European political rivalry for Africa’s land only intensified the already tense situation, giving further reason for European countries to colonize Africa. When European countries realized the incredible natural resources Africa held during the first few years of exploration,
Colonialism is the term which originated from the Latin word which means colonus meaning farmer. This is a practice of domination, which includes the over-take of power from one person to another. Colonialism involves economic and political control over a certain territory. According to Longman ‘’colonialism ‘’ is when a powerful country rules a powerless country and beings its own society and trade force in that territory. Example in the 1400s to 1800, European countries started to notice the coastal regions of Africa, they later begin to engage in commerce with the local people in Africa.
Britain once bragged at the Berlin Conference that “the sun never sets on the British empire.” Britain was taking over the world in the 20th century by colonialism. Colonialism occurs when one nation takes control over another. During the Berlin Conference, all of Africa, excluding a few countries, was placed under European control. In Africa, Britain wanted to strip them of their raw materials to benefit their factories and cash crops such as coffee, tea, and cocoa. Although colonialism was viewed negative by farmers who were getting their lands taken away, Kenya did benefit through British colonization.
Africa and the slave trade had a huge impact on the development of the new world culture and especially in the making of America. This was mainly fueled by the slave trade, but the link to other continents emanated from the Atlantic Slave Trade. Furthermore, the slave trade was vital in transforming various economies, especially with the high demand for labor on various continents especially in relation to large-scale farming. This mainly started in Africa before a similar trend was recorded in Europe and the Mediterranean. Initially, slaves were exposed to either agricultural or domestic work.
Africa was imperialized by Europeans in 1880s-1940s. Before Africa imperialism they had thousands of different tribes, nations, culture, and languages. Africa had complex trade and different ethnic groups. Europeans took over Africa because abolition slavery, wanted to spread christianity and had new resources. This happened by having more advanced weapons, cooperate with local leader, and took advantage of Africa conflict.
By the early twentieth century, however, much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by European powers. The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution. The imperatives of capitalist industrialization—including the demand for assured sources of raw materials, the search for guaranteed markets and profitable investment outlets—spurred the European scramble and the partition and eventual conquest of Africa. Thus the primary motivation for European intrusion was economic.
The monarchical government of Swaziland differs in history, distribution of authority and to what extent it meets an individual and society’s needs from the republicanism of the United States. The history of a country has a great impact on the present day system of government. During the 16th century, the Dlamini clan established a kingdom under King Sobhuza. Later, King Mswati II expanded the kingdom, and asked help from the British to fight of the Zulu that led to British colonization in Swaziland. Later the British decided to prepare for independence due to racial discrimination by South Africa.
Decolonization refers to the process by which colonies became independent and were allowed to govern themselves; from a state of ‘colony’ to that of ‘Republic’. Presently, there are 16 remaining non self-governing territories (Decolonization, 2015). It took different forms with different countries. For some, it was gradual and peaceful while others were violent and characterized by native rebellions who were fired up by nationalism. There were various factors that led to decolonization in Africa particularly after the Second World War (WWII) when European countries generally lacked the wealth and political support necessary to suppress revolts in the colonies (Decolonization, 2015).
(World web Online Dictionary.The primary expectation of colonization was to have control politically, besides its goal was to misuse the colonized countries. Colonialism in Africa is wonder or process which has begun between 2800-1960s. It is a phenomenon which played the very similar role with the so called “imperialism”. However one can argue that “imperialism” is an immediate type of colonialism. Colonialism started as aftereffect of change in the method of creation in the European mainland.
Topic of Investigation: What Factors Contributed to Botswana being seen as “The Miracle of Africa since independence” from 1965-1995 and is this an accurate assessment of the country? Introduction: For many centuries the African continent had been colonized by European settlers who’d settled in Africa after they had colonized various parts of Africa. Many of these colonized nations were extremely valuable to the settlers and their colonial powers as the continent of Africa is rich in mineral and in resources in the form of labor. By 1963 the winds of change in Africa had begun, African countries were being liberated from their colonial rule and rising to independence in their countries. With the freedom from colonial rule however came many consequences.