From Africa to England, Equiano experienced and observed many different treatment forms. The treatment differed due to a variety of customs and cultures. Olaudah Equiano started slavery in Africa, his homeplace. His experience here was one for the better. In Africa, it was skeptical to hangout in the neighborhoods due to slave kidnappers.
Empowerment theory The empowerment theory owes its articulation to the woks of Freire (1973, 1998). According to Robbins et al (2012), the theory of empowerment draws a range of its ideas and key themes from economic and political theory, sociology, the social work tradition and liberation theology. It is grounded on the conflict perspective model and it endorses social activism and consciousness raising. The concept of critical consciousness is particularly essential for personal empowerment because it enlights people of the oppression and discrimination in their societies as well as its social and political impacts (Lee, 2007). Drawing from the understanding of Freire’s work, empowerment is vitally concerned with the structural barriers
The basic thrust of modern development scholarship and application returns to the essential notions of Africa’s inadequate characteristics (Andreasson, 2005). By disaggregating regions, we can better understand the diversity of thought, culture, language, or values within these regions, and thus address reverse-orientalism. In addition to this, historical phenomena that happened in the continent like slave trade and colonization have horribly affected its development. Thus whoever African thinkers and philosophers should understand and think about the basic problems and come to discussion to bring the solving mechanisms for wellbeing of Africa. As we have seen about the basic constraints of African development, we should find how we can minimize these problems and come solid mechanism to solve these problems.
While imprisoned in South Africa, he read Henry D. Thoreau 's essay on civil disobedience and, upon his release, used those techniques to begin the process of social change in South Africa. Later he would employ those strategies on a larger scale to remove the yolk of British oppression on the people of India, making himself into a civil rights hero. Gandhi began his journey to becoming a national hero in South Africa, then he uses what he learns there to fight the oppressive British authority through the salt march, his principles and actions through civil disobedience influence key figures that have helped shape history. Gandhi’s time spent in South Africa was an imperative chapter in his path to becoming a world famous social activist as well as leading India to a complete independence from the British. Shortly after he arrived in South Africa for his work as a lawyer, he visited a courthouse and was asked to take his turban off.
We need to understand the food insecurity in Africa. It is important to understand the context of the food system and its connections with the economic system in the African countries. Governments in Africa are usually focused on the improvement of the production; that principle ameliorates the quantity of food; but, not the quality. That kind of vision is unlikely. As aforementioned in the previous posts; Malnutrition is a common term that includes overnutrition and undernutrition.
Poverty in Africa is an important problem and as any other problem we need to study the causes and effects of poverty in order to be able to come up with the suitable solutions that can end the problem for good. Fighting poverty is one of Africa’s greatest challenges. Statistics in countries such as South Africa has been published that updates the poverty line definition by setting the minimum acceptable level in which we can indicate the poverty line. The poverty line is what defines the people that are suffering from poverty. There are 3 types of poverty line.
This is mainly because the Caribbean landscape bears a different environment and scope on the factors influencing poverty. The issue of poverty began in the colonial era with the institution of slavery, as persons were exposed to, and experienced social and economic inequality due to oppression faced by plantation owners (George, Beckford 1999, 4). Beckford (1999) posits that “the development possibilities in all countries are determined chiefly by institutional factors and this influenced growth factors such as resources, capital accumulation , human capital and technological change and in the Caribbean this is shaped by the plantation system” (p183). In fact, profits were repatriated to the core countries while the economies of the periphery countries declined (Beckford 1999 186
Aphra Behn 's exploration into Surinam and seeing their way of life and rich culture helped influence the creation of Oroonoko. Much of the novel has an in-depth relation to Surinam 's way of life and their social status. Behn creates a story that involves the very nature of Slavery during the 1640 's and the impact it had on their society. Throughout the novel, Oroonoko is tricked, lied and stripped of his rights as a human to serve as a prisoner in the slave trade. Despite the unique characteristics Oroonoko has, he is still considered to be a slave and must take drastic measures to protect his family.
Land Expropriation in South Africa Land expropriation refers to the state (both provincial and national government) that requires and reforms land to the benefit of the public, which in South Africa’s case is the government’s method of providing the homeless and landless with appropriate land. The threat to the South African economy however is that President Cyril Ramaphosa has promised land to poor black citizens without compensation. According to the current property clause, land may be expropriated without compensation if the reasons are just and equitable. Land that can be reformed includes farmland, residential properties and other assets such as bonds, stocks and intellectual property. On the 16th and 27th of February this year, the majority of parliament members voted to review and amend section 25 of the Constitution, which allows the state to expropriate white owned land without boundaries.
Social inequality has been a major issue in south Africa, both during the times of apartheid and post apartheid. Many of South Africa 's social inequalities are the results of a poor or lack of service delivery from the country 's state. Service delivery is a conventional South African phrase which is used to describe the providing of basic resources to the country citizens who depend on such forth a living. Basic resources include housing, water, sanitation and infrastructure. This essay will further discuss A) the meaning of social inequality in society, B) provide a discussion with examples of ways the South African state has bought about significant change or insignificant change in society, focusing mainly on racial inequality and housing inequalities and C) explain why the South African government has or has not bought about change to the lives of ordinary people in south Africa through the examination and analysis of the Marxist and elitists theories.