The Crusades were expeditions done by the Roman Catholic Church in alliance with Middle-Age Kingdoms and Empires. There were a total of nine Crusades during the period of 1095 to 1291, led by Saladin, Richard I "the Lionheart" of England, Pope Urban II, Frederick I the Holy Roman Emperor, etc. At first, the Crusades were a way to fight back the Muslims for their conquest of Jerusalem. The idea of the Crusade was a very good marketing strategy by Pope Urban II. It was told that any Crusader would be rewarded a place in heaven, and forgiven their sins.
In July 1509, the Venetian Senate enlisted the Ottomans for military help against France. They had a trading relationship as well. Many accusations and criticism were faced by the Venetians as a result of allying with the Ottomans. In addition, France and the Ottomans shared a mutual enemy, the Habsburgs. As a result, it was King Francis I who assisted Ottomans in expanding to the Habsburgs.
Heraclius was in Constantinople in 629 BCE, where he issued a law. Heraclius and Shahrbaraz agreed on new borders. Heraclius came as the victor into the county. The Jews surrendered and ask for his protection under Benjamin of Tiberias leadership. Benjamin accompanied Heraclius on his way to Jerusalem.
Urban was saying that the war was to guarantee the safety of pilgrims on their pilgrimage to the Holy Land, which Muslims had taken over. The First Crusade resulted in the Roman Catholic Church retaking Jerusalem. The Second Crusade was started as a response of the County of Edessa, a state made by the First Crusade, falling by the forces of the Islamic leader Zengi. This Crusade was created by Pope
Constantine also enacted several laws which appear to be based in Christian faith, many of which are still visible in modern society. Another achievement of Constantine was the foundation of the city of Constantinople, which essentially transferred the worlds Metropolis at that time from the Italian peninsula to the borders of Europe and Asia, thereby establishing it as the Eastern capital of the Roman Empire (cite). Interestingly, he was the first Roman emperor to allegedly convert or eventually transition to Christianity. The intent of this paper is to explore Constantine’s achievements and the effects that those achievements have had on history and modern day Christianity as we know it today. One of Constantine’s most important contributions which initially legitimized Christianity as a religion was the Edict of Milan.
A series of religious wars known as The Crusades, occured between the 11th and 16th centuries and were sanctioned by the Latin Church.Pope Urban II wanted war against the Muslim forces in the Holy Land. There was campaigns conducted in the East Mediteranean with the goal of capturing Jerusalem from Islamic rule during that
The Crusades were a series of revolutionary movements that started in the 11th century between Christians and Muslims. The Crusades marked the first time when many believers left their homes and their lives to carry their religious and cultural beliefs to other parts of the world. The Crusades involved a combination of religious interests and military enterprises. The Christian Europeans were eager to conquer the Holy Land of Jerusalem. The purpose of the Crusades was to take control of Jerusalem away from the Muslims.
It was a temple dedicated to all the gods. The building caught fire twice before being completely rebuilt in 125 AD by Emperor Hadrian. It is suspected that the second re-building of the Pantheon was designed by Hadrian. In 608 the Pantheon was handed over to Pope Boniface IV by the Byzantine emperor Phocas. It then became a Christian church.
Why did Venice leave the Holy League in 1513 to join France? The Holy League, which consisted of the Holy Roman Empire, the Papal States, Spain, Venice, and Milan, had a complicated relationship with the French throughout the late 15th and early 16th centuries (Britannica.com). This complicated relationship began when Ludovico Sforza of Milan, convinced Charles VIII of France to invade Italy. Ludovico was convinced that the current rulers of Naples were very power hungry and they were going to try and take over Milan and/or take over the other neighboring city states. However, when Charles VIII invaded and took control of Naples in 1494, he realized how wealthy and beautiful Naples was and he now wanted to take over the other Italian city-states.
some of us know, the Crusades is not something that we enjoy discussing, but they were a big part of religious history. The Crusades were what the pope called “holy wars or expeditions,” that knights or people of their religion went on to gain control over holy land. Each Crusade had a social, economic, and/or political goal and aimed for one land at a time. The pope even exclaimed that if you went on a Crusade that you were assured a place in heaven. These Crusades, or “holy wars”, were driven by religious faith within varieties of religion like Muslims and Christians.