preview

Causes Of The Pueblo Revolt

Better Essays
The pueblo revolt was something that took place so quickly. The pueblos felt as if they were being used and decided to rebel against the Spanish. Before the pueblo revolt there was some other issues in history that lead up to this event. The American Revolution in 1776 was not a first war in America that fought for freedom, but before the American Revolution, there was another revolutionary war that fought for the same reasons. People seem to be forgetting and not realizing that we did have a revolutionary war before the American Revolution in 1776. This war was a rapid major social change for the Pueblos Indian because they were the people who actually rebelled against the Spanish in 1680. The reasons for the pueblo revolt are still being…show more content…
It was a fight for freedom from persecution and prejudice taxation. The Pueblo people were living in the position under control by the Spanish. They lived under the system of encomienda, which they have to provide a portion of their crops to a common warehouse. The Pueblo Revolt was a rebellious act from the pueblo indians against the Spanish colonizers in the district of Santa Fe New Mexico. The Spanish decided to attempt to reconquer twelve years later. From 1540 to 1600 the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico were subjected to seven consecutive waves of soldiers, missionaries, and settlers. These encounters, referred to as the Entradas, were characterized by violent actions between Spanish colonists and Pueblo Indians. The Tiguex War, fought in the winter of 1540-41 by the expedition of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado against the twelve pueblos of Tiwa Indians, was particularly catastrophic to Pueblo and Spanish relations. (Handbook of North American Indians. pg.…show more content…
The Hopi pueblos located on the remote Hopi Mesas of Arizona did not receive the advanced notice for the beginning of the revolt and followed the schedule for the revolt. On August 10, the Pueblos rose up, stole Spanish horses to prevent them fleeing, sealed off roads leading to Santa Fe, and pillaged Spanish settlements. A total of 400 people were killed, including men, women, children, and 21 of the 33 Franciscan missionaries in New Mexico. Survivors fled to Santa Fe and Isleta Pueblo, 10 miles south of Albuquerque and one of the Pueblos that did not participate in the rebellion. By August 13, all the Spanish settlements in New Mexico had been destroyed and Santa Fe was besieged. The Pueblo surrounded the city and cut off its water supply. In desperation, on August 21, New Mexico Governor Antonio de Otermín, barricaded in the Governor’s Palace, sallied outside the palace with all of his available men and forced the Pueblo to retreat with heavy losses. He then led the Spaniards out of the city and retreated southward along the Rio Grande, headed for El Paso del Norte. The Pueblo shadowed the Spaniards but did not attack. The Spaniards who had taken refuge in Isleta had also retreated southward on August 15 and on September 6 the two groups of survivors, numbering 1,946, met at Socorro. About 500 of the survivors were Indian slaves. They were escorted to El Paso by a Spanish supply train. The Pueblo did not contest their
Get Access