While poverty has been decreasing for many developing countries, poverty in Africa has been rising for the last forty years. Countries in Africa experience severe problems that are detrimental to its economy (Collier 16763). Zimbabwe, ranked one of the poorest African countries in the world, suffers from negative economic growth and worsening conditions of poverty (Alwang et al 1). Although poverty reduction was a top priority after British colonialism, efforts were ineffective and poverty continued to increase substantially. Economic decline in Zimbabwe derives from poor government policies and economic difficulties, such as droughts and the effects of implementing the Economic Structural Adjustment Program (ESAP) (3).
6. Results: Findings of previous research & studies Findings: Challenges affecting household ability to be food secure: Poverty, unemployment, inequality and food security are integrally linked. Hunger is strongly prevalent in households with little or no income. The majority KZN‟s poor are reliant on incomes to access food. However, the unprecedented levels of unemployment in South Africa combined with large number of “working poor” makes achieving food security challenging.
(Anon., 2014) What is the impact of poverty on South Africa? (According to “Hannah Cleveland” from “The Borgen Project”) The most common effect of poverty is malnutrition, as people living in poverty rarely have access to highly nutritious foods, nor the money in order to purchase food. One effect of poverty is the health effects that the people in poverty receive.
It is alarming to note that 45% of children who under the age of 5 die from poor nutrition food which is an astounding 3.1 million every year. 66 million children who attend primary school are hungry and 23 million of these children are in the sub-continent of Africa alone. Food production rate and methods are not able to cope up with the increase in the population. The world population in 2050 is expected to increase to 9 million so the production of food need to increase about 50 percent more to maintain the food needs of the population. Farmers and good farming methods are essential and have a vital and key role in the issue of hunger since they produce about 40 percent of the food we intake today.
The most vulnerable are children and ethnic groups in remote places. Literacy, health, and nutrition indicators of people living in remote areas are greatly lower than national averages, especially for women. According to the Lao Statistics Bureau, the Toumlan district in Xekong province and the Xepon district in Savannakhet province are the poorest districts in Laos. The people in those areas live in extreme poverty. Economy Laos lost nine-tenths of their currency's value against the US dollar in 1997 during the Asian currency crisis.
Ishak Shari (1996) defined poverty as a situation where a household cannot earn enough to cover a number of expenses of the minimum basic needs such as food, clothing, shelter and basic non-food necessities. The World Bank considers poverty as the marginalization from the fullness of life (World Bank, 2008). It is in term of material which is tightly linked with the lack of income and the lack of income usage (low consumption) in which both these factors run along with deficiency of food and poor living condition. The World Bank argues that a more precise definition of poverty and widely accepted is poverty related to human poverty caused by ill-health and low education status (causes and outcomes). Definitions of poverty really matter.
The $1.25 a day level is accompanied with some additional explanations and reasoning, including that it is a common level found amongst the poorest countries, and that $2.50 represents a typical poverty level amongst many more developing countries. HUNGER CONCEPT AND DEFINITION Hunger is a term which has three meanings o The uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food; craving appetite. Also the exhausted condition caused by want of food o The want or scarcity of food in a country o A strong desire or craving NUMBER OF HUNGY PEOPLE IN THE WORLD The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that about 795 million people of the 7.3 billion people in the world, or one in nine, were suffering from chronic undernourishment in 2014-2016. Almost all the hungry people, 780 million, live in developing countries, representing 12.9 percent, or one in eight, of the population of developing counties. There are 11 million people undernourished in developed countries.
How do we define poverty? According to dictionaries, poverty is “the state of being extremely poor”. But my definition of poverty is not having enough resources to be satisfied with your basic needs, like: shelter, food, clothing, water, health care and job. Poverty is like a disease, it is always spreading. According to the World Bank, more than 700 million people are living in extreme poverty (2).
The world is not perfect. Not everyone has enough food to prevent starvation, enough water to prevent dehydration, enough help from the government to take care of the country 's people, and not enough money to afford anything that is categorized as a necessity, or to shorten it, poverty. Poverty is defined as the state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support; condition of being poor (dictionary.com). A large percentage of Kenya 's population are living impoverished lives due to causes of the corruption within the government, terrible economy, diseases that affect a large amount of Kenya 's population, overpopulation, and natural disasters. The function, or purpose, of a government is to have a foreign
2.1.7 Trends of Poverty in Ghana At the individual and community level, methods for dealing with conditions of poverty varied across communities. They included seeking alternative employment, working harder, mortgaging property, selling assets, and reduction of meal, child labour, borrowing, begging, prostitution, and robbery (GPRSP, 2003-2005). Those in poverty and extreme poverty represent an under-class in society, which remains under-privileged, unrepresented and a prey to exploitation. Upper East, Upper West and Central regions showed the highest incidence of consumption poverty because of limited socio-economic facilities as Greater Accra showed the lowest incidence of poverty, although it had its share of pockets of extreme poverty.