At the end of the Civil War between the North and South arose the Reconstruction era. This was a time period of the late 1800s where the united states, specifically the North started to attempt the rebuilding of the South. Abolitionists were eager to see the end of slavery and Lincoln attempted to end slavery. President Lincoln attempted to put in place the Emancipation Proclamation which stated all slaves in confederate states would be free. This was to weaken the southern states; except, the confederate states did not obey.
The Civil War changed the future of the United States. The war began as a struggle to preserve the Union, but not a struggle to free the slaves, and many in the North and South felt that the conflict would decide both issues at last. Many slaves escaped to the North in the early years of the war, and several Union generals established abolitionist policies in the Southern land that they conquered. Congress passed laws permitting the seizure of slaves from the property of rebellious Southerners. On September 22, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln presented the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
In the three decades leading up to the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, the abolitionist movement, through direct actions and sentiment against slavery, sowed radical reactionary responses across the southern slave states. While the actions and views of abolitionists did not reflect the widespread or majority opinion of the free states, the reciprocal effect of the abolitionist propaganda and violent actions led to greater polarization in America over the topic of slavery and its expansion. Additionally, the various actions performed by the northern based abolitionist created an aura of fear and paranoia amongst the ruling slaveholding political elite in the south who increasingly saw the actions as an attack on the southern slave
Even as the war proceeded, he was reluctant to make the decision because he feared that it might bring about more chaos than the current state of the United States during the Civil War. In his paper, professor Krug wrote, “Lincoln issued the Proclamation primarily from military necessity and that he was influenced little, if at all, by considerations of justice, freedom and morality”. At this point of the war, it was clear that the Union needs more manpower and constituents’ support. Furthermore, a boost in morale among the African American population was abundant in the effort to fight against the Confederate which is the motivation for President Lincoln to produce the
The flag of the Confederacy was also another symbol of Southern Nationalism. “The Confederate government quickly became for the South, the successor to the federal government at Washington. A flag, the “ Stars and Bars,” was adopted for the new republic after a study by a committee that concluded that keeping the United States “Stars and Stripes” would be impractical and unpatriotic.” Southerners feared that white supremacy was in danger and feared slave rebellions. This was heightened by national events like John Brown’s Raid. This unified the South against the abolition of slavery
From the 1600s, African Americans were treated as slaves for white people. They had a very difficult life in their way of living. In 1861 the north were against having slaves, but the south wanted to allow slavery. Then the Civil War between the North and South began. Finally, the North won, and the slaves became free.
Essay Revision Wendell Phillips speech was delivered during a time before equality was in existence. As people’s race played a crucial factor in society. During 1861 when the Civil War was in its beginning stages the Northerners were debating weather to allow African Americans to serve in the military. As that made sense to some since the whole point of the civil war was to abolish slavery in the South and obviously many African Americans wanted to fight for that ending goal, but others debated that using African Americans could put their army in jeopardy as they had no experience. Event though this was a conflict between abolitionist people who were strongly for abolishing slavery in the United States some Northerners were still hesitant in trusting Blacks as there was still racism.
The result was the issuing of the “Emancipation Proclamation.” Despite the fact that it merely freed the slaves in the states of the Confederacy where the Union had no power, leaving the institution of slavery untouched in the border states still loyal to the Union, satisfied the demands of blacks and abolitionists at least for the moment. The great value of the Proclamation, besides building support among blacks and abolitionists, was that it brought fear, chaotic despair and deprived the Confederacy of much of its valuable black laboring force. Another aspect of the Emancipation Proclamation was its effect in helping to promote the Draft Riots, which occurred throughout the North in 1863. In July of 1863 produced a violent four-day uprising in New York City in which as many as 100 people died.  White workers, who in the first place were fearful of the competition of blacks for almost non-existent jobs, were not increasingly angry at being drafted to fight a war (especially when the rich could buy their way out of having to serve) which would free more blacks to come north to compete for
After the Union won the Civil War, slaves were given freedom, but African Americans were not completely free. President Andrew Johnson had very lenient policies for Reconstruction after the Civil War, which allowed southerners from the Confederate states to enact restrictive laws against blacks. These laws were called “Black Codes”, and were primarily designed to restrict African Americans’ labor and activity even though slavery had already been abolished. The Black Codes took away rights from African Americans that were guaranteed to them by the Fourteenth Amendment. For example, some states had laws that required African Americans to sign labor contracts each year and if they refused, they could be arrested, fined, or forced to work without pay.
Racism’s Impact on Reconstruction While the issue of slavery evidently contributed to the divide that resulted in the American Civil War, it is debated whether prevailing ideals of racism caused the failure of the era following the war known as Reconstruction. With the abolishment of slavery, many of the southern states had to reassemble the social, economic, and political systems instilled in their societies. The Reconstruction Era was originally led by a radical republican government that pushed to raise taxes, establish coalition governments, and deprive former confederates of superiority they might have once held. However, during this time common views were obtained that the South could recover independently and that African Americans
During the war, the South tried to bring the political power under the control of a single authority. Southerners had long opposed a strong central government. Throughout the war, some find it difficult to cooperate with officials of both the Confederacy, and their own states and cities. States rights supporters back the war, but opposed the draft of other actions needed to carry out. The Battle of Bull Run was a battle against South Carolina and the Union of Confederacy.
This is a key provision in getting this amendment accepted. People like Senator Charles Sumner and Representative Thaddeus Stevens demanded civil and political equality. They weren’t taking no for an answer. In March 1867, congress overturned Johnson’s state government and initiated military rule in the south. The military reconstruction act basically forced the southern states to begin to accept that black people had equal rights as they did.
Lincoln issued the emancipation proclamation on January 1st, 1863, for several reasons. Blacks were leaving the plantations and the institution of slavery was falling apart. Another factor was the war was not going well for the Union since the confederates were great soldiers. Their troops had physical courage on the battlefield, their commander was very skilled, and the confederated were inferior in military technology. In addition, the British were taking steps to help support the Confederacy.
During this time, the U.S. was split into two sections, the majority of the southern states had seceded from the United States, banding together as their own country known as the Confederate States of America who were fighting the war to keep slavery legal. The northern states maintaining their commitment to the United States were fighting the war to end slavery. The Transcontinental Railroad was going to open up the territories west of the the Missouri River and allow the creation of more free states. Fearing the loss of influence of slave states, the congressional representatives of the south opposed the railroad on financial grounds. Therefore, in 1862, with the commencement of the Civil War, the legislative representatives of the southern states resigned their congressional positions.
The confederate flag originated during the Civil War and was a symbol of the confederacy, the losing side of the war. While much has been said on what exactly was the cause of the Civil War, most historians agree slavery was the one issue which compelled it. Southerners feared government regulation of slavery and saw the outlawing of slavery as a sign that it would soon end in the south. However, the war was not exactly fought over racial inequality. (The north wanted working class white citizens to work, and if slavery continued to be allowed they would be unable to compete with the slaves.)