln 's plan, as they thought it too lenient toward the South. Radical Republicans believed that Lincoln 's plan for Reconstruction was not harsh enough because, from their point of view, the South was guilty of starting the war and the South deserved to be punished for starting the war. Radical Republicans hoped to control the Reconstruction process, transform southern society, disband the planter aristocracy, redistribute land, develop industry, and guarantee civil liberties for former slaves. Although the Radical Republicans were the minority party in Congress, they managed to sway many moderates in the postwar years and came to dominate Congress in later sessions. In the summer of 1864, the Radical Republicans passed a new bill to counter the plan, known as the Wade–Davis Bill.
Although Lincoln was elected by the Republican Party, Lincoln wanted to maintain involvement in the union throughout his presidency. In spite of his opponent Stephen Douglas strong follow, he was negated support due to his betraying history and states separated. Leading up to the secession from the union, where the confederate states of America were established by slave state such as Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina and Mississippi. However, Lincoln’s incoming was refused by the people due to the legitimacy of secession. In March 4th, 1861, Lincoln was inaugurated, triggering the secession of the Battle of Fort Sumter in South Carolina.