In 1845, Ireland was hit with a devastating blight that destroyed all of its potatoes and caused more than a million people to die of starvation and disease. The Irish Potato Famine, also known as The Great Famine, was a tragic time in Irish history, lasting from 1845 - 1849. Ireland’s poor was very dependant on potatoes, so the sudden death of the potatoes devastated Ireland’s population. Ireland got almost no help from Great Britain, so it had to help itself, but it did not have the resources to do so. The famine was caused by a combination of a population explosion, the tenant farmer system, Irish dependance on a single food source, the appearance of a terrible blight, British laws, and insufficient response of the British government.
It also led to a huge increase in emigration with two million people fleeing the country in the search of both food and a life free from corruption. The Great Famine was a tragedy which devastated Ireland, forcing hunger to take on a new form. Hunger and starvation became the emblem of Ireland and deaths became second nature. From the 1870s onwards, Bengal in India, whom were also under rule of the British Empire,
The decline in the population was a substantial amount as well as the crop failure. The Irish famine eliminated approximately one million people, or one-eighth of the whole population. This established it as a major famine, comparatively expounding, by world-historical standards. “The famine proved to be a watershed in the demographic history of Ireland. As a direct consequence of the famine, Ireland’s population of almost 8.4 million in 1844 had fallen to 6.6 million by 1851.
The Great Famine devastated Ireland in the mid 1800’s. At least one million people died and many more suffered due to poverty and sickness. The main factor that contributed to this event was the potato blight, which infected the potato crop and the Irish who heavily depended on it as their staple food. But what about the other factors? The blight was not the only factor that contributed to Ireland’s poor state at the time.
The populations in were again affected by shortage of food and the World Food Program estimated that 10 million people faced severe food shortages. In Somalia tens of thousands of people died of malnutrition, a situation brought about both by drought and perpetuated by warfare (Tran, 2011). Global Food crisis status The number of people, world-wide, at risk of hunger is expected to increase with 10–20 per cent by 2050 as a result of climate change (IFPRI, 2009a). Despite the increase in food production, more than one in seven people still do not have access to adequate nutrition leading to malnourishment. The threefold challenge that the world now face is to match the changing demand for food from a larger and more prosperous population to its supply and to do this in an environmentally and socially sustainable way that also warrants the world’s poorest people food security.
This essay will explore the causes and effects of the Irish Famine of 1845, which had great contribution to the decline in Irish population in the nineteenth century. It is based on the accounts of the Irish famine of 1845, written by Cecil Woodham-Smith and Mary E. Daly. Both authors give special attention to the population growth during the pre-famine years, regarding it as an aggravating factor contributing to the devastating power of the famine; however, they focus on distinct events and facts as for the reasons for this huge population increase. Smith gives special attention to the fact that Ireland had been oppressed by England, which kept the country in precarious situation under unfair rules and gave the Irish no rights or guarantees.
Hunger is one of the biggest problems the world faces today, in fact, last night, 870 million people went to sleep hungry (World Food Programme, 2015). That’s a number that is larger than the populations of the U.S and Europe combined. According to the World Food Programme 's statistics for the year 2016, in the time it took me to write this sentence, 14 people have died due to starvation. According to the statistics calculated by the WFP, nearly half of the 21 thousand people that die everyday across the globe from hunger and hunger-related causes, are children. The top 10 countries that suffer from hunger are Burundi, Eritrea, Comoros, Timor Leste, Sudan, Chad, Yemen Republic, Ethiopia, Madagascar and Zambia, respectively (guy-allen, 2014).
Protestan Community had more advantages than the Catholic Community and this situation particularly was supported by Cromwell and his ‘Cromwellian Plantation.’ Creating of this injustice condition was another important cause to seperation of Catholic and Protestant communities. The whole situation about the Ireland conflict refer another important question that why the British Empire want these land to much. The island of Ireland had several advantages for the British Empire. First of all, Ireland’s long-standing strategic importence to The Britain. Ireland constituted a important strategic asset which provide vital controling over the Atlantic coast.
FAO reported that 2008 was the second largest crop in history. That same year, according to Action International, five million children died of hunger. It has been shown that the planet can produce food for a population more significant than the current one. However, 1.02 billion people suffer from famine (1 in 6.5), and 100 million more joined last years. The poor are not responsible for hungry lives, without water and electricity.
With Irish slave owners beginning to abduct and obtain people as not just retaliatory means against the Scandinavian forces but also other Irish, not just for personal slavery but for sale as well. With several events where Irish clans would take hundreds of slaves, such as Uí Néill who captured as many as “twelve hundred” in a raid in 1031 and Ardgar mac Lochlainn in 1059 and 1062 taking 200 and 1,000 captives, respectively. This Irish slave trade developed further in the 11th century when Viking raids declined, probably due to peaceful Viking settlement in Dublin and as peaceful slave trade began. It is even suggested that the Irish slave trade became incredibly large and even contributed massively to the Scandinavian slave trade, with most of the captives from Irish-on-Irish raids being directly funnelled into the Scandinavian slave trade in Dublin. Eventually, the Irish slave trade succeeded the established Viking slave trade in the 11th century, as evident from the evolution of the Viking, followed by Irish raids.