Ever since 9/11, the US has been witnessing a lot of challenges that are threatening the US’ power and security. As the author “Glenn P Hasted T” mentioned in the “Global Context” reading, terrorism is the main threat for the US. Terrorism has existed since the beginning of time, as a tool to intimidate a political figure, a state, or even used by states to terrorize its own people. Yet, we have witnessed an influx of terrorist groups since the cold war and even after it ended. Besides, a global war on terror has waged during the Bush Doctrine directly after the attack of 9/11.
The Kenyan Bombing issue evolved into a broader issue over time, creating polarization between opposite sides due to the complex pre-existing history and relations in the area. Slowly, America was portrayed around the globe as the new Soviet Union, engulfing nation states for their own benefit and spitting them back out in worse shape than before. The solutions to the issue of terrorism involved intrusive military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan and the surrounding areas to flush out the problem. Through the lenses of military, government and politics, the Kenyan bombings marked a turning point in the American foreign policy agenda. Not only did the issue of terrorism increase significantly from that point, legitimacy in the American government was weakened, evocative of early 1970 's America after Nixon 's Watergate
Technology associated with globalization has enabled terrorist groups to conduct operations that are more lethal, dispersed, and challenging to combat than previously discovered. Terrorism leads to instability in an international system and causes fear to spread throughout these areas. Terrorist attacks are intended to apply sufficient pressures to a government so that it grants political concessions, but it results in economic losses and destroys relationships among nations in the international structure. Although the motives of terrorists may differ, their actions follow a standard pattern with terrorist incidents assuming a variety of forms: airplane hijackings, kidnappings, assassinations, threats, bombings, and suicide attacks. Terrorism severely damages state substructure like transportation networks or financial institutions, and weakens assurance in the state 's ability to defend its citizens.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Terrorism can be defined as violence or the threat of violence, especially bombing, kidnapping, and assassination, carried out for political purposes Microsoft® Encarta® 2009. © 1993-2008 In the United Kingdom, for example, legislation titled Terrorist Act 2000 states that terrorism is “the use or threat of action . . . designed to influence the government or to intimidate the public or a section of the public .
On the one hand, situation in these countries adversely affect Pakistan and on the other hand, injustice, political immaturity, educational disparity are arguably factors responsible for terrorism in Pakistan. Pakistan has been the victim of this cumbersome problem along with other issues. The wave of terrorism was initiated in America’s proxy war against USSR in which Pakistan played a vital role and supported “freedom fighters.” ("A Freedom Struggle Is Not Terrorism."). Soon after that Pakistan became the victim for supporting these “freedom fighters”. Following the event of 9/11 episode, U.S launch international war on terrorism in Pakistan’s neighborhood (Afghanistan).
The Western hegemony and the so-called Muslim rage against Western civilization. • The terrorist attacks of 9/11 and the war on terror: the revival of Huntington’s clash rhetoric through the Bush doctrine and the wakeup call, Al-Qaeda’s jihad against the new crusaders and the invasion of Iraq. • The rise of the Islamic State and how its atrocities are perceived in the Islamic and the Arab world. The radicalization of new elements within Islamic jihadist and radical groups coupled with the vacuum created after the deposition of Saddam Hussein, has indeed contributed in disrupting the region and in setting the basis for a new wave of international terrorism • Arab Spring: the socioeconomic and political reasons for the uprising. Did Islamists and radical Islam hijack the Arab Spring?
One of the largest concerns of the modern world has become the war on terrorism and the prevention of terroristic attacks. With the recent growth of the number of attacks committed by the terrorists and the number of their victims, this issue has become one of the central problems in the globalized world. The issue has been widely discussed after the attack of 9/11 in the USA. Referring to this destructive event, it has contributed to the establishment of the United States as the main adversary of the terrorism all over the world. However, in a world that is more and more subjected to the influence of globalization, there was a large shift.
An act of violence is a terrorist has a psychological impact on a society and its people or a specific segment thereof, in terms of angst and terror, far exceeds its material consequences, which is, intentionally caused physical damage to persons or things. Thus, people who initiate or carry out terrorism and seek to affect the attitudes and behaviours of rulers or ruled. Often it perpetrated systematically and unpredictably, usually directed against targets equipped with some symbolic relevance in their respective cultural environments and institutional frameworks. Whites often opportunity, impairment or destruction which are used to transmit messages and give credibility to any threats made , which makes terrorism an extremist propaganda method both as social control. It can be practiced by very different actors and with much different purposes, among which are those of a political nature.
Introduction: Terrorism is a phenomenon unfortunately becoming a regular occurrence in multiple countries globally and has a direct impact on society as a whole. It impacts the whole world in multiple ways. These impacts can leave long term effects on some countries inhabited or under the control of terrorists. If not controlled, terrorism can also negatively impact the global severely economy. Throughout this paper I will explore the effect of terrorism globally.
A simple act of terrorism can cause tensions to break between two countries, as seen with Israel and Palestine conflicts due to religious beliefs and territory disputes. Among the various potential threats are wars with neighbouring countries, missile attacks on cites, biological and chemical terrorism, suicide bombings, and hostage taking. There are many ways to combat terrorism. First, would be an international team that is always on call to respond to terrorist threats, and retrieve hostages with minimal loss of life. The second is gun control, which would limit the weapons accessed by potential terrorists.