Common Causes Of Infertility

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A major problem that most couples face today is Infertility. Infertility is a medical condition where a couple fails to conceive or reproduce within the following 12 months after intercourse or unprotected sex. The medical condition of Infertility is often preconceived to occur primarily due to disorders in the reproductive system of the female partner, which is completely false as the disorders in the reproductive system of the male partner are equally responsible for infertility (who.int).
There are several causes and risk factors of infertility in both genders. The most common cause for infertility in males is ‘Sperm Abnormalities’. Sperm Abnormalities, as the name suggests, are the irregular/uncommon conditions of the sperms in males, the
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Pelvic infections, surgeries and endometriosis may damage the fallopian tube which may further cause infertility in women. (webmd.com) (Pelvis is the large bony frame near the bottom/base of the spine to which the legs are attached in humans (google.com)) Hormonal changes; Hormonal Changes are sometimes a cause of infertility as women undergo synchronized hormonal changes (of hormones such as LH – Luteinizing Hormone and FSH – Follicle Stimulating Hormone) leading to the release of an egg from the ovary and the enlargement of the endometrium (endometrium is the lining of the uterus) in accordance to the fertilized egg, do not occur which leads to infertility. Cervical Conditions; some women/females may have certain cervical conditions due to which the sperm must not be able to pass through the cervical canal, which may be due to previous cervical surgeries causing infertility. Abnormal Anatomy of the Uterus; Abnormal anatomy of the uterus and presence of polyps and fibres may cause infertility. Unexplained Infertility; there are some conditions today that we cannot track due to the limited number of known methods of investigation, which leads to unidentified certain causes of infertility in men and women. (webmd.com)
The particular cause that the essay would focus on, which falls under the category of ‘Fallopian Damage’ is ‘Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.’ The Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is an infection of the female upper genital region which includes the womb, ovaries and fallopian tubes (nhs.uk).A question might arise in our minds when we first study about the PID being, how does it cause

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