Causes Of Migration In Bangladesh

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Migration of population has been a common phenomenon since the beginning of human history. Although the form of migration has changed, but it remains as a dominant event in global system. Usually men migrate to developed countries from underdeveloped ones for better livelihoods. Many theories have been propounded to explain migration. A number of social, economic, demographic factors lead to migration. Bague (1969 cited in Sing, 2015) argues that the most effective theory for explaining the causes of migration is push and pull theory that states that migration takes place when pull factors are outnumbered by push factors at the destination countries. But no matters what are the factors behind migration, the important matter is that these migrant…show more content…
Presently about 7.5 million Bangladeshi migrants are working all over the world. Yearly, migration from Bangladesh is about 0.3-0.4 million. In 2010, migration from Bangladesh was 3,90,702. Bangladeshi workers are mainly engaged in 143 countries of the world but about 90% of the migration takes place in the Middle East and Malaysia. Libya, Qatar Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Oman, Malaysia and Singapore are some of the major countries of destination”. (Bureau of Manpower Employment and Training, Bangladeh,2013)
Bangladesh is a land of labor migration. Over the centuries, people in this delta region have been mobile. Every year a lot of people migrate to abroad for their livelihood. Below the graph we can see the actual people who migrate to abroad especially, middle-eastern countries every year. (Bureau of Manpower Employment and Training, Bangladeh,2013)

Figure 1: Number of Bangladeshi Migrant People Economic Impacts of
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But these gains come at substantial social costs to the migrants and their families. Since many developing countries are also large recipients of international migrants, they also face job competition between migrant and native workers and integration of immigration. (Bureau of Manpower Employment and Training, Bangladeh,2013). But the overall impact of remittance made through migration lead to economic development. Adams & Page {cited in (Development-Ratha-GFMD, 2010)} argue that a cross-country study of 71 developing countries found that a 10 percent increase in remittance lead to 3.7 percent decline in
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