Meaning and Definition of Cold War The term cold war stands for hostile and tense international relations between the USA and the USSR and is an outcome of the post world war politics. It expressed itself through ideological hatred, political distrust, diplomatic manoeuvring, military competition, espionage, psychological warfare and bitter relations. Cold War was a peace-time war fought without weapons. It was based on ideological hatred and political distrust. Both the sides tried to humiliate each other and reduce their sphere of influence.
To examine the Cold War consensus, one must discuss the Cold War. The Cold war was the tension between the United States, standing for capitalism, and the USSR, standing for totalitarianism and socialism, following World War II. Although it was not a physical war between the two superpowers, many proxy wars had came out of it as way to spread or combat communism throughout the Free World. The Free World, as the U.S. came to define it, did not necessarily mean free as countries were being ruled by military regimes and dictatorships, but free from communism(70). During the Cold War, the spread of communism frighted the American People.
Joseph Stalin had also used communism while Mussolini used fascism. While totalitarianism did create a united state, we need to study totalitarianism to prevent it from happening again because it causes many problems, extreme conflict, and it can lead to wars. Fascism first began in the 19th century. Fascism is a form
For many years, The Cold War was the issue of a fierce debate regarding who or what exactly was the reason that caused it. On this subject, there are three schools of thought: the traditionalists, the revisionists and the post-revisionists. The traditionalists blame Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union’s expansionist and violent diplomacy for being the starters of the war. “Besides violating the agreements made at the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Stalin completely disregarded the United Nations because he intended to expand and dominate his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.” (Nye 118). The revisionists kept insisting on blaming the American expansionism rather than the Soviet Union’s wish to spread communism into Eastern Europe.
The First reason was to boost the Soviet Union's power, threatening the U.S. with nuclear attack from the Caribbean and the second reason was to bolster the Soviet Union's Bargaining position in its attempts to force West Berlin to join East Germany. Russia was a communist country and had a goal to expand communism throughout central Europe, but the U.S was a democratic country and the goal of the U.S was to stop the spread of communism. So the USSR had to take action, after the fall of Fulgencio Batista and the rise of Fidel Castro’s campaign for Cuba to be a communist country, they became allies and with the help of Cuba, the USSR were able to transport Middle-ranged Ballistic Missiles for an all out attack on the US. But American actions perhaps suggested a way out for Khrushchev. In 1962 American Jupiter missiles were in Turkey, which were in range to attack soviet targets.
These new policies led to even further weakening of the Soviet Union, economically and politically and as a result there were revolutions against the communist governments of many of the Warsaw Pact alliance member (Doyle, 1996). By viewing NATO as an institution, it is clear that NATO was able to win the Cold War because it’s member states believed in achieving a common goal even if it meant giving up on their individual state needs or goals. While the member states of NATO
‘’Truman was to blame for the outbreak of the cold war. How far do you agree with this statement?’’ The Cold War was a period of great tension between the United States of America and the Soviet Union, which were the two ‘superpowers’ that resulted from World War II. Although many believe that the ‘ideology clash’ between these two countries was the cause of the outbreak of the Cold War, many factors were involved. It would be impossible to summarize all of them in a text, since there are dozens, maybe even hundreds of small factors and events that affected the relations between these two countries, so this essay will concentrate on some of the ‘main’ causes of the cold war, at least according to historical resources. Defining the start date of the cold is a difficult thing to do: Some say it started even before World War II, after the Munich Agreement
The red Scare was like the salem witch trials. Communism and Socialism have had a bad effect on the Twentieth Century. These forms of governments have challenged the beliefs of other governments. They have created conflict and controversy. However, these two forms of governments are influential in the fact that they have played a valuable role in shaping modern day politics.Communism was responsible for the red scare and the cold war.
The Soviet response to the Marshall Plan became known as the Zhdanov Doctrine. This doctrine supposed that American imperialists were trying to conquer the world and end the spread of democracy. It also claimed the Soviet Union’s goals were to eliminate imperialism and support democracy. It was no secret that the Soviet Union was, in fact, attempting to claim all of Europe for mother Russia. Thus sparked a Cold War that would last for decades.
The phrase “soviet nationalism” is well known to be an oxymoron, as the Soviet Union had always been foremost a Marxist state (Marxism labels nationalism a "bourgeois phenomenon”). Stalin, naturally a Marxist, initially attempted to thwart competition between the contrasting ideologies of nationalism and Marxism within the Russian Empire after the triumph of the October Revolution in 1917, harshly suppressing nationalist movements within the Soviet Union’s borders. However, nationalist ideology gained popularity in surrounding countries and among other world powers until it emerged as an external threat, especially in the form of Hitler's Nazi Germany. In order to combat the Nazi threat, Stalin was forced to sow the seeds of nationalism within Russia. Most famously, he turned World War II into a "Great Patriotic War" for "Mother Russia," an idea that stood in total opposition to traditional Marxist ideology.