A good example is when people offer bribes to the officials of a certain big company to get employment and yet they are qualified to get it anyway but want to be sure that they will get the chance. This is common in third world countries especially in Africa where employment opportunities are very few and because of corruption, even the educated do not get the jobs that they deserve, rather, such jobs are given to the uneducated lot who offer bribes to get the job. Corruption in leadership reflects societal rot.
According to the book “Africa’s war: overview, causes and challenges of conflict transformation” written by R.jackson(2016), he stated that in the twenty first century ,Africa faces many challenges which is their economic status is poor and uneven. There is now a widespread of war and their political conflicts is one if the major contributing factor in a situation like this. There is no doubt that Africa is considered as the most rivalry-prone territory in the whole world. Almost half of the wars that countries are affected by were located in Africa. Almost, all Africans are living in under such terrible conditions of constant political violence.
As George Bernard Shaw states, "The greatest of all evils and the worst of all crime is POVERTY", shows that it is quite an astonishing way regarding consequences and the causes of poverty would brought up to be a crime in the society. (Shaw, 1906) What is poverty? Poverty is about not having enough money to meet basic needs including food, clothing and shelter. However, poverty is more, much more than just not having enough money. As regards to poverty, there are many countries that had suffered poverty, and even striking the middle class status in the Western's countries.
Most great achievements also come with some costs. No matter how big or how small, it is common that there will be some amount of damage left over. There has been a numerous amount of hurt and suffering throughout world history, all over the world and in many cases, it has been the result of one country doing what they think is right for themselves but ends up causing pain towards others. The Industrial Revolution and Imperialism in Africa have been two prime examples of great change. During the era of industrialization and imperialism, the hurt and human suffering that the advancements in technology and societal power caused was not worth gaining all of the new discoveries and improvements for some countries.
There are also studies that show the relationship between corruption in certain countries to increasing levels of poverty and income inequality. Because corruption ‘‘bring chaos’’ (Amos 5:12) and redirects money allocated to income grants, eligibility for housing or pensions and hinders service delivery, it is usually the poor who suffer
Causes of Humans trafficking in Nigeria Trafficking in human beings especially women and children is largely a form of slavery. In the African state, Nigeria has acquired a reputation for being one of the leading African countries with internal trafficking and cross-border. After the economic fraud and the drug trade, transit and destination of human trafficking becomes the third largest crime in Nigeria. There are some causes that bring the problem of human trafficking in Nigeria included poverty, weak legal framework and perversion of cultural traditions (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organizations (UNESCO), 2006). i) Poverty: Widespread poverty Among all the factors that cause the human trafficking in Nigeria, poverty always has been targeted as the principle driving force behind the human trafficking (Sanni, 2011, p.210).
Most of the developing countries especially in the Sub- Saharan Africa are facing a lot of challenges in alleviating poverty. As poor leadership style and misappropriation of public resources are some of the notable causes of widespread poverty levels in the continent, it should be noted that most of the causes of poverty are manageable and substantial development levels can be achieved. In our focus to Ghana, most of the causes of poverty are human perpetrated despite poor climatic condition having a hand on the matter. The country has had a series of poor leadership run which have resulted in the mismanagement of public property. Furthermore, sidelining of women in development agendas has also contributed to increased levels of poverty and governments should take note of the role they play in development matters hence take a noble move to empower them.
It is a complicated issue, often the result of many contingent circumstances, which produce varied and wide-ranging effects. Without limiting the generality of this argument, however, one can cite numerous factors that are widely believed to be the major causes of corruption in Ethiopia, according to Shamebo (2007), are: poor governance, lack of accountability and transparency, low level of democratic culture and tradition, lack of citizen participation, lack of clear regulations and authorization, low level of institutional control, extreme poverty and inequity, harmful cultural practices and centralization of authority and
This article deals with language use. It examines the conceptualization of terms relating to bribes and bribery in Kenya using conceptual metaphor theory (CMT). The giving of bribes is a form of corruption which is a big problem in many countries where the rule of law has failed. Gbenga (2007) posits that corruption has affected many developing countries, especially in Africa, causing the continent to be the most corrupt in the world. Kenya, a country in East Africa, has always performed poorly in Corruption Perception Index (CPI) surveys conducted by Transparency International.
Indeed, India is ranked 85 on Transparency International’s ranking of how corrupt a country is viewed as by it’s people. It is therefore clear that corruption is major problem within India and, as evidenced by the nation’s corruption perception index, erodes citizens’ faith in the government, in addition to being a serious obstacle to economic development within the country. Corruption may take many forms; embezzlement, bribery, nepotism and many other similar undesirable governmental phenomena all constitute corruption. There are in fact a myriad of such activities that fall under the ambit of corruption and no list of such activities could be complete as these activities multiply according to the creativity and ingenuity of their perpetrators. However, one thing that is common to virtually all corrupt activities is the generation of black money.