The situation becomes even tenser when children are involved, especially the ones who are dependent on parental resources like financial and emotional care. A correlational based study investigating the relationship between age, marital status and the way stress is perceived, conducted by Pološki Vokić (2008) revealed that marital status was among other affective factors on the perception of stress. To be more precise, married instructors suffered from higher level of occupational
Some scholars working in the field found no significant relationship between demographic factors like age or experience and the level of teaching stress experienced by instructors. For instance, Kyriacou and Sutcliffe (1979) in a study of 218 teachers from mixed comprehensive schools in England found no significant correlation between level of stress and age, length of experience and position held in school. Nevertheless, many others (Ameen, Guffey and Jackson 2010; Klassen and Chiu 2010; Powell and Ferraro 1960) argue that personal and environmental factors contribute to the level of stress perceived by teachers. For example, married teachers face huge amounts of responsibility and take the burden of keeping a balance between their job and family affairs. The situation becomes even tenser when children are involved, especially the ones who are dependent on parental resources like financial and emotional care.
Hence, stress comes when the body tries to respond to such threats. However, causes of stress are either due to good or bad experience. In addition, different studies show that stress can either be healthy or unhealthy to an individual depending on its type. Causes of Stress Notably, people of all ages experience stress. That is school children, working adults and the elderly as well.
If one of the family members suffers from stress, he or she will cause the entire family be affected. There are many kinds of family stress that will encounter within a family. Family stress may occur because of various reasons. The causes of family stress in each family are differ but sometimes there are similarities. Therefore, identifying what causes family stress can help us to deal with it more proactively and positively.
Professions as teachers is very challenging and can leads to stress among them. It is has been recognized that stress in this professions are a vital problems. Teaching profession comes with other roles and commitments to be made towards students, the community and the profession itself (Nurul Izzah et al, 2010). From the previous studies, it indicate that professions as a teachers is one of the most stressful job. Stress among teachers can leads to absenteeism, low motivation and low performances on the work.
Career choices, on the other hand, are catered in vocational counselling or guidance and career counselling. Another form of counselling is the personal/social. It deals with emotional distress and behavioural difficulties which would usually arise when an individual struggles to deal with changes and developments. It is inevitable that any aspect of development needs adjustment problem but at times this may lead to some bigger challenges that need immediate intervention of some counsellors. Some of these challenges are anxiety over career choices, interpersonal conflicts which led to unmanageable anger, insecurities, depression, guilt and remorse, and grief.
Moreover, occupational stress has been directly related to psychological and emotional disorders, such as depression and anxiety (Health and Safety Executive, 2007b), especially within caring professions like nursing and social work (Jones, Huxtable & Hodgson, 2016). Stress in social work students. For social work students, professional education and training, which combine both academic and professional requirements, may evoke higher level of pressure than ‘traditional’ academic programs (Dziegliewski et al., 2004). On the other hand, as cultural differences may give rise to clashes in their expectations, oversea students must need more time and energy for greater adjustments and adaptation (Akgun & Ciarrochi, 2003). Perceived stress can exaggerate along with lack of the necessary language
In a workplace there are several kinds of employees who are working with each other in different circumstances. Thus, it can lead to stress for the employees, which is illustrated as any stimulus that upsets or impedes the typical physiologic equilibrium of an individual. In simpler language, stress is the consequence of something emotional, physical, communal, and financial or other factors that necessitate a reaction or alter. Basically, the stress can be identified as the physical as well as emotional strains and the reason behind this is to pressure from the outside environment or the world. It is mostly believed that some kind of stress are beneficial, however; when stress takes place in amounts that cannot be handled, it can lead to
Many researchers found that parents who teach their children about self control can see more benefits in them throughout their working life. Self control among the student reduced when parents do not perform their parenting task like emotional attachment, monitoring of behavior and analyzing of behavior (Gottfedson&Hirschis 1990). Self control is not stable it get increase with age (Mitchell&Mackenzie 2006). Self control also helps to manage motivational conflicts (Baumeister&Vohs 2007). By demonstrating the benefits of self control will help the students to increase their self control.
Fear of negative evaluation: defined by Horwitz and Young as the fear and worry of the individual about what others think of him and misjudge his behavior .Students fear of negative evaluation in any classroom situation where they are evaluated by the teacher. Anxious students already have some expectations that their peers will evaluate them negatively so they become sensitive in any evaluative situation. Although the learning process requires a regular evaluation, it resembles to test anxiety because it’s not limited to specific situation. Test anxiety can manifest also in social cases as an interview for a job, in the same context MacIntyre and Gardner (1991) suggested that fear of negative evaluation is related to communicative apprehension because when students are not sure of what they will say by worrying about making mistakes in front of their peers as consequence they don’t participate