Causes Of Illegal Immigration

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Illegal Immigration
As a result, illegal immigration has several important effects on the economy, society, and jobs.The number of people immigrating to the USA is increasing. There are several causes of it. Judith Gans (2007) has observed that the reasons are simple and complex at the same time. First of all, the most general reason is of economic character. Most illegal migrants come from poor, less-developed countries and try to find better job conditions and higher wages to provide for their families. However, this economic factor is supported by the fact that the system of immigration in the United States differ from those system in other countries fundamentally. To be precise, there are three sub-causes of illegal immigration to the USA:
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Thus, global economic processes made labor more liberal and more international. From this point of view, illegal immigration as a phenomenon has a tendency of spreading. Apart from this, illegal mechanisms of immigration to the USA are used because of a limited number of channels for legitimate economic migration. Therefore, low-skilled workers from other countries, who are demandable in the United States, search for illegal ways of crossing the border. The debate of illegal immigration in the United States is one that is plagued with many details, and one that sparks a huge amount of controversy among politicians and citizens alike. While it is an issue that many argue about, few people are actually knowledgeable about the subject and have facts to back up their opinions. According the Center for Immigration Studies, the “unauthorized resident immigrant population is defined by all foreign-born non-citizens who are not legal residents” (CIS). This definition incudes people who emigrate from countries all over the world; it is not exclusive to those who come from Mexico and surrounding Central…show more content…
Recent figures, including reports from the Border Patrol of illegal crossings at the southwest border, suggest that the numbers began to grow again last year. But Pew researchers said the increases in the 2012 census data — the latest available — were too small for them to conclusively confirm the recent rise.
The Pew researchers, for the first time using larger census samples from past years, also went back to revise some of their previous estimates. The new figures, while only slightly different, show an even clearer picture of the surging growth in unauthorized immigrants to a peak of 12.2 million in 2007 from 3.5 million in 1990.

In 2008 and 2009, there was a steep drop, with the numbers falling to an estimated 11.3 million. After 2009, the population leveled off and by some measures might have been gradually growing. The Pew report does not point to any causes of the changes. But Mr. Passel noted that the dates of the decrease matched the deepest years of the economic slowdown, with its high
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