Causes Of Communism In Kerala

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Communism in Kerala

India got its Independence in 1947, but Kerala like many other states suffered from a series of social evils, caste system being the root of all. This social evil is what led to the large inequality in economy between the people. The people desperately needed a truly secular power that addresses their issue. 1957, the first elected communist government in India came into power to the surprise of the world. In the first phase of communist government led by E.M.S. Namboodiripad, they focused on eradicating social malpractices by reforming the land and ensuring education is available to all. The EMS-Government marked the end of feudalistic society in Kerala.
When the Indian National Congress ruled India under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, India developed closer relations with Russia for strategic reasons. A separation between the Communist party of India (CPI) began to surface when a large section of the party believed India is still in a semi-feudal system and accused the government of ignoring the class struggle to protect the interest of Soviet Union and foreign policy. INC who became insecureabout idea of an opposition, imposed President’s rule in Kerala and removed E.M.S. Namboodiripad. The Sino-Indian war of 1962 further catalyzed the separation, one fraction of the party supported the Indian government’s position while others saw it as capitalist country vs socialist country. This difference in ideology between the party was parallel to the

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