Childhood poverty is a serious issue across the world. For children, poverty is defined as the deprivation of necessary aspects of life such as, nutrition, health, water, education, or shelter. According to Unicef, 47 percent of those living in extreme poverty are 18 years old or younger which means that nearly 385 million children are living in poverty worldwide (based on data from 89 countries).This is a staggering result as this means that children account for almost half of the world’s extreme poor. According to the World Bank Group and Unicef, the youngest children are the worst off. More than one-fifth of children under the age of five in the developing countries face extreme poverty compared to 15% of 15-17 year old that live in poverty.It is appalling that children, as young as five years old are in danger.
Poverty in the Arab World Arab world consists of 22 countries out of which few countries are developed and the rest of countries are still under development. The developed countries have their own exports and they gain some good revenues that are helpful for the particular countries. Total population of the Arab world is over 280 million people which mean that the Arab world consists of 5% of the total population of the whole world. It is considered that the Arab countries are similar in their norms and values and they share same demographics, linguistics and society as well. Poverty is one of the major issues that the Arab world is going through and the major reason behind poverty is lack of opportunities, unemployment, lack of education and lack of economic growth.
Brits argues that “the ICT has the capacity to both increase and restrict access to information needed to satisfy needs, and the second is that socio-economic and political disadvantages will in most cases produce informational disadvantages. Certain categories of valuable information, such as economic information, are mainly available in an electronic format. In most cases this implies that poor people, due to financial costs and in many cases a lack of know-how knowledge of modern ICT, are unable to access and fully exploit these technologies and thereby benefit from these categories of information. Poor people are therefore in most cases marginalized and even excluded from digitized world economy which is based on access to and use of information. ICT has accelerated the production and distribution of information, but at the same time has exacerbated the gap between those who have access to and use of information and those who do
POVERTY IN THE COUNTRY About a third of the country’s population lives on less than 1.25USD per day. The GINI index keeps rising slowly over the years, indicating that the inequality in the distribution of wealth in the country is increasing, currently hovering a little close to 33.9. Poverty is considered the greatest threat to peace in the world, and eradication of poverty should be a national goal as important as the eradication of illiteracy. Due to abject poverty, women are exploited as domestic helps and wives whose incomes are usurped by the man of the house. Additionally, sex slaves are a direct outcome of poverty, as unearthed by Davinder Kumar:- Andhra Pradesh accounts for nearly half of all sex trafficking cases in India, the majority involving adolescent girls.
Pakistan is a developing country day by day, and also facing poverty problems , nearly majority of Pakistan lives in below the poverty-line. According to UNDP- human development report (2008), Pakistan has been 136th position from 177 developing-countries. Nearly, 73% people struggling less than 2 dollar per day. If we position of the Asian countries on earning-poverty, Pakistan offer in last from all the Asian states. Throughout the last ten years ,Government of Pakistan spent compareingtrillions-rupees for poverty reduces programs.
3. Achieve Universal Primary Education: Despite impressive strides forward at the start of the decade, progress in reducing the number of children out of school has slackened considerably. An estimated 50 per cent of out-of-school children of primary school age live in conflict-affected areas. 781 million adults and 126 million youth worldwide lack basic literacy skills, and more than 60 per cent of them are
Families with wealth are able to pay for better education for their children, comparing to those who are brought up from poor family. Good background of family in financial wise its like opening doors to all kinds of opportunities. Britain has very poor social mobility, which means that those born into disadvantaged households are likely to remain disadvantaged themselves. (The US is also bad for social mobility, its reputation as the land of opportunity being more cultural mythology than reality). All parents want to help their children flourish, but low-income parents often lack the resources to achieve their parenting
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.1 The concept of literacy is expanding in OECD countries to include skills to access knowledge through technology and ability to assess complex contexts.2 A person who travels and resides in a foreign country but is unable to read or write in the language of the host country would also be regarded by the locals as being illiterate. Literacy is very effective and important parameter of measuring social development of a society. Literacy is also the ground reason for many other social problems such as crime rate, political unawareness and terrorism which off course has turned into a cancer. Whereas Illiteracy is defined as “the quality or condition of being unable to read or write”.
It consists of 77 percent of our country’s total population of 860 million.The extremely poor quality of education available to them ensures thata large majority of India’s children continue to be far behind. One of the main reasons, for such adismal state of our public system of schools is that the local communities have not been able to assert themselves and effect desirable changes. It is ironical that education can be a great leveler and also be a means to perpetuate the existing social divide. Great hierarchy in schooling provisions exist in India. Equality of opportunity in terms of accessing school, have remained at best a political rhetoric.
Causes of poverty in Pakistan: Poverty in Pakistan has multiple factors and is not solely dependent on any one factor. These include economic factors, social factors and most importantly political factors. These together form the roots of poverty in Pakistan. Vicious Circle of Poverty: Just like other developing countries Pakistan is also victim of vicious circle of poverty. According to definition of vicious circle of poverty a country remains poor because their income level remains low because of which there are low investments and saving and hence deficiency of capital.