Causes Of Apartheid In South Africa

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ii) Apartheid Racism
* Apartheid racism is one of the most serious racism throughout the world’s history. The deputy chair recommends all of the delegates to devise effective measures to actively eradicate the remaining social atmosphere of apartheid in South Africa.

1) Introduction to Apartheid Racism
Apartheid racism was a system of racial segregation in South Africa enforced through legislation by the National Party, the governing party from 1948 to 1994. Under apartheid, the rights, associations, and movements of the majority black inhabitants and other ethnic groups were curtailed, and white minority rule was maintained. Apartheid was developed after World War II by the Afrikaner-dominated National Party and Broderbund organizations. The ideology was also enforced in South West Africa, which was administered by South Africa under a League of Nations mandate, until it gained independence as Namibia in 1990. By extension, the term is currently used for forms of systematic segregation established by the state authority in a country against the social and civil rights of a certain group of citizens due to ethnic prejudices.

2) Birth of Apartheid
Racial segregation and white supremacy had become central aspects of South African policy long before apartheid began. The controversial 1913 Land Act, passed three years after South Africa gained its independence, marked the beginning of territorial segregation by forcing black Africans to live in reserves and making it
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