The interest intensified during the Age of Enlightenment in the following century. Several 17th and 18th century European philosophers, especially John Locke, Thomas Paine, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, developed the concept of natural rights, the notion that people are naturally free and equal. . The Enlightenment philosophers suggested a secular social contract between the rulers and the ruled, who deprive themselves of some rights to gain security and serenity at the cost of some of their liberties. In the same time some ‘Natural rights’ preexisting the authority must be respected by the authority, i.e.
1 THE BIRTH OF FREE SPEECH The practice of freedom of speech has been there for long and it is difficult to pinpoint the exact time or year in which the concept of free speech emerged. The freedom of speech was traced during the Ancient Greeks and thus has been argued over and debated that freedom of speech has always been an indispensable principle of what it means to be a free person. The principle of freedom of speech was firstly celebrated as a result of Socrates martyr. In the 399 BC, Socrates was on a trial before the jury in the City State of Athens, on a corruption charges. The corruption charge was a disgraced to the morality of Greek and he said publicly that he would rather be convicted than to suffer restrictions on his free speech.
The Enlightenment can be summarized as the movement to bring the human capacity to reason to light as a very important aspect in social as well as economic life. During the 1700's, many people were still in the mid-evil mindset, which encompassed the ruling of both spiritual and secular rulers, the belief that humans did not possess the ability for social change, and that the time on earth was simply a waiting period for either heaven or hell (Schultz, 2013). However, with the expansion of social life and interaction, many people were starting to question this mindset. Through the ideas of many who were educated, people begin to question these very beliefs. During the 1600's, a Euro Scientist named Copernicus believed that natural laws governed both society and the universe (Schultz, 2013).
By 1824 King Louis XVIII was succeeded by his Brother Charles X whom also assumed absolute power and created new laws restricting the rights of the citizens. He attempted to overthrow the parliament when elections didn 't end in his favor, rid the citizens of the right to vote and rejected Frances constitution. It was these actions that caused Frances initial revolution in 1830, the people demanded more rights and made it so that Charles X would be the last Monarch with absolute power. However, 18 years later many of Frances citizens were still terribly unhappy with their government King Louis Philippe was extremely corrupt, many people were still unable to vote, a major recession made it so that many citizens were barely able to eat. Despite all of this, the revolution of 1848 in France didn 't gain much traction until King Louis Philippe refused to expand the industrial and baking franchises.
Author Madame Noire explains in her article Why I don’t want my child to join a black greek organization the author clearly states how the forming of greek organizations have changed rapidly, she says “ In fact, one could argue that the early black Greeks did a great job, so great that the younger ones don’t know the battle has not been won. Back in the day, sororities and fraternities were about service, education and societal impact first and the partying was secondary”. The author is feeling that the values these organizations were brought on they don’t support them anymore and instead there work has switched over to partying all the time. From being in college and experiencing what the author is stating, people can see what standpoint she is coming from, because in college greeks are the main ones throwing partied but then again they are the same people that provide study tables and etc. So the authors opinion can be known as a double standard because though the greeks party and have fun, they still support and abide by what their founders intentions were.
Although mythological tales are viewed by many as fantasies, mythology is comprised of various versions of distorted stories that attempt to explain life 's mysteries, to describe the journeys of heroes in past generations, and to provide a unique identity to Greek culture. In Greek culture, the gods did not shape mankind in their own image, mankind shaped the gods in their image. The gods were created with human characteristics so that the Greeks would easily relate to the gods. The god, Apollo, was given his muscular aspect by the Greeks who watched strong athletes compete in the Olympics. To make Greek stories seem historical and realistic, heroes were given Greek birthplaces.
The spread was the result of the Greeks failure to live in peace. During this time Alexander the Great took the throne after the assassination of Philip of Macedonian. Alexander built an empire that ranged from Greece to India. Although short, the empire changed the ancient world. It caused the spread of Greek ideas, cultures, and ways of life, hence the origin of the word "Hellenistic" meaning to speak the Greek language or identify with the Greeks.
The war led to Greek cities concentrating less on fighting and more on intellectual growth and cities such as Ionia pioneered in research revolving around metaphysics. There were social and political consequences of the war that affected all futuristic activities of the Greek people. The social and political systems of Athens and Sparta after the war affected the way they conducted their civil war as they avoided an all-out-war and took certain small strategic attacks on each other. Socially, the Greek states after the war supported minor rebellions and politically, they rallied against taking one city at a time from their
Our Founding Fathers started the American Dream when they declared their independence from England because of their belief in unalienable rights. They believed that people had the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. They made a country where people could break free from class restrictions and create the life they chose no matter what their circumstances at birth were. This was called the American Dream. The way people define the American Dream has changed over time.
Locke thought the people can learn from their mistakes and improve themselves. Locke thought that absolute monarchy was a terrible idea and that self governing was the right way to go. Locke's ideas had a huge influence on modern political thinking, they help do you inspire liberty in Europe and the
Peace of Nicias was meant to be signed between Athens and Sparta. However, due to circumstance, the treaty failed and the fighting continued. After the complete destroyed of Aegospotami, the war was finally over and Athens had surrendered. This war had reshaped the Greece. Athens no longer became the strongest city-state, as Sparta took that place hold.
As Americans, we are provided with certain freedoms that no other countries have. These freedoms are listed in the Bill of Rights located in the Constitution signed by James Madison in 1787. These amendments play important roles in our society and personal lives. They can be summed up with the unalienable rights, life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Adding the Bill of Rights to the Constitution, was not only a celebration for those who yearned for individual liberty, but it was also meant to be more than just a “parchment barrier;” however, for that to happen citizens must understand the content and the meaning of the Bill of Rights.
Both John Locke and Thomas Hobbes had a great influence on the foundation on the Bill of Rights. How did the ideas of enlightenment leaders have an impact on how the Bill of Rights was created? The Bill of Rights is a document that was created to protect an individual 's natural rights from government. The
The enlightenment definitely played a pivotal role in the revolution, the ideas and works of well known enlightenment identities like Voltaire, rosseau, locke, and monstesque were highly influential during the era of the French revolution. Ideas that were developed during the period of the enlightenment led the lower class to become upset by the way they were being treated under the government. Correspondent to the ideas of enlightenment john locke philosophy, the boruqoosi essentially wanted life, liberty and property. The liberal ideas continued to influence the events of the revolution. The bourgeiosi created the national assembly which published the declaration of the rights of man and citizen.
In the eighteenth century a new period of change swept across Europe because of previous intellectual developments as well as some very strong and independent people who stood up against common belief. The Enlightenment of the eighteenth century was like nothing that had ever occurred in Europe, shortly after the Scientific Revolution, this period was classified as a period where intellectuals “dared to know”. Even though the effects of this period mostly affected the elite few that were able to read, the effects would affect everyone. This period focused on looking back at previous discoveries and making one’s own opinion as well as sharing it with other intellectuals. Before this period could emerge several other intellectual developments