Juveniles become a part of gangs for several reasons, including, gaining protection, governmental, and social issues. Overall, gang engagement has evidently shown to negatively impact the youth. History According to Clark, the history of youth gangs dates back to St. Augustine (A.D. 354-430), who expressed pleasure
Gangs started in the early eighteen hundreds and have continued to grow. A few of the reasons people join gangs are that they are looking for acceptance, money, or security. Some gang members come from a poor home life. Eighteenth-century gangs were not as violent as what they are today. The presence of gangs has a negative impact on city tourism, attractions, and population.
According to (2013), since the 1980s, gangs have become more turf-oriented and sophisticated in operating retail drug trade and distribution nationwide as a primary source income (p. 153). Some gangs are motorcycle gangs, street gangs, and racial or non-racial oriented. Of course, as gang’s network and their numbers increase so does the violence. In fact, gang membership is expanding to rural and suburban areas from the urban communities to distribute drugs, recruit members, and to hide out from law enforcement and other gangs (Alder, Laufer, & Mueller, 2013, p.139). Researchers believe the numbers are rising due individuals who are looking for a thrill, belonging, and protection.
Throughout the 17th-century gangs have been causing havoc in people's life and destroying the society. The National Institute of Justice (2011) has defined a gang as "A group of collective members which create an atmosphere of intimidation among citizens." Many of these gangs are well organized, using different forms of violence to control neighbourhoods and to conduct their illegal activities. The National Gang Threat Assessment (2011) reports that “Gangs are responsible for an average of 48 percent of violent crime in most jurisdictions.” Street Gangs have caused incidences of violence that is confined in the inner city of many countries. Most gangs are made up of young males that are of a similar background and have a desire of acquiring
The article concludes with a breakdown of and critical examination of the presiding theories with a spattering of interjections from lead theorists which support each. The article shows that family and educational environments have a part to play in persuading youths to join a gang but also acknowledge that their free will is still intact. The article also concludes that there are influences present which try successfully or not so successfully to dissuade the youth’s gang involvement “families play a minimal role in young people’s desistance from gang involvement.” The conclusion also shows that the correlation between a disrupted unstable family background and gang membership is not as obvious as social perception believes it to be “gang
This blatant lack of social control was used as a tool which encouraged youths to establish their own means of social order, they did this by either forming new gangs or joining existing gangs. The research which was done by Frederic Thrasher was substantially influenced most of the theories which emerged after it related to gangs. Albert Cohen, 1955 theorised that the emergence of gangs was directed to a subculture which had been created by the lower socioeconomic youths, and this was a result of their exclusion from mainstream middle-class culture. These youths noticed that they were unable to obtain the status of middle-class and created a gang culture that offered them an alternative source if
It is believe that people from these countries migrate because of oppression and poverty. Poverty is known to be a prime factor of gang formation. This paper will focus the blood gang in prison their origin, crime, how they differ from other gang and where are they now. The Blood gang was originated in Los Angeles in the early 1970s as result of oppression from the crips. The formation of The Bloods gang was a mean by which individuals could protect themselves from the Crips (Dunn, 1999).
Young people give various reasons for joining gangs. Among the most common reasons are: to belong to a group, protection, earn money, excitement, to be with friends, and it's even a family tradition"(Escondido Police Department). Amongst the various reasons that lead youth
Gang violence is nothing someone should play around with because you can get killed or even in trouble with the law for just associating with them. People have a mind set that gangs are there for protection and it's really not. Gangs will leave you in two places grave or in jail. Learning about gangs is essential to understanding history and how to stay away.In order to talk about what a gang is and why you should stay away you should know what it is.A gang is a group of 3 or more individuals in a group (“What is a gang?”). Sometimes you might hear some people call a gang a set but it means all the same.
Very few small cities or and rural areas have the necessary population base and extremely deprived community circumstances to support gangs. Any disorder that an existing gang feels, such as member arrests or drop outs is likely to strike at the foundations of its structure. Gangs in smaller areas are more likely to be started for social reasons in opposition