Many things may result from joining a gang such as trouble with the law, physical and mental injury, drug and/or alcohol addiction and the fight of getting out. One of the biggest and most popular results of joining a gang is the amount of criminal activities a person becomes involved in. For some gang members it is not a drastic change in the amount of criminal activity they are involved in but for others they may commit their first crime when joining a gang. Gang members commit more criminal acts than the general population but, many gang members report considerable involvement in crime before joining gangs. That's where it becomes hard to tell if its an impact or just the way that the people with tendencies to join gangs act, are there higher rates of offending because of the gang or because people who join gangs are predisposed to crime?
Many gang members end up in juvenile hall for discipline if they have done minor crimes but if the crime is major they are send into juvenile hall and have a hearing the next day. The problem of gang control is a difficult one. Welsh and Siegel in their book say, many gangs flourish in inner-city areas that offer lower-class youths few conventional opportunities, and members are resistant to offer help that cannot deliver legitimate economic hope (4). For this reason, many lower income children go into following bad steps and end up going into juvenile hall and then into prison if they continue committing deviant acts. There has been an outcry from politicians to increase punishment for the “little monsters” and to save the “fallen angels,” or the victimized youth who are innocent (4).
In the 1990s, gang violence was on the rise, where it was dominantly founded in youths. Anderson, Dyson, and Lee (1996) argued that when a group of African American youths join together and commits delinquent acts and crime, they already categorized as gangs to the American public. This affect and many other affects is what creates an increase in gang violence. Those other factors are socioeconomic status, history, race, gendered, and geographic background. They play a huge role on the creation and formation of gangs.
Sociological theories suggest that a lack of equal opportunities, neighborhood disarray, and the social environment is the leading cause for crime causation (Hall, n.d.). The sociological theory has a larger impact on the poor and disproportioned. According to the sociological theory crime is due to the environment an individual is subjected too. This is especially true in communities where the crime rate is high. In communities that are inundated with gangs, violence, drugs and murder, juveniles are more likely associate with gangs and violence if it is always visible within their community.
The settings of a family which has a negative effect on family and boys. Mainly what the characters are inclined to do against each other, the dysfunctional family life and the one parent family. The story has increased my knowledge about gangs and the impact on boys, that positivity of one person is better than the adversity of a gang. The author Scott Monk message to boys is being in a gang, especially a criminal gang is a futile, it is informative in regards that boys can do positive things in their life, that the need to turn their back on gangs and violence.
Harris works and lives in the inner-city streets where the drug dealers overrun the city. Harris’ personal beliefs and sense of justice are a result of his life experiences with criminals and drug dealers. His ideas of justice and sense of right and wrong coupled with the social factors of drugs and crime in his community contribute to Harris’ unethical conduct. For instance, the temptations are always present in the circumstances when raiding any drug dealer activity. Drug dealers possess a lot of money and drugs, such as the Training Day movie, in which money and drugs influence Harris, so he acts criminalized.
On the other hand the Bronx, also had a crumbling sense of community, because of violence that was brought into its area. The repercussions of this as is similar of Baltimore, most adolescents resorted to the streets for money. Lastly the reason why both cities young men found it attractive to go to the streets, is because it gives them pride, money and a way to escape from the missed opportunities from their communities.
Informal controls once again act in a manner that supports the idea that when neighborhood adults interact in terms of obligations and expectations, they are able supervise and control the activities of children. When this is not present in neighborhoods, such as the one shown in the documentary The House I Live In, the result is the participation of youths in the drug trade and other aspects of criminal life. The destruction of the neighborhood has already been underway as a result of spatial mismatch, but worsens when the war on drug is factored in. These neighborhoods often suffer from the result of the policy known as broken windows policing that doesn’t make situations any better. The policy is predicated on the notion that where there are a few broken windows, there will be more if the windows are not repaired.
The study also uncovers how the street gang violence have an effect on schools, the interviews show that in western cape most of the learners in their schools are in gangsterism in the community and when the gangs are fighting with each other (Clinard and Meier, 2011). So the learners who are also gangsters come to school not with the purpose of causing chaos but to learn. However, with the fights happening on the street the learners is forced to shift focus from learning progress to fighting for his or her life as the other members of the opposing group who are not learners might arrive anytime to attach him or her. These fight do not only disturb learners that are members of gang but the violence that take place between two opposing gang groups affect the entire schools, put the lives of learners at schools at risk of being stabbed or killed, increases the rate of any form of violence (Doerner and Lab,
Crime offers a way in which poor people can obtain material goods they cannot attain through legal means. Often, threat or force helps them acquire even more goods, encouraging them to commit more violent acts such as robbery and rape. Thus, poverty increases crime
According to the U.S Department of Justice (2001), the reasons that young adults join gangs can be either complex or for personal reasons. In their most recent study, it was found that just like male gang members, females join gangs because of economic problems and because of gang-family involvement and the pressure that comes from that family dynamic (pg. 2). According to Deschenes and Esbebsen (1999, pg. 63), traditionally, it is more common for males to be involved in gang and gang activity versus females. This is because this is the norm in our society and it is the stereotype when it comes to males
Since Las Vegas is a tourist city it’s naturally a social environment and has numerous locations for reaching out to the local community. The Downtown Project for example was redesigned to attract more locals and get rid of the negative stigma associated with downtown. The cultural need for the Boys and Girls Club in Las Vegas would be to have a diverse community for young children. Las Vegas has locals and foreigners from all around the world with different backgrounds and beliefs. This would allow children to be more open-minded and adapt quickly to their surroundings.
The idea that groups can affect the individual drastically, and we can affect groups is pretty interesting to note. In the case of the film, MS-13 comes into many of its member 's lives at a young age, fundamentally changing how they view the world. Without the group (the group here being MS-13,) would these gang members been violent, or polarized towards crime? Would they have a different view of MS-13? Or, on the other side, how would MS-13 be affected if it didn 't have certain instrumental people within it?
Ukraine 's main goal is to create safe streets for the citizens in the region. Throughout the region Ukraine 's government have responded to the real and perceived threat of gangs by sponsoring a “Mano Dura,” or iron ﬁst, approach. They have rounded up thousands of youth based on their appearance, associations, or address. Most of these arrests did not hold up in Salvadoran courts but served to further condemn communities and may have accelerated recruitment for the gangs themselves. Far more troubling, from a criminology standpoint was the effect that Mano Dura had on the prison system, the mara leadership, and its operational structures.
The cultures explained in this article are the include the hundreds of gangs spread across Central and Northern America, and the government and society of these nations. The dominant culture among these is the nation 's governments while the counterculture consists of all the gangs. The Governments, However, are struggling to to dominate the crime caused by gangs members. Dominant cultures have increased the focus of law enforcements toward gang violence and increased punishment for gang activities, such as creating a law that makes it illegal just to be in a gang even if that person was not caught doing anything illegal. Another method used make society safer from gang violence was to try to change and regulate gun laws.