In the year of 1791, The French and Haitian Revolution coexisted simultaneously. France was trying to pick up the pieces of a country left in shambles, while across the hemisphere, Haiti was about to ignite the fire. In France, they were in the process of creating a new government, in which all citizens would have equal rights, as based on the Declaration of the Rights of Man. In Haiti, a shocked oppressed populace was discovering the power that was held by the Declaration of the Rights of Man and was keen to set their own revolution. Due to these uprisings in different parts of the world, it had a varying political objective, but it appears to be that it was roused by the Enlightenment's radical
When one looks at all the revolutions the earth there are many differences. Evry revolution is different but every revolution have one thing in common, one group of people is being oppressed by another. For this essay we are supposed to compare two different revolutions to the American Revolution. The two others I chose are the Cuban revolution and the Haitian revolution. To begin, I will look at a little back ground of each revolution and then the main cause. Once I get done with that, I will then compare the causes to each other.
Revolutions were a common occurrence in many parts of the world. The 17th century was miserable. Between 1790 and 1848 many different people in Europe, Central America, the Caribbean, and other areas of the world struggled to gain freedom and independence from oppressive and dictatorial regimes. While the the French and Haitian Revolutions, inspired by the American Revolution, were alike in many areas such as social class struggles, economic inequities, and personal freedoms. In spite of their similarities the revolutions in France and Haiti were more different than similar because pitted While France struggled with it’s Aristocracy, Haiti struggled with slavery. France was dealing with unequal distribution of wealth while Haiti had little wealth at all. Finally, While France is attempting to change it’s form of
The French Revolution was one of the most significant wars that changed France’s history. The Revolution started in 1789 and ended in 1799 and was mainly initiated by the conditions affecting the Third Estate. Louis XVI was predominately the king during this time period but little did he know that an uprising among the peasants was happening. The French Revolution was caused by the Enlightenment ideas because of the American Revolution, the knowledge of rights, and the questioning of France’s government. The American Revolution was basically the “fire” that ignited the change the Third Estate wanted to see in their country. The French people’s knowledge of their rights led them to believe that it is possible to achieve fairness and be respected in their own province. And lastly, the idea of questioning France’s government had peasants discover that their king barely even cared about their well-being and restricted them of representation.
Overall, the French Revolution occured because of horrendous treatment of the third estate. Unfair taxation, an obvious bias towards the upper classes, and an inadequacy of change for the better was what caused it to happen. Unfortunately, a vast amount of lives were lost to this hopeless
Saint Domingue was one of the richest colonies of the Americas during the late eighteenth century. Its extravagance resulted from their large production of highly demanded coffee, cotton, and sugar, which heavily depended on strict slave regime. Slaves, many whom were African born, made up the vast majority of the population and suffered poor working and living conditions. The anger of slaves caused the Haitian Revolution, which would lead to Haiti freeing itself from its oppressor and becoming an independent republic in the Caribbean. The Haitian Revolution created a profound effect not only the former French colony, but also acted as a leader for reformation around the world.
From the 16th to 18th century, countries in Europe were experiencing new ideas and reforms.
Revolutions were significant events in history that dramatically affected the rights of the inhabitants. The Latin American revolution as well as the Haitian revolution were led to gain independence from the colonial power of France, Spain, and Portugal. The Latin American revolution led by Simon Bolivar and the Haitian Revolution have both similarities and differences as they both started due to the want for political, economic and social changes.
The French, Haitian, and American Revolutions were all sparked from the minds of the colonists, slaves, or lower classes who were treated with inequality by their own governments. In each location, there was a noticeable trend of mistreatment between government and people. In Haiti, slaves brought over by the French who captured the island, and forced them into brutal labor in what was the most valuable and wealthy are at the time. The government and leadership in France was corrupt as they were in much debt. King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette lived in Versailles far from the other forms of government, abusing the country wealth. And lastly, the British stripped the Americans of their rights and exploited them for much of their own possessions.
What is a revolution? A revolution is a movement that people do for a change in the government because reasons, such as equality rights. For example, during the late 1700s, the French Revolution began to occur for that reason. Years later, the Haitian Revolution then occurred. Similar to the French, it also started because of wanting equality rights. Although both revolutions began in the same period of time, they are similar and different in many ways. Similar because of what caused both revolutions and different because of the violence that was used in each movement and the outcome from it.
Haitians are constantly living in fear whether it’s a natural disaster or leaders who rule in fear and tortured and killed approximately 30,000 people due to political reasoning. Haiti has a long dark history which constantly affects them in their daily lives now. Not only does Haiti have a dark past but they are the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere today which affects many others. About 200 years ago, Haiti had to pay an indemnity to France so independence would be recognized allowing them to provide for themselves. During times like these, the leaders of Haiti would use the rest of their money for greed instead of improving life for the people. Something which
The American, French, and Haitian Revolutions all had a transcending effect on society and the overall government. All of them were based on Enlightenment principles that inspired change for them. In addition, they all had Constitutions and similar political powers. As a result, they all establish a Constitutional Republic. However, the Haitian Revolution was the most revolutionary out of all three of them. The Haitian Revolution started in 1791 and lasted until early 1800s. While the American Revolution had to deal with external opponents, and the French Revolution had to deal with external opponents, the Haitian Revolution had to deal with both. This led to them having more conflicts to fight. In addition, although they all had constitutions, the Haitian Revolution worked to abolish slavery. This is different since both the American and French Constitutions had slavery involvement within them. Another reason on why it’s more revolutionary is because it has a major impact to the slave society. This brought fear to slave owners, and increased rebellions. Overall, the Haitian Revolution is more revolutionary because it resulted in a successful slave
The late 18th and 19th century brought about the French and Haitian Revolutions. Both revolutions were connected to each other because of the link between France and Haiti, known then as St Domingue. However, there were also differences as far as political, economic and social causes were concerned.
The Revolution was caused primarily by the political and economic issues. The colonist classes were tired of interference of British Empire in the policies of economic and trading through acts created by Parliament. Also, the Revolution took place because of geography, mercantilism, colonist’s rights being denied, and the French-Indian war.
Within the period of 1750 to 1914, changes were taking place around the world. New empires and nations began growing and expanding their territory, and as a result of these actions, wars, bankruptcy, and rebellions became more common. An example is the American Revolution, in which the American colonists, who were influenced by new philosophies and the sense of nationalism, fought and gained their independence from Britain. This revolution eventually inspired others throughout the world as it was successful in gaining the colonies independence from a powerful European empire. Those revolutions include the Haitian and French Revolution. The Haitian Revolution can be compared to the French revolution in that they were both influenced by the Enlightenment