At first, Bartolomé de Las Casas participated in the persecution of the native people of the New World. But, something made him raise his voice against the terrors the Spanish colonizers did to the Native Americans. Exactly in the year of 1515 he changed his mind about the colonization subject and persecutions of the Native Americans. He changed
One of the most historical moments of the Pueblo Revolt, was when the pueblos met up to try and stop the Spanish colony and the Franciscan missions, but instead 21 friars and multiple Spanish families were killed in one day (Weber 84). Angelico Chaves states the Naranjo is a representation that the definition of a Pueblo was changed in the years before the revolt, and a different culture had come about. Due to the revolt in people and culture, Chavez states that the revolt was successfully “planned and carried out” not just by individual leaders, but the main person of Pohe-yemo. In the second essay selection, Spanish Missions, Cultural Conflict, and the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, Henry Warner Bowden argues that the cause of the Pueblo Revolt is due to religion being the heart of the Spanish and Pueblo cultures (Weber 21).
Crazy Horse or Cha-O-Ha (“In the Wilderness” or “Among the Trees”) was a Native American war leader of the Oglala Lakota. He took up arms against the U.S. Federal Government to fight them for encroachments on the territories and way of life of the Lakota people. This leads to a victory at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in June 1876. Four months after surrendering to General Cook in May of 1877, Crazy Horse was fatally wounded. He was wounded by a military guard while allegedly resisting imprisonment at Camp Robinson in present day Nebraska.
The Cherokee tribe even took action against the government, taking the removal to the court systems. Cherokee tribe vs. Georgia, went all the way to the supreme court who ruled in favor of the Indians; however, the state of georgia ignored the court ruling and went forward with the removal. Another tribe, the seminoles, tried resisting through guerrilla warfare, but unfortunately failed. The removal lead to one of the most remembered events in American history, The Trail of Tears. The trail went through nine states, and claimed an estimated 15,000 lives out of some 100,000 tribal members that were forced west (“Five Civilized Tribes”).
The question, “Why the fighting started?” isn’t as complicated for King Philips War, as it is when examining Bacon’s Rebellion. Bacon’s rebellion was a result of settlers in the backcountry become upset about the weak efforts of the aristocrats in the East to protect them from Indian attacks. Bacon led the backcountry in attacking the Indians over some land, defying the government of Virginia, which caused fighting to begin not only against the Indians, but also against the Governor and the settlers in Jamestown. In comparison, King Phillip’s war began strictly as the Indians fought to defend their threatened way of life as the English quickly populated New England and destroyed forests. Although Bacon’s rebellion began over more diverse issues, both the rebellion and King Phillips war began over the root issue of English greed and taking
The Pinjarra massacre was a battle that took place in Pinjarra, Western Australia. The massacre took place on the 28th of February, 1834. The conflict was between 60-80 Aboriginals of the Binjareb tribe, and 25 European soldiers and police officers who carried out the attack led by Governor Captain James Stirling. After the attacks on the displaced Swan River Whadjuk people and depredations on settlers by a group of the Binjareb people led by Calyute reached unacceptable levels, Stirling led his force after the party. Arriving at their camp, five members of the pursuit party were sent into the camp to arrest the suspects and the Aborigines resisted.
Historians point to a number of reasons that caused the American Revolution, but I believe the two most important things that affected the colonies was the French and Indian War along with the British policy changes that they had made after the Seven-Year War. The French and British had, had a long history of not getting along. When the French tried to take over more land towards the Ohio River Valley, the British decided it was time to declare war. It could be known as the first “World War” because it took place not only in the Americas but also a lot of Europe. The French put up quite the fight.
The Second Continental Congress declared that the 13 colonies were marked independent from Britain. However, the American Revolution continued because the British did not want to have the American colonies taken away from them. On September 19, 1777 and October 7, 1777, the Battles of Saratoga were fought and it marked a turning point for the Revolutionary War. After both of these battles occurred, John Burgoyne, who was the British commander, surrendered to the American troops. Another major event of the American Revolution was when the Treaty of Paris was signed, which ended the American Revolutionary War.
In 1776, the British colonists that were living in America were getting tired of Great Britain’s control. The British were strictly ruling the colonies at this time, and the colonists decided that they were going to fight back. Firstly, colonists were given hefty taxes. Great Britain did this to receive more money, since they are in debt from the French and Indian War. Also, there were many unfair laws that were being instilled.
A Zapatista veteran explained that, “the oppression was tremendous. That’s why those of us who joined the revolution in defense of the nation didn’t do it out of bravery or pride, but out of necessity. Another Zapatista veteran revealed what life was like for the indigenous people during the time of the revolution.
That day, 30 June 1520 CE, referred to as Noche Trista, forced the Spanish to flee (Youtube.com). The months following, the Spanish returned with their allies, the Thaxcalan, declaring an extensive and daunting battle ravaged with sickness and death, the city of Tenochtitlan collapsed. The conquerors ransacked and pillaged any remaining resourceful commodities and treasures and declared the land New Spain, under new and direct rule from the New World. The Aztec civilization came to an abrupt end (Calloway
The natives here “attacked with abandon” and after a “bloody contest, Cortes took the city by force (Deeds, Meyer, and Sherman, 78).” The Spaniards later traveled to the near present city of Veracruz, where Cortes first reciprocated messages to Aztec ruler Moctezuma (Deeds, Meyer, and Sherman, 81). After being invited by Moctezuma, Cortes and his men decided to make the 200 miles journey to Tenochtitlan (Deeds, Meyer, and Sherman, 81). Along the way he gained allied, including the Cempoalans and the Tlaxcalans ,whom were native rivals of the Aztec empire (Deeds, Meyer, and Sherman, 82-83). On November 8, 1519, the Spaniards finally arrived in the city and were stared at in awe by the natives as they finally met Moctezuma (Deeds, Meyer, and Sherman, 85).
While many worldviews exist, The fall of the Aztec empire was unavoidable. The Aztec’s were a group of people who were very religious and lived in Mexico for hundreds of years but one day a group of Spanish people arrived and executed all of the Aztec people. Many of them died from diseases the spanish brought with them like small pox. The others were killed by the spanish and some were taken to spain as slaves. This was led by an explorer named Hernan Cortes.
“At the end of the first year, all of the surviving colonists get on a supply ship to go back to England.” This might have stemmed from the fact that the colonists turned on the natives that were supplying them with food to survive. John White returned to Roanoke in 1587, this time as governor of the colony. His journal from that expedition documents the increasing hostilities between the Algonquian Indians and the English settlers. In this excerpt, White relates one of the English colonists’ more devastating mistakes: inadvertently attacking and killing some of their own Indian
The Texas Revolution was where The Battle of Alamo where President Santa Anna did a 13 day siege and killed off the 100 Texas who were stationed there. This became a major victory for Santa Anna and also inspired the Texans to fight harder because the soldiers who surrendered also were killed off. General Sam Houston later on captured Santa Anna which later they declare impedance from