The Pope made his decision public at the 1095 Council of Clermont in Southern France where he raised the proposal for all able Western Christians to raise arms to aid the Byzantines. As a result, a massive Christian force came into existence, uniting the Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches under one common goal: retake the Holy Land from the Muslim inhabitants (History.com staff,
The Crusades were expeditions done by the Roman Catholic Church in alliance with Middle-Age Kingdoms and Empires. There were a total of nine Crusades during the period of 1095 to 1291, led by Saladin, Richard I "the Lionheart" of England, Pope Urban II, Frederick I the Holy Roman Emperor, etc. At first, the Crusades were a way to fight back the Muslims for their conquest of Jerusalem. The idea of the Crusade was a very good marketing strategy by Pope Urban II. It was told that any Crusader would be rewarded a place in heaven, and forgiven their sins.
Introduction For nearly 200 years, Christians engaged in a series of holy wars with the Muslims in what is now known as the Crusades. The First Crusade is marked by a specific act on November 27, 1095. In an open field, outside the city of Clermont in Auvergne, Pope Urban II gave an impassioned speech to the people gathered. In this speech, Urban II urged his hearers to take part in a military expedition to the East. As a result, the mighty papal-sanctioned armies captured Edessa, Antioch and Jerusalem.
History of Byzantine Empire The term Byzantine is derived from Byzantium that was a colony of Greek established by a person called Byzas. The empire was located on the Bosporus region in Europe thus serving as a trade route to Asia. It was the extension of the Roman Empire since most of the Roman practices were incorporated into this kingdom. Following the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD the Byzantine Empire was born to survive for 1000 years before the Turks conquered it in 1453 AD. Its capital was Constantinople a name derived from Emperor Constantine.
The word Crusade means a religious war. The citizens of England were told the Turks were hurting and keeping Christians from pilgrimages to the holy land by Pope Urban ll, there was little hesitation, Christians were going to take back the Holy land for God. In “Capture of the Christian ‘Navel of the World’” we get a first-hand experience of the siege of Jerusalem. So, why did the Author write this historical text? The main motives for the author to write this would be a huge historical event, an increase in hypocrisy, and pride.
In general, Christians believe in God the Father, Jesus Christ, Satan, and the idea of life after death in Heaven or Hell. According to the World Scriptures text, Christianity was a missionary religion that quickly spread throughout the Roman Empire. Around 500 B.C.E the Zoroastrian Persian Empire spread from the Arabian sea to Mediterranean sea, which overlapped with Christianity at the time (Van Voorst 265). Christianity was heavily surrounding the Mediterranean and with the importance of trade routes at the time there was bound to be influencing ideas between the two. One may argue that Christianity was the mission religion that influenced Zoroastrianism.
Saint Gregory the Illuminator is widely regarded as the saint that helped convert Armenia to Christianity. He was a monk and what he learned in his monastic life helped guide him on his mission to convert Armenia to Christianity. Saint Gregory the Illuminator was not the first person to bring Christianity to Armenia. The first people to do that were two of Jesus’s apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus. Saint Judas Thaddaeus was the first person to do it.
Russian tsars are authoritative Christian monarchs which started in 1721 from one of the first emperors named Peter I the Great. This empire lasted until 1917 when Nicholas had to abdicate his throne due to many reasons and considered a backward country. There is also a speculation about two family members surviving the firing squad. The Russian tsars established in 1672 and Peter I the great was Russia’s first emperor. He was one of the most celebrated ones of the Romanov dynasty and influenced church’s, legislation and courts.
The Hagia Sophia is one of the best examples of an appropriated structure in modern history. When the Ottoman Empire seized Constantinople after a fifty four day siege, Mehmed II took Hagia Sophia for himself and commandeered this one of a kind structure. When Mehmed II captured the Hagia Sophia, something rare occurred, he preserved the structure and Byzantine art in this sacred building. Mehmed had, possibly unknowingly, preserved the building during his reign. Creating lore and mythology help bonds an emperor or entire empires to previous powers to create a link.
Chora Monastery, which was dedicated to Jesus Christ, is the existence of a very old religious complex here is generally accepted due to the old Greek word “Chora” which means “suburb”. It can be because the site of Chora lay outside the fourth-century city of Constantine but was enclosed by the Land Walls built by Theodosius II in the early fifth century, located near the Adrianople Gate. The meaning of the word can also be translated as “dwelling-place” or “container” because Christ is identified as ‘land, dwelling place of the living’ and the Virgin as ‘container of the uncontainable’ in the decoration. It was known that there was a chapel outside the city walls of Constantinople during the 5th century. Chora was replaced with this chapel by Justinianos I during 527-65.