Communism in the Cold War "The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want, they spread and grow in the evil soil of the poverty and strife. They reach their full growth when the hope of a people for a better life has died. We must keep that hope alive." as said by Harry S. Truman on march 12, 1947 in The Truman Doctrine. While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817).
The Cold War a time of political tension between the United States and Russia. The Western and Eastern fronts have different ideologies and since, “The West tended to overate Soviet power and hostility, which created hysteria, NATO was set up as a defense gesture by the Western Powers based on the fear of Russian aggression. In the States, President Truman initiated a document to stop the spread of Communism” (Knudtzon, “Eastern Europe: 1945-1989). The Western front was afraid of the Soviet Union because they were Communists. The democratic countries did not want Communism to spread to their countries and threaten their democracy.
The Soviet Union leader, Josef Stalin, did not trust the western allies to begin with, after World War I. The Soviets now controlled half of Europe and Berlin under communist power. The United States and the United Kingdom did not want Europe under communist ideologies. Stalin felt threatened and closed routes to Berlin, but the blockade ended, and the Allies combined. The United States envisioned to avoid soviet expansion, but democratic idealism instead.
The new democratic ruler has promised to rebuild and provide technical and scientific growth that would change production that was promoted. The communism aim was to replace the world capitalist economy by a world system of communism .The communist society basis has been prepared by the whole cause of the historical development and to put an end in the class of division of society i.e. the communism aim to abolish all forms of exploitation and oppression of man by man. The other main aim of communism was to build a communist society. Communist society is whereby all production are own commonly and not by individuals.
While the idea of Communism is to create a economic state where the bourgeoisie is dissolved, the proletarians are treated as equals, and there is no more government, in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Cambodia Communism did not benefit the countries like the ideology behind Communism should have. In the USSR and Cambodia, the citizens were stripped of their human rights, forced to work on collective farms, and were killed for being “enemies” of the state. In the Soviet Union, Communism was favored by the proletarians because of the dentromental consequences of the Industrial Revolution. In the late 19th century, the ruler of Russia, Tsar Nicholas the second, believed that Russia was falling behind the other countries in terms for being a modern society and being able to usable materials that is not just producing farming goods. The Industrial
The state was back to stage two of becoming Communist, in a way. The government once again had very strong control over people’s personal life and choices. By using the ideals that Lenin previously spoke of, he claimed that he too would try to make USSR a Communist state. Having read that Marx referred to religion as an ‘’Opiate of the masses’’ he banned it entirely. And all who wanted to worship god where supposed to worship the one true leader – Stalin.
Introduction In the period during which India was occupied by Britain the poorer population suffered the brunt of colonial exploitation and taxation. During the colonial reign there were numerous incidents of peasants revolting against the government due to the harsh conditions that occurred due to the Land revenue system implemented by the British. Colonial land reform and agrarian policies were large burdens for the poorer population and many of the revolts that took place occurred in agricultural states Such as Bengal and Gujarat. Along with the rise of nationalism in India these revolts signified a changing landscape in which peasants has started to become an important part in state politics. Many earlier Peasant movements had not been political in nature ,
They prepared the law for their existence in the Malabar and the monopoly of the trade and the revenue collections. The law of disarmament was the one of the results of the Pazhassi rebellion in Malabar. It was not merely an unrest of the royal blood but also it was the popular struggle against the revenue policy of the Company. The government took rigid steps to collect revenue from the peasants and they were against the Company’s policy. The small peasants and laborers and other communities like Muslims joined in this anti-colonial
The pressure on Britain was both internal and external - after World War II, many countries, particularly the United States, whose philosophy was rooted in freedom and democracy, and the USSR, at the time both newly established superpowers, opposed colonialism. Moreover, British political landscape was evolving with events including World War II and the Cold War, and majority public outlook within Britain advocated India’s independence. As Bertrand Russell expressed, ‘people began to feel that if British rule could be preserved only by such methods (referring to violence), then it was not worth preserving.’ This unpopularity of British imperialism, along with the British’s failed attempt at establishing India as a federation of states with the Government of India Act of 1935, which was refused due to suspicion amongst nationalists that the proposal’s ultimate agenda was not eventual independence, rather mere reform, led the British to accept that the most rational decision was to grant India its independence. Overall, upon evaluating the factors that contributed to India’s independence, I firmly believe that although Gandhi was pivotal inspiring the change and accelerating the process, the abdication of British imperial control in India stemmed primarily
However, due to rising differences with Rajiv Gandhi, Vishwanath Pratap Singh was dismissed from the union cabinet. He later resigned from Congress and formed a political party, Jan Morcha, along with other Congress dissidents. On 11th October 1988, a new political party, Janata Dal was formed by the merger of Jan Morcha, Janata Party, Lok Dal and Congress(S). The Bofors scandal was the major corruption revelation of this period and it dented the image of Rajiv Gandhi who was till then perceived as an honest leader by the