Causes Of Internal Migration

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Internal migration is when people migrate within the same country or region. Generally, it occurs as people search for a better standard of living and move to places that offer it, which in most cases is from rural areas to urban areas. “Since 1978, China has experienced the most extensive internal migration”. (IN TEXT CITE) As we know, internal migration is one of the most important factor contributed in the rapid development in China that shaped the nation into an essential group on the international market. Not only that through the process of internal migration, disparities should in theory be reduced. Yet, in China it seems like even though internal migration shrank the gaps of economic and social inequalities, the truth is, it opened up a greater economic and social disparities. Even though internal migration contributed a whole lot in the development of China, it expanded economic disparities within the country. Economic disparities comprise all the inequality in the distribution of economics which includes: income, employment, remittances, and labor. In China, the huge gap of economic disparities is caused by the household registration (hukou) system. Through this system, the government distributes their residences, jobs, and access to social services. In order to transfer to another hukou, high amount of money must be paid for the government’s approval. Since not many citizens can afford the payment, most migrants did not receive approval from the government.
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