3. High rates of social disorganization and poverty levels can cause crime rates to increase as well. No economic opportunities in a community can factor into high crime rates. Drug use and gangs can also factor into this. Other factors may include a lack of family support and a poor education system.
First, it could be that parents with criminal records or parents with poor behavior lack discipline, affection and supervision towards their children and that family conditions are related to delinquency as it is stated in the study of Glueck and McCord (as cited in Gottfredson & Hirschi, 1990). Children of offenders are strangely exposed to crime. The theory assumes that criminality is not what parents work to produce but is something they should avoid. In this view, parents with criminal records prohibit their children to involve themselves with crime, but this does not mean that they were able to prevent it. Second, low self-control goes with the wrong system parents do.
They know at the time of doing the crime that it is wrong and they still go through with they're are doing. If it is a parents problem, then they should have their children taken away from them for not teaching them the right values and not setting a good example. If we start trying our teenagers as adults then in time we will see a decrease in the amount of parents that mistreat their kids. Those parents will have learned that they have to take responsibility, even at a young age for their actions and they will teach their children that. This will cause those teenagers to know what it wrong before they ever have to learn by going to prison.
All of these theories explain crime in terms of social environment, including peer groups, family, school, workplace, community, and society. Yet these theories differ from one another. They offer different explanations why social environment causes crime. Some focus on individual differences in crime while others try to explain group differences. The strain theory suggest that people commit crimes because some type of stress or strain going on in their lives.
This may be because of intimidation, blackmail or embarrassment among many reasons. As far as crime is concerned, it is defined by the law. Deviance is unexpected behaviour, but not exactly considered criminal. Many consider crime as a social problem – a problem as defined by society, such as homelessness, drug abuse, etc. Others would say crime is a sociological problem – something defined as a problem by sociologists and should be dealt with accordingly by sociologists.
Every day we hear about crime and criminals in newspapers, on television, news reports and in general conversations throughout our socials circles. It is a constant concern and fear in society today and down through the generations. Crime is defined in some dictionaries as ‘’an act or omission that violates the law of the land and punishable by the guardians of the law.’’ Finding solutions for crime is an ongoing process. There are many theories on crime, causation and solutions. Politicians, interest groups, journalists and individual researchers have tried to find the cause of crime and the solution to this problem.
These children are said to have never received any love and support so they are likely to react violently. This type of criminal behavior tendency is likely to become a cycle that can be passed on from generation to generation if help is not received (Wright K. N., 1993, p. 1). Families that live in poverty and lack education are likely to commit a series of crime and will continue to do so (Smith, 2007, p. 3). Families in poverty are seen as vulnerable to crime due to a lack of help
The history shows the fact that age and background specific youth is involved in juvenile crime. The initial motive to carry a gun is for self-defense, other crime such as drug dealing, violence, robbery and others calls for special attention as they are initiated because of emotional instability. The recent statistics presented on media showed the young adults from a lower income family are involved in such crime for the sake of money and the ones who belong to rich background are involved in drug dealing mostly because of lack of attention being paid to them leads to explore the world negatively. However, the reduction in juvenile crime has been reported due to the efforts of imprisonment, social awareness, policing and reducing the opportunities to enter in the drug dealing matters. This has also shaped the youth behaviors towards drugs and violence.
The reason for the existence of crime is a deviation from the socially accepted norm of behavior which is essential for the peaceful and unhindered progress of society. And for this this reason the state imposes law to maintain law and order and to make sure the presence of justice is present to all members of society. This ensures the
This issue indirectly bring negative outcomes among the children such as poor academic achievement of the children, children will having low self-esteem, emotional problems and children faced problems when maintaining the social relationships with others children. For example, when the single parent goes to work, they will send their child to the kindergarten for the whole day. The parent will come and pick their child after their work. The communication between parent and the child will become lesser because of the parent works for a long hour. Single parent usually do not have time to do revision with their child at the night