Juvenile Incarceration is an epidemic in America that has no chance of slowing down without the support and changes from the government. One problem contributing to this issue is that the justice system focuses mainly on punishing the juvenile offender through prison time, instead of taking preventative measures and supporting rehabilitation. Imprisoning juveniles is not only ineffective, as evidenced by the high recidivism rates, but it is also extremely expensive. The average annual cost of housing one juvenile in jail is $88,000. That number multiplied by the number of incarcerated juveniles, equates to an end cost to the government of approximately 21 billion dollars. Rather than trying to sustain these growing costs for incarceration, …show more content…
Factors such as, environmental, psychological, and social aspects are all possible contributing parts of the problem. One of the more prevalent reasons are socially related factors. These include family relationships, peer pressure, and gangs. Oftentimes, the combination of hormonal changes and a bad family life, are a good mix for trouble in a juvenile. If a child grows up in a home with “...poor parental management, poor supervision, [and] inconsistent discipline, they are at a greater chance of being involved in illegal activities. The way a family is constructed and runs contributes to the issue as well. For example, children who grow up in single parent households are (__twice___) as likely to become incarcerated than others who grew up in a two person one. If this household has a parent that is/has been incarcerated their chances of becoming incarcerated themselves has increased by (_____) percent. The toll of an incarcerated parent on their child is not favorable. Not only is the child at a disadvantage support wise, but also financially. This is further supported through demographics. As poverty increases for a family, so does the rate of incarceration. By being in a single parent home, with only one income, and an established predilection towards the prison system, the risk of incarceration is amplified. A key proponent that goes hand-in-hand towards juveniles becoming incarcerated is gang …show more content…
The people who are affected the most and the reasons behind their actions have been already established. The next step would be to tailor these programs and instill them. Although I know that funding these programs would come at a substantial investment in the beginning, it would pay off in more than one way in the end. As stated previously, the cost of incarcerating juveniles is 21 billion dollars. By making an investment in the future of incarcerated juveniles, and pouring an increased amount of money into preventative programs it will cut down the number of incarcerated juveniles in the future. This in turn reduces both the number of prisoners and the cost of caring/housing them. An estimated fifty to seventy-five percent of juveniles who are incarcerated become later incarcerated again. As states divert young people who commit less serious offenses from confinement and into alternative supervision and service programs in the community, they reduce the risks that such individuals will become hardened criminals as they grow up.” Creating more programs could have the impact of cutting down that statistic and not only make society more productive, but also use government money more effectively. There are some organizations and programs around the country that have already tried making a significant impact. For instance, The Youth Outreach Services (YOS) organization provides help to
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There are indication that most criminals have a juvenile records in the US, indicating that crime manifests from a tender age. Therefore, to reverse the incidence of crime, it follows that the best strategy is to reduce the criminal orientation in the juvenile offenders as opposed to hardening them and preparing them for criminal careers. The case of the Crossroads Juvenile Center demonstrates the willingness of the juvenile justice systems to make these changes on the children. References Day, S. (2014). Runaway Man: A Journey Back to Hope.
In summarizing Senate Bill 200 (SB 200), SB 200 offers a more effective use of resources to hold offenders responsible, attain better results for Kentucky youths in the juvenile justice system and their families, and maintain public safety. The amendments to the bill are grounded on recommendations from a bi-partisan, inter-branch task force and extensive stakeholder input. The bill addresses three key points to ensure improved effectiveness and outcomes. Firstly, using the right resources on the right child to produce better outcomes. SB 200 uses the costly resources/treatments on more serious offenders by placing restrictions on the commitment of lower level offenders and the length of time they may be placed out-of-home.
In the article,” The Steep Costs of Keeping Juveniles in Adult Prisons,” author Jessica Lahey subsequently claims, “ Juveniles constitute 1,200 of the 1.5 million people housed in federal and state prisons in this country, and nearly 200,000 youths enter the adult criminal-justice system each year, most for non-violent crimes. On any given day, 10,000 juveniles are housed in adults prisons and jails.” Reluctantly, juveniles are not given the opportunity in these circumstances to plead for their background story, nor do they receive the opportunity to engage towards their future. As the arguments began to rise throughout the years, the percentage on juveniles being tried as adults has also rose resulting in a more repetitive solution for these
This can be seen in the growing number of court-involved status offenders who were being detained and placed outside of their homes for noncriminal behavior (Shubik & Kendall, 2007). Following multiple studies and research, the President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice recommended that the juvenile court be the agency of last resort and that community-based organizations, not penal institutions, should be responsible for these youths (Shubik & Kendall, 2007; Farrington,
If community oriented programs are not becoming more of a priority for the at-risk children in the community, those children have a greater chance of entering the system and not leaving it. An example of this type of program is the Project Positive Action through Holistic Education. The program helps the students grow a link to schools. Project Positive Action through Holistic Education includes “peer teaching, school-pride campaigns, peer counseling services, job fairs, and career planning (Araki, 2003)” to help students prepare for the future and keep them out of trouble in the present. Juveniles should be able to leave the detention centers when finished with their sentences and join the real world without being pulled back into the Criminal Justice System.
Consequently there are only six juvenile prisons remaining for serious juvenile offenders, and there are currently 1,600 juveniles in state facilities in comparison to the federal facilities costing on an average of $250,000 per juvenile offender (Kelly, 2012). Therefore, In the effort to address as well as resolve the problems with both adult and juvenile prison overcrowding, bother programmers as well as researchers believed that correctional facilities obtained the abilities in identifying high risk offenders and allocating appropriate rehabilitative services in accordance to their criminal needs while assessing their potential for recidivism, at which point the Risk-need responsivity (RNR) model was implemented in 1990 as a means of identifying high risk offenders in need of rehabilitative
Obviously, children sentenced as adults receive a criminal record which restricts them from most employment and educational opportunities, such as financial aid, may arise. a. This takes away a lot of positive and effective help and intervention, which causes children struggle and fall into despair and hopelessness. b. These are part of the reasons that these children are 36 times more likely to commit suicide that those in the juvenile facilities. Connective III. What can be done to help bring change to this issue?
Not only does Berstein call for an overall reform of this nation’s juvenile prisons, she goes as far as saying the practice of locking up youth is in need of a “more profound than incremental and partial reform” (13). The fact that Bernstein outlines the numerous failed strategies and goals of this practice with her compelling use of studies and statistics is enough to promote an audience to reject the practice of locking up youth. The statistic she shares that “four out of five juvenile parolees [will be] back behind bars within three years of release” as well as the studies she conducted on numerous instances when a guards abuse of power lead to the death of a child work to further prove her point: being that “institution[s] as intrinsically destructive as the juvenile prison” have no place in a modern society (13, 83). Bernstein refutes this false sense effectiveness further by sharing her own ideas on what she believes works as a much more humane solution to rehabilitating
Juvenile Justice Issues In today’s society the youth generation seems to be facing some problems that there is no solution for. Juveniles are participating in many wrongdoing activities that they are not being held accountable for. I see many gray areas when it comes to the juveniles justice system and I strongly believe there should be changes made in order to help these juveniles be deterred from such behavior so they do not continue down a path that can affect the rest of their lives.
Within the urban communities, negative perceptions are magnified. Adolescents are more prone to be a product of their environment, especially those whose parents are incarcerated. Because of this trend adolescents are being incarcerated at an alarming rate and sentenced to adult facilities. Lambie & Randall (2013) states, the United States have imposed harsher penalties on serious young offenders, and have consequently increased rates of incarcerated youth and made it easier for youth to be treated and incarcerated as adults within the justice
Juveniles in prison face increased violence and sexual abuse, and are at much higher risks of committing suicide than juveniles in juvenile prisons. In addition, the number of released prisoners that turn back to crime is much higher for those that were juveniles in adult prisons. Juveniles will face the consequences of their actions in juvenile prisons, but will also be given a second chance to change their lives through rehabilitation. It is time to stop failing this nation’s juveniles and build a system that benefits not only these children, but society as a whole through the end of a vicious criminal
In family structure, high parenting stress cause children’s problematic behavior especially in single parent. If the child has a high sense of school belonging, the child is likely to participate in delinquent behavior. The passage points out important areas to improve family structure and school belonging. Merino, N. (2010). Juvenile Crime.
III. Cost a) How can we lower costs? b) Depending on the state, it costs $40,000 to house an inmate c) We are now spending more on the imprisonment of people instead of education the children of America. d) It will cost us less in the long run if we can fully rehabilitate inmates so they don’t keep coming back.
Juvenile Delinquency is a phenomenon that affects communities worldwide according to media reports, both print and electronic, where worrying images of youths involved in behavior outside societal norm has been highlighted. This issue has been studied by researchers locally, regionally and internationally where results has shown that delinquency has been influenced by a number of factors such as age, gender, race, family circle, environment, socioeconomic status et cetera. This research paper attempts to examine Juvenile delinquency and the effects of social structure on form (III) three students attending secondary schools in Trinidad. A structural functionalist perspective will be used based on factors that influence delinquency such as Poverty, Ideology of hegemony, and discrimination.
Teenagers are not perfect, and their irrational behavior can lead to poor decisions that could potentially be dangerous and unlawful. A debate has now occurred for many years that deals with the issue of sentencing teens that have committed serious crimes such as murder and robbery. Many people argue that if juveniles commit these crimes that their punishment should be equal to an adults punishment for serious crimes, but juveniles shouldn’t have to worry about their lives getting ruined. Most juveniles and teenagers do not have enough maturity to survive in the adult prison system, and recent brain development research shows us that teenagers brains are not even close to being finished developing. Therefore, teenagers and youth under the age of eighteen should