Justify your answer and explore ideas when and how it could have been avoided. The opposed history of the Cold War was always one of its most significant ideological battlefields. The questions about the real reasons and conflicts behind the war were and are remain negotiable. Did the Grand Alliance collapse after the war because of Soviet interventionism or because of the US and European aggressive attitude toward Russians? Did Stalin pursue post-war protection or control of Europe?
Since both states wanted either economic or territorial expansions, they were bound to come into conflict. Their conflicting interests and opposing ideologies also was a sort of approach that made the Cold War inevitable. Although the U.S. and the Soviet Union were wartime allies, their ideologies and geopolitical goals were always in conflict with each other. Once the war against Germany was won, Russia wanted spoils for basically winning the war for the rest of the Allies, while the U.S. wanted to establish open international economic and political systems. This difference made it inevitable for the Soviet Union and the United States to engage in Cold War.
However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Soon after the Germans’ defeat, Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of a Russian plan to control the world. In addition, President Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere. In such a hostile atmosphere, it almost seemed like the Cold War was inevitable. It wasn’t a typical war in the sense that it didn’t have traditional warfare or an abundance of casualties; instead, the Cold War was a subtle battle of control between the United States and Russia.
Tension existed between the Soviet Union and the West as far back as 1885 during the Panjdeh incident. At this time the competition between Britain and Russia in Afghanistan was great and war appeared imminent. Furthermore, after the First World War, the Allies immediately supported the anti-Bolshevik White movement during the Russian Civil War, laying the groundwork for high tensions between the Soviet Union and the West for the next one hundred years. When Joseph Stalin came into power, he enormously elevated these tensions through his take over of Eastern Europe, which the West saw as an attempt to spread Communism. Indeed, by 1949 all Eastern European governments, except that of Yugoslavia, were run by hard-line Stalinist regimes, causing a great amount of fear in the Capitalist world as they saw Communism as threatening every aspect of their society.
People think they should have more power and start wars with other countries. For example the First World War. This war happened because people wanted more power and therefore it was partly caused by Nationalism. Conclusion: To conclude my findings, I think we can say the long-term effects of Nationalism are both negative and positive. As I explained, people want more power and started wars with other countries.
The Cold War soon begins after the end of WW2 when Truman, the successor of Roosevelt became president in 1945 due to ideological differences between the two superpowers, United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War had a massive impact on US politics as could be seen through the creation of political consensus between the Republican and Democrats in relation to the policy of containment that includes the Marshall plan, the establishment of the NATO, the NSC-68 report and also the Truman Doctrine as the response of George Kennan’s containment theory, which caused US politics to be specifically targeted at the Soviet Union. While there are political consensus to contain Communism, the Cold War had primarily polarised politics when McCarthy
In his “Moscow and the Marshall Plan”, published in 1994, Geoffrey Roberts seems to have combined his research interests by writing about the origins of the Cold War and particularly the role of the USSR in it. To be more precise, he argues that the ideological shift within the Soviet Union after the World War II with the following misinterpretation of the U.S. foreign policy in general and the Marshall Plan in particular led to the USSR “embarking on its Cold War” (Roberts 1381; italics added); i.e. since “Soviet ideology, like any other, was more than a set of beliefs”, but “a language of political communication” (1382), it influenced the USSR’s reception of the Marshall Plan and led to the eventual estrangement of the two superpowers and, finally, to the Cold War. He also argues that prior to 1947 both sides – the USSR, as well as the USA – were trying to cooperate and coexist peacefully with each other (Roberts 1382).Thus, as well as Leffler, Roberts does not seem to believe in the inevitability of the Cold War proceeding only from the mutual exclusiveness of the USA’s and the USSR’s ideological natures from the very beginning. Yet, as already mentioned, the author claims that ideology was the main reason why the Soviet Union did eventually launch the conflict.
In the aftermath of World War II, growing tensions and rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union resulted in the Cold War. Having lasted for much of the second half of the 20th century, this state of economical, political and propaganda-based confront, with a lack of military conflict and open hostility, is considered a turning point in modern history. The root cause of the conflict was fundamentally the belief in completely opposing ideologies. The confrontation between capitalism and communism led to an international power struggle that left the world on the brink of disaster. To counter Soviet geopolitical hegemony in the context of the Cold War, Harry S. Truman, President of the United States, developed the Truman Doctrine,
Cold War Legacies What were the main effects of the Cold War on the world and humanity? The cold war stemmed from a deep rivalry between superpowers America and the Soviet Union. Escalated by a lack of trust from each party and threats of nuclear warfare the cold war affected the security of the whole world and humanity. The main effects of the cold war are often seen as ‘legacies’ left by the war, and are most evident in international systems, politics, economics, warfare, and the failure of human rights. The cold war resulted in a change of international systems.
The end of World War Two resulted in a power struggle for ideological world dominance between the United States, who were convinced that post war world desired democracy, and the Soviet Union, who saw the postwar period as an opportunity to expand their idea of communism. Having observed the power and impact of propaganda as utilized by the Nazis in Germany, both countries developed numerous methodologies to spread their message and create a fear of the ‘other’ and support for their ideological views of the world. This result in what became known as the Cold War, in which both countries utilized indoctrination through education, which became a legitimized practice adopted by both nations (Hope, 2011). Because of the genuine threat of nuclear