Causes Of Corruption

761 Words4 Pages
Corruption is a pandemic problem that cuts across all cultures around the world. However, some societies have reduced corruption to a minimum by using several strategies while others struggle with the consequences of the vice. This paper examines the types of corruption practices, causes of corruption, consequences of corruption and propose collective and individual strategies to deal with the problem.
Corruption has been defined in different ways. Scholars define corruption as the abuse of entrusted power for private gain at the expense of the public good (Karklins 2002). On the other hand, Stapenhurst (2000), defines corruption as the abuse of public power for personal gain or for the benefit of a group to which one owes allegiance. The biggest issue that surrounds corruption is the misuse of public resources. However, corruption is not limited to the public functionaries as it also within the private, non-governmental sector. Senior (2006) argues that corruption occurs when a corruptor covertly gives a favour to a corruptee or to a nominee to influence action(s) that benefit the corruptor or a nominee, and for which the corruptee has authority.
The major forms of corruption include bribery, extortion, kickbacks, embezzlement, theft, fraud, and conflicts of interest, favoritism, and nepotism
Causes of Corruption
Understanding the root cause of corruption is a step towards tackling the issue. Issues such as greed, lack of rule of law, weak judicial system, little or no

More about Causes Of Corruption

Open Document