It is not uncommon for an adolescent to feel down about something, sad, and not feel encouraged at times. These are all feelings, and how they may react to life. There may be a relationship breakup, a family member moving out of town, or even scoring poorly on a test. In most cases, often adolescents can get over these circumstances in a short time. The occasional sadness is o.k.
There can be other risk factors like implusive behavior, uncontrolled aggression and inablility to delay gratification. In many instances there can be multiple individual risk factors that can be identified as contributions to juvenile as harmful, dangerous, destructive and illegal. It is generally assumed that the core reason for juvenile delinquency is due to parenting, school and peer groups. While we talk of juvenile delinquency it is very important to look into the affects of media upon the children and how their behavior is shaped and guided by media. This is an period of technology and advance media where Children no longer go to bed listening to grandma’s stories or they no longer need to go out and play their games with friends.
In authoritative parenting, parents put a lot of effort into ensuring that they have a positive relationship with their child. They give explanations to the reasons behind the rules they set and enforces them and also give consequences, but takes their child 's feelings into consideration. Authoritative parents make rules but they allow for realistic exemptions to the rules. Authoritative parents often use reasonable consequences that teach life lessons. They also use positive discipline to prevent behavior problems and to reinforce good behavior.
For researchers Darling and Steingberg, they believe good parenting has an impact on on child development. They believe that good parenting prepares children for stipulations caused by cultural or subcultural ideology. Parenting style is a huge factor in child development. It affects psychological and social functioning of the children. (Joseph M.V, 2008) There are four main parenting types: authoritative parenting, authoritarian parenting, permissive parenting and neglectful parenting.
Juvenile delinquents diagnosed with mental/conduct disorders Juvenile delinquents are often diagnosed different disorders. Around six to sixteen percent of male teens and two to nine percent of female teens have a conduct disorder. These can vary from oppositional-defiant disorder, which is not necessarily aggressive, to antisocial personality disorder, often diagnosed among psychopaths. A conduct disorder can develop during childhood and then manifest itself during adolescence. Juvenile delinquents who have recurring encounters with the criminal justice system, or in other words those who are life-course-persistent offenders, are sometimes diagnosed with conduct disorders because they show a continuous disregard for their own and others
Also try to build strong foundation to help your child resist peer pressure. Self-esteem is also important for children. Show appreciation in whatever good they do. Praise their strengths; don’t just focus on their weaknesses. Parents must further understand the generations now, many teens nowadays are enjoying the company of friends rather than with their parents.
So, as a parent, it is important to recognize individual differences in your child’s temperament and to help him understand the impact of his temperament on other family members. It is also important that you know yourself and recognize your own unique temperament, and that you are aware how your behavioral style affects daily life in your family. Awareness of individual differences in temperament provides a positive way to prevent and manage problems that can result from a mismatch of behavioral styles within your family. Children who misbehave often do so not out of malice, but out of ignorance, boredom, or frustration, and simply need to be taught, listened to, or redirected. A child who is ignored by his parents often misbehaves to seek attention.
The lack of parental control over children due to death, divorce, or desertion of parent or their ignorance or illness may furnish soothing ground for children to resort to criminal acts. The frequent quarrels amongst parents, undue domination of one over the other, step-motherly treatment with children,
Youth who are at risk of becoming delinquent often face difficult circumstances. Children who for various reasons—including parental alcoholism, poverty, breakdown of the family, overcrowding, abusive conditions in the home, the growing HIV/AIDS scourge, or the death of parents during armed conflicts—are orphans or unaccompanied and are without the means of subsistence, housing and other basic necessities are at greatest risk of falling into juvenile
A child is born with purity and innocence. Nurturing child is a crucial in every child’s life and if given proper care and attention in right way after that child grows in constructive manner. Children show good performance when children’s surrounding environment is positive and supportive towards them. Child’s physical, psychological, moral and spiritual development builds them competent of become conscious to understand their capabilities. On the other side, detrimental environment, lack of basic needs, poor parenting supervision, other factors may turn a child to a delinquent i.e.a juvenile delinquent.