The activities of Osama bin Laden led to the gradual transformation of Islamic extremism Taliban terrorism, which left the country. Under the unified political and organizational beginning created the paramilitaries, a kind of terrorism, "Brigade", and the key coordinating role in this play led by bin Laden 's organization "Al Qaeda" and "World Front for Jihad", as well as the Taliban leadership. (Nasrawi 2004, np.). This is reflected in the financial and military support from Islamic organizations and movements in different countries and regions of the world - Bosnia, Kosovo, Chechnya, Uzbekistan, Kashmir, Xinjiang, etc. (Tucker 2010,
However, there were many instances in which the Cold War may have turned into a real war. Ronald Reagan and the Central Intelligence Agency proposed a program called Operation Cyclone. Ever since the USSR invaded Afghanistan with aims of installing pro-Soviet government, there were many insurgent groups, such as the Mujahideen, fighting Soviet troops.
This terrified the USSR 's leadership, who feared being surpassed by the USA. As a result, relations broke down very quickly, and soon a Second Cold War had started. Reagan 's approach to foreign policy also helped start the Second Cold War. The Reagan doctrine promoted containment of communism. This was made clear when Reagan declared that any Soviet advance on the Persian gulf would be met with a nuclear response.
This idea that one must work hard to establish personal success and to live a Godly life helped to encourage the development of capitalism as an economic structure. Meanwhile, in the Middle East and India, religious conflict was everywhere. After the Islamic leader, Muhammad, died, there formed a huge divide around who was to take his place. This divide ended up in the formation of two opposing groups within Islam – the Sunni and the Shi’ites. War broke out between the Sunni and Shi’ites after a Shi’ite leader claimed the title of Imam and began to establish Shia rule throughout the Middle East.
During the Cold War, hysteria in the U.S. ensued over the perceived threat of Communism. This mass hysteria became known as ‘The Red Scare’ due to Communist’s loyalty to the red flag. These fears were not totally unfounded, as the USSR had been spying inside America for a long time. The Red Scare became influential to world history by causing leaders to pass acts that would not have been passed otherwise that reduced the Communist Party to a shadow of its past self.. The Red Scare began after World War 2 had ended.
The war on Afghanistan saw as its trigger the attacks lead by the terrorist group, Al Qaeda, on the World Trade Center on the 11th of September 2001. At that time, an Islamic group called the Taliban controlled Afghanistan. This group started seizing power by force, and installed a strict interpretation of the Islamic law by forbidding women from getting an education amongst other things. In 1996, they welcomed Al Qaeda into their territory and allowed Osama Bin Laden to set up his organization’s headquarters office. The Taliban, with the help of Al Qaeda, had 90 percent of Afghanistan under its control.On September 11.
Competing perspectives and human decisions led to violent conflicts throughout the 20th century. By analyzing different perspectives of the countries that are blamed for starting Cold War and the ideologies that were imposed in the other countries. Two different political systems led to further conflicts of the Cold War. The Soviet Union during the Cold War was a communist country. Stalin wanted to expand the spirit of communism in the world.
“Deadly Embrace Pakistan, America and the future of the Global Jihad”, Bruce Riedal, published by The BROOKINGS INSTITUTION 1775 Masschusetts Avenue, N.W.,Washington DC 20036, ISBN: 978-0-8157-0557-4. Bruce Riedal is an American expert on security of US, South Asia and counter terrorism. He was also a former CIA analyst and counter terrorism expert. He also had been adviser to four US presidents. Currently, he is a senior fellow in Saban Centre for Middle Eastern policy at the Brookings Institution.
To begin with, Malala used a lot of pathos to convey her message. To start it off, she began by using pathos while explaining her life in Pakistan. An example of pathos she used was “The taliban threatened my father. Now I was afraid” (Malala 51). This caused the reader to feel worry for Malala’s father because
INTRODUCTION Geo Politics is defined as the impact created by a country on other neighbouring countries due to its Geopolitical position. This impact also affects the politics of the region as a whole. Pakistan is at a location which is of great importance in political ,strategic and economic sectors. It has been centre of activities of great powers since the start and has witnessed intervention of three great powers i.e Britain, USSR, and USA. Pakistan is located in Southern Asia and shares border with four countries which include India, Afghanistan, China and Iran all of which are of great importance in the international politics and play a major role in it.