Animal Farm Environmental Effects

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The vicious cycle of meat and dairy production

Livestock has been a part of human diet ever since the ancient times. But just since the end of the nineteenth century, the pollution caused by livestock has largely increased. Why did this happen, what is the cause of such a sudden and dramatic change? At the end of the nineteenth century livestock farming grows more rapidly because of the technological development and because of the growing demands. Consequently, with our technological development began the usage of chemicals, hormones pesticide, etc. as well; which polluted the water, land, air and caused health problems. The fast improvment of transportation system brought magnification in the distribution of animal product,
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Producing for local costumers would make a drastic change in reduction of pollution caused by transportation of goods. Scott Matthews and Christopher Weber wrote a journal “Food-miles and the relative climate impacts of food choices in the United States” in which they point out how scientific researches concentrate only on the pollution that livestock produces on farms, forgetting about the big impact on pollution of food transportation. Food transportation is the main factor of the green gas emission, associated with household pollution. The transportation of agricultural goods affects the air, especially air transport, but also all other ways of transports which emit exhaust gases. The ocean is affected too, by ship transport, especially when accidents happen. Further, the transportations waste enormous amounts of energy and fuel as well. To prevent this from happening we need to buy local, not only animal products, but also all other goods. By doing so, we would prevent serious pollution and we would benefit as well, because local food is fresher and most likely less
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