Instead of giving up their religions in England, Puritans tried to purify the churches inside the country. However, they dejectedly started their journey to the new world later on. From then on, Puritans’ unique culture spread to the New England and they remained one of the dominant cultures until 19th century. Their lives had essential influence on the economic growth, religion culture and education of new colonies and early American culture. By 1629, fearing the punishment by God to the church of English, a group of rich Puritans got together and established Massachusetts Bay Company.
This influenced them to look more from the New World for individual gain and did not hold as much allegiance to England as the southern colonist did. Southern pilgrims went to the New World regularly by companies promising land. For instance, if Virginia guaranteed fifty acres of land to each individual paying to go to the New World this implied that they still positively liked the English and were not leaving England to escape persecution. While their property and financial frameworks may have been awful in England they saw their voyage as a way the English government was helping them turn out more stable. Another similarity between the English provinces in the Chesapeake region and in New England is the connections they had with Native Americans.
After treaties were signed by Haudenosaunee chiefs, the British colonies began to impose policies and practices that restricted the Haudenosaunee from affirming their culture and way of life. Furthermore, diseases such as smallpox, measles and influenza brought by European settlers wiped out immense populations of the indigenous people. This resulted in the traditional bottleneck of the Haudenosaunee and limited the amount of culture that would be passed down. Due to the dominance of the Europeans, the Haudenosaunee were forcibly assimilated into European culture. As they were assimilated, they lost their traditional ways of life and adopted the western way of working, eventually resulting in a homogenized culture.
However they were actually in the right but the British colonists wanted to make them look bad. This propaganda was used to increase the hatred and rebellion against the British rule. Furthermore to the Boston Tea Party, where the colonists were protesting and opposing the British rule. They were protesting against the Tea Act (mentioned above). Three ships arrived in Boston Harbour and were met by angry colonists who requested the ships should return back to Britain.
After the voyage of Columbus (which is called his ‘’third voyage’’), the island became a colony of Spain, a century later, the Spanish colony San José de Oruna was established. The Spanish sent missionaries to convert the indigenes; they also established some political institutions (like slavery). The plantations of cocoa were flourishing but the island which was a mixture of people from many races was almost uncultivated. By the late 1700s, the administration admitted that its capacity was not enough to develop Trinidad, so it invited new planters because they have the required experience in tropical agriculture. The French were allies with the Spanish at that period of time; thus, they took their slaves laborers and their expertise in tropical agriculture and settled in Trinidad o transform the latter’s both economy and society.
Building cities, educating locals and preaching religion were presented as an enlightening of indigenous savage people, even if they had their own civilization (Kipling 1998). Of course, after alteration of government system and infrastructure of the colony, they need to be educated to work in British system. However, high skill professions were not taught to locals, because they had to stay dependent on imperialist
After his first voyage, Columbus returned to Queen Isabella with his findings. With a larger crew and more supplies, Columbus returned to the Americas to establish a permanent town. The Conjecture Reconstruction of La Isabela by Arthur Shilstone shows the town and how it was meant to be. The painting may not be from the 1490s, but considering the town does not exist anymore it does show the town and the extent to which the Spaniards had planned on settling. The failure was a combination of Columbus’s bad administration, the crew’s unwillingness to cooperate, and the surrounding native population’s resistance to the Spaniards.
Hernan Cortes describes the problematic relations with the natives in “from Second Letter to the Spanish Crown”: “The inhabitants of [Temixtitan] wished to betray us they were very well equipped for it by the design of the city, for once the bridges had been removed they could starve us to death without our being able to reach the mainland” (38-39). “Literary Consequences of 1492” In the “Literary Consequences of 1492” section of “Beginnings to 1700,” Wayne Franklin illustrates the cultural response to literature of the era and describes literature 's impact on the ways of life in both the Americas and Europe. Literature in this time period was often spread to many due to the invention of the printing press. The vast discoveries of the West Indies were often discussed in letters that were later published, making many Europeans desire for the wealth and riches of the “New World.” Franklin writes, “from [columbus’] letter on, the printing press and the European expansion into America were reciprocal parts of a single engine” (11). The invention of the printing press and rapid spread of information ultimately led to the early colonization of the Americas on a large scale.
The third stage is the beginning of the eighteenth century when the British tried to oust the Dutch, the French and the Portuguese from the sub-continent. They started English as a medium of education which influenced Urdu even with more force. After 1857, particularly the transference of the English words into Urdu was faster. After the War of Independence 1857, the British occupied India and became enemy of the Muslims of the sub-continent. The British considered The Muslims responsible for the rebellion against them but virtually all it was because of the Hindu’s conspiracies.
This essay explains the three main reasons why European missionaries were successful in spreading Christianity in Americas and Philippine but failed in China. The factors are using military forces against native people, existing literate religions in China and not in either Americas and Philippine, and trying to erode native beliefs and rituals. The ability of using strong military forces with weapons by Europeans was a factor for being successful in spreading Christianity in Americas and Philippine. When European people arrived in Americas, they experienced various military forces to control and conquer Americas, and they were the most powerful authority in Americas because Native American did not possess developed weapons as European. Moreover, European missionaries thought that using military and conquering lands are parts of their religion, and they regarded their accomplishments in military as the 'demonstration of the Christian God '.