Causes Of Democratization Process

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THE ONGOING OF THE DEMOCRATIZATION PROCESS IN ALBANIA THROUGH ANALYZING POLITICAL CULTURE AS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR OF DEMOCRATIZATION (A STUDY CASE OF ALBANIA AND ESTONIA)

1. INTRODUCTION
Democratization process has become a key reference point in understanding political change throughout the world. In essence, democratization contains at its core two distinct but closely related aspects: a process by which political life changes and a normative view of political life that makes statements about how political communities should behave.
By its definition Democratization is a change in political regime within a sovereign state from no democracy to democracy.
Many scholars of political science have tried to determine the causes of a successful process of democratization. In fact, while democratization is a process in itself, it is linked inevitably to the development of one country, In terms of institutional, economic, political but also the social aspect.
The collapse of the communist regime in 1990 and the establishment of political pluralism marked the beginning of a new era for Eastern Europe and for Albania too. These events initiated the democratization agenda, involving state rebuilding processes, aiming at restoring not only the boundaries between politics and economics, but also the boundaries separating public from private, the state from civil society, and the regime from the state. The end of 1990 also marks the beginning of a transition period from

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