Causes Of Anti Semitism In The 19th Century

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Anti-Semitism in the second half of 19th century: origins of prejudice

Second half 19th century has become a revival of anti-Semitic prejudices in Europe that seemed to be regressive for a long time. Back then persecution of Jews had been going on for decades but to the same extent as any other racial, political or religious discrimination. However, within a short period of time, the ideas of modern era and Industrialization reinforced existing misconceptions. During my research I found out that besides some common ideas emerging in Europe in the second half of 19th century, every county had its own special character of anti-Semitism. However, all taken cases had a feeling of hostility towards the Jews based on Christian tradition as an economic and/or political threat not a racial one . Anti-Semitism did not derive from historical tradition but become post-enlightened phenomenon. I have analysed two articles that discussed the cases of Germany and France and then tried to explain to what extent they can explain why by the end of 19th century around 2.5 million Jews had escaped the Russian Empire . I have not found many sources on last-mentioned case and chose to make my own comparative analysis using empirical evidence. I have decided to take Germany and France because they experienced sweeping emancipation reforms, industrialization, had considerable Jews population and generally speaking, were ideological birthplace of modern anti-Semitism.
The key
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