In 1962 American Jupiter missiles were in Turkey, which were in range to attack soviet targets. With both sides well armed and ready to strike, America realised that they would be in an all out nuclear war against Russia, this must be avoided for this would escalate the war making it a hot war. After both Kennedy and the soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev had a long negotiation, an agreement was reached between Kennedy and Khrushchev. Publicly, the Soviets would disarm their Ballistic missiles in Cuba and return
So United States had to change their policy in to Mutual Deterrence. This variation is representable one, because this one is a main policy during the rest of Cold War. This variation as known as ‘Mutually Assured Destruction’. This variation appeared with incensement of Soviet Union’s nuclear weapons. This variation’s definition is ‘Military theory of nuclear deterrence holding that neither side will attack the other if both sides are guaranteed to be totally destroyed in the conflict’.
Meaning and Definition of Cold War The term cold war stands for hostile and tense international relations between the USA and the USSR and is an outcome of the post world war politics. It expressed itself through ideological hatred, political distrust, diplomatic manoeuvring, military competition, espionage, psychological warfare and bitter relations. Cold War was a peace-time war fought without weapons. It was based on ideological hatred and political distrust. Both the sides tried to humiliate each other and reduce their sphere of influence.
The Soviet Afghanistan War began in 1979 between the Mujahedeen and the Soviet supported Afghan government. This was set in motion in 1978 when the Soviet Union assisted a group in Afghanistan in a communist takeover. The Soviets established the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan as the new communist government. This new government was very unpopular among the Afghan people. Jimmy Carter was the current president at the time in the United States.
For many years, The Cold War was the issue of a fierce debate regarding who or what exactly was the reason that caused it. On this subject, there are three schools of thought: the traditionalists, the revisionists and the post-revisionists. The traditionalists blame Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union’s expansionist and violent diplomacy for being the starters of the war. “Besides violating the agreements made at the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Stalin completely disregarded the United Nations because he intended to expand and dominate his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.” (Nye 118). The revisionists kept insisting on blaming the American expansionism rather than the Soviet Union’s wish to spread communism into Eastern Europe.
The story of the movie was about a crazy United States Air Force General, who wanted to start a nuclear attack on the Soviet Union. This nuclear attack was not ordered by the president of the United States and his advisors. Dr. Strangelove was directed by a famous American film producer named Stanley Kubrick. Stanley Kubrick was one of the greatest American contributors to the cinema in the 20th century. He directed
In choosing Hitler and Churchill, two totally opposite leaders, Roberts examines the phenomenon of political and military leadership. He also looks at the way Hitler and Churchill estimated each other as leaders and how it affected the outcome of the conflict. Roberts mainly had made use of the speeches by Hitler and Churchill but how propaganda shaped the trajectory of these two leaders is not dealt with. The visual propaganda is generally missing adding to the non-academic connotation to the posters and caricatures. Similarly, Peter John opines that Adolf Hitler and Churchill clashed for years in public and their opinions of each other and feuding helped determine the course of the Second World War.
This core concern led to other apparent reasons such as the national security against the Soviet expansion. “the Cold War was no more than a mixture of religious crusades in favour of one ideology or the other, and of the most ruthless power politics, striking out for advantage or expansion not only in Europe but all over the world” (Larkin, P132). Therefore, if we consider the time line at that period, the great powers structure and international relations, we can conclude that the actions following to World War II such as the deviations in the global centers of power, the arms industry, the role of political authority inside and amongst states, the unstable economy, and relations between the developed and developing nations, unavoidably led to the Cold War. So, the elements for a Cold War occurred long before 1945. To condense my answer, there is not single certain cause or era of the Cold War, thus the inescapability of the Cold War shows a multifaceted argument.
Another reason why America was aggressive is because for example, when there was a meeting on what action the US should take against Cuba and USSR, three out of the four proposals were ones that could probably cause another war. One of the proposals was to destroy the Soviet missiles in Cuba by an airstrike, which is a very intense act. Furthermore, another reason why I agree with Cuba’s point of view, is because America was unfair with its ‘regulations’ with Cuba. Castro was not allowed to keep Soviet missiles in his land, because Kennedy stated that it was a threat to the security of the US. While on the other hand, the US had all the nuclear power to fire at Cuba at any time without any conditions.
The Soviet response to the Marshall Plan became known as the Zhdanov Doctrine. This doctrine supposed that American imperialists were trying to conquer the world and end the spread of democracy. It also claimed the Soviet Union’s goals were to eliminate imperialism and support democracy. It was no secret that the Soviet Union was, in fact, attempting to claim all of Europe for mother Russia. Thus sparked a Cold War that would last for decades.