“Independence, free will, and personal effort are considered primary virtues that contribute not only to personal achievement but also to the success and well-being of the nation.” This quote, stated by Charles Finney, means that people must be able to choose for themselves and make their own decisions in order for the country to become better than it is. The Second Great Awakening began for several different reasons, consisted of many different church revivals and leaders, and ultimately had a lasting impact for several more years after the end of the Second Great Awakening. There were several different factors that led up to the Second Great Awakening. Some such factors are listed by Richard Kaplan in his article titled, The Second Great
The Great Awakening was most successful in uniting the colonial America people in the understanding of the Christian faith and life. Despite it achievements, the Great Awakening ended up weakening the significance of clergy as believers started depending on their conclusions. The movement also resulted in the development of different cults and denominations and promoted religious tolerance. This movement resulted to the challenging of the traditional authority of the clergy which eventually led to the challenging of the authority of the King (Edwards, et. All,
The Boston Massacre was a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a “patriot”. They were throwing sticks, snowballs, and trash at a group of British troops. The loyalists got very annoyed with the patriots so they shot into the mob killing five. The riot began when around 50 colonists attacked a British sentinel. A British officer called in for additional troops and they too were attacked so they had to fire into the mob.
It all began when the British soldiers came into Boston and fired shots at the colonists for making a crowd and going against the soldiers. The British soldier that was in charge at the time was named Captain Thomas Preston and he and his 8 men were all arrested for the shooting. Before this happened the colonists still had hatred towards the British soldiers for pushing the Townshend Acts towards the colonists. History.com Staff. “Boston Massacre.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/boston-massacre.
The Great Awakening unified the diverse colonies with the belief that colonists must shift their lives’ focus from worldly matters, such as accumulating land and wealth, back to faith and the church i n order to avoid condemnation by God. Ministers, such as the passionate George Whitefield, became very influential and powerful at the time by spreading this concept along with methods for earning salvation. For example, “at Philadelphia…, many thousands flock[ed] to hear him preach the Gospel, and great numbers were converted to Christ” (VOF 78). With a large following, Whitefield’s ideas “... encouraged many colonists to trust their own views rather than those of established elites” (GME 160). Furthermore, “[o]rdinary colonists
If Thomas Paine didn’t propose “Common Sense”, most likely the declaration of independence wouldn’t be signed, which may lead to America not having their own freedom. In addition, throughout the pamphlet, he condemned monarchy and encouraged democracy instead. The colonists may not have an equal voice towards social issues if they still followed monarchy after the declaration of independence was signed. Thus, the foundation that made people to speak up for independence was the pamphlet. The more voices citizens have about their freedom against the British, the more powerful patriotism will be.
The Boston Massacre began with a small argument about the Townshend Acts between British Private Hugh White and a few colonists outside the Custom House in Boston on King Street. The argument began to escalate as more colonists gathered and began to harass and throw sticks and snowballs at Private White. Soon there were over 50 colonists at the scene. The local British officer of the watch, Captain Thomas Preston, sent a number of soldiers over to the Custom House to maintain order. However, the sight of British soldiers armed with bayonets just aggravated the crowd further.
Now it’s interesting that one effect bring together, while the other separates. One of these important effect is that it helped unify the colonist through out the colonies, giving contest for the American Revolution that was on the horizon. Other however, was that it created more branches of Christianity. The biggest of these being a division of what is came to be known as “Old” and “New” Light. This was a split due to Emotionalism, with the Old Light resisting Emotionalism, while the New Light was support these
It is understood that John Locke played a key role of influence on Thomas Jefferson. This influence can be seen through Jefferson’s writing on the nation’s founding document. This document is called the Declaration of Independence. John Locke, the English Enlightenment philosopher wrote his Two Treatises of Government to refute the belief that kings ruled by divine right and to support the Glorious Revolution of 1688 (Doc 1). This piece of political philosophy provided many explanations for the people’s rights and obligations to overthrow a corrupt government.
The execution of Charles I in England, also consumed at the minds of the British revolutionaries. At the moment prior to when Charles was beheaded those watching the execution began responding with fury. Those watching chanted the king 's name in vain, reacting to the execution in a near mob-like manner. This again illustrates how violence took over the mind psychologically. The type of psychological violence here resembles what occurred during the Boston Massacre.
BREAKING NEWS from the colonies, last night on March 5, 1770 at the Customs House an altercation between the British Troops and the colonists began, causing the deaths of 5 colonists. Yet, the colonists are no angels, what was supposed to be a small demonstration against the British turned deadly. The colonists are said to have provoked officers, by throwing stones, snowballs, and sticks at them. The history of the Boston, Massachusetts colonists and the British Troops is not good all. This is because ever since the British Troops were placed in the colony to enforce the Townshend Acts, the colonists have been on edge, but the peace has been kept until now.