Causes Of Sectarianism In Pakistan

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students who share and agree with the sectarian worldview. The government as well as religious scholars is concerned about the sectarianism imparted through madrassa education because of gory and unpleasant nature of sectarian violence in Pakistan. Extant research finds that madrassa products may not be well represented in the ranks of the observed Islamist militant groups in Pakistan; nor are they prominent among international terrorist organizations. One should not conclude that madrassas do not contribute t the sectarian problem .

2.1 Current Trends of Sectarianism and Militancy
Jihadi violence gradually increased in Pakistan in general and in Punjab in particular. Other
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Sectarian conflict in Gilgit Baltistan “is essentially a post-independence phenomenon ”. Sectarianism in GB is a product of some national and international happenings around the year 1979 which proved a watershed in the history of Pakistan in many respects as well as that of the GB which had been a model of peace, stability and cultural diversity. The Iranian revolution of 1979 highlighted sectarian strife in Pakistan. At the same time General Zia came to power in Pakistan and introduced Islamization in Pakistan. In the same year the erstwhile USSR invaded Afghanistan to convert it to its communist fold. All these factors contributed towards sectarian violence which resulted in three main sectarian conflicts in 1988, 2004 and…show more content…
The religion was exploited by the state that played a crucial role in the growth of militancy in Pakistan. The seminaries organized on sectarian lines served as hatcheries for sectarian strife and the growing role of religious parties in the country’s politics greatly strengthened the extremism in the country. Sectarian strife has been promoted through the platform from mosques, Imambargahs and especially through Friday sermons. The religious parties in politics have played a key role in providing legitimacy to military rules during which militancy has expanded its domain. Dr. Mohammad Waseem has explained four main categories of Islamic establishments which have greatly influenced the national profile of Pakistan . The religious groups in politics namely the JI, JUI, JUP and their splinter group — Sipah-i-Sahaba Pakistan and its offshoot LeJ had been associated with governments in power. They openly supported the Taliban chapters in Pakistan and Afghanistan

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