The Antebellum Reform Movement includes: the Second Great Awakening, Abolitionism, Temperance, and Women’s Rights. The Great Awakening is one of the most notable events in the history of American religion. This event was a religious revival, that not only affected religion, but it also influenced the prison reform, the women’s rights movement, abolishment of slavery, and advancements in literature. The Abolitionist movement, was formed by groups and individuals with the purpose to end slavery.
As Benjamin Franklin once so eloquently spoke, "either write something worth reading or do something worth writing." ("Not Be Forgotten"). One among many individuals to personify these words, Harriet Breecher Stowe believed from a young age that her actions and innate gift at writing could change the world. In her most famous novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin¸ her exposé of the brutality and immorality of slavery fed the currents of change that had already begun to rouse the country towards the Civil War. For Harriet Breecher Stowe, the radical message contained in Uncle Tom's Cabin, characterized by her religious and abolitionist beliefs, has marked her as one of America's most renowned authors and continues to impact the world today.
William Lloyd Garrison was an important abolitionist and an American freedom fighter. Garrison made his impact on abolishment mainly through his newspaper, the Liberator. His newspaper was largely supported by African Americans who were free. After founding the Liberator, Garrison along with sixty plus people of both races and genders went to Philadelphia and founded the American Anti-Slavery Society. This society condemned slavery as a sin and stated that it has to be abolished instantly, endorsed non violence and denounce racial prejudice.(8)
By appealing to the emotions of the reader, Frederick Douglass can build his argument of how awful slavery was and how the slave owners used Christianity to justify what they did. In the book, Narrative of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, the author uses his language to bring meaning to what he is writing. He creates an emotional connection to the reader using pathos, and builds his argument using the credibility of others, using ethos. In his book he uses his words to prove his argument to the reader of how the slave owners would use Christianity to justify slavery and violence, and how slavery affected everyone who was
During the 1800’s abolitionist challenged both the barriers of racial equality and freedom of speech. During this time there were both American and African- American abolitionist who spoke out against the practice of slavery in both the northern and southern United States. During this time papers were written on the subject and many great orators emerged. During the early 1800’s there was a newspaper put out by free black abolitionist called The Liberator, which published African-American writers.
Abolitionists are people who were against slavery. The goal of the abolitionists was to emancipate all slaves, end racial discrimination and segregation. To achieve this goal, abolitionists took part in various activities across the nation. For example, they gave speeches, published newspapers and organize the Underground Railroad. William Lloyd Garrison was the publisher of The Liberator, a fiery anti-slavery newspaper.
William Lloyd Garrison was an abolitionist who led the anti-slavery campaign movement in the United States. He created a weekly anti-slavery newspaper called The Liberator in 1830. The newspaper appeals to abolitionists, Christian leaders, women’s rights activists, and freed slaves. It served as a way spread awareness all over the nation and inspire hope for black society. Additionally, it had a driven support for immediate emancipation of slaves in the South.
Ira Berlin's “”I Will Be Heard!” : William Lloyd Garrison and the Struggle Against Slavery” shows there are a few large influences which help steer William Lloyd Garrison's vehement opinions regarding abolition and equal treatment of blacks. They include; his evangelical faith, his “exuberant idealism that had it roots in the radicalism of the American Revolution,” and most importantly his partnership with Benjamin Lundy(Berlin). Lundy had the experience of years on the road visiting slave states and brought an appreciation to Garrison about “the evil that was chattel bondage”(Berlin). Lundy's influence on Garrison is important because he delivered first hand knowledge and visualizations of the horror of slavery to Garrison.
There are many movements associated with Frederick Douglass’ speech, including the abolitionist movement. Abolitionist ideas became prominent in Northern churches and politics beginning in the 1830s until 1870. The goal of the abolitionist movement was immediate emancipation of all slaves and ending racial discrimination and segregation. Abolitionists differed from moderate anti-slavery advocates; they wanted to abolish slavery completely not minimally. An obstacle of this movement was the westward expansion that took place in the North after 1840, eventually leading to Civil War.
Douglass’ autobiography Narrative of The Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave was among the first Slave Narratives written by a former slave. Also, it was written differently in a new autobiographical form, glorifying the conflicts, the struggles and the success of an individual in place of recounting a story following a chronological order which is the classic form of an autobiography. Frederick Douglass consolidated different ideologies and philosophies in his work because he was very inspired by Henry Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson who were considered as leaders in philosophy. Douglass’ narrative was used to defend the human rights, criticizing religion but also as a political context.
During the Age of Reform in New Jersey, the African Methodist Episcopal Church as well as black and white citizens established an unofficial Underground Railroad to facilitate fugitives with escape routes and safe houses (Thesis). During the time period before the Civil War, tensions were rising between abolitionists and slave owners. The free African-American community, whether it’s Quakers, or members of the AME Church, wanted to end slavery and help slaves escape from their cruel and abusive masters. Some members of the white community were also against slavery, including Quakers and other Christian religious groups. Doctor John Grimes and the Grimes family were Quakers and active members of the anti-slavery movement.
In one book he read called the "The Columbian Orator" there were speeches from Sheridan. In these speeches he spoke out against slavery and pushed for human rights. Because of these speeches Frederick began to question slave owners and to see freedom in everything he saw and
Tom Watson was a statesmen from Georgia who became a leading racist, anti Catholic,and anti Semite. He used his journalism to express his radical views, which sometimes led to violence. He also had a weekly paper, that was circulated repetitively. He was part of the US senate from 1920 until he died in 1922. Although, he changed his support of blacks to support white supremacy, he was always an isolationist.
The title of the document being analyzed is David Walker’s Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World. This document was written as a book but, for the purpose of this lesson, condensed and placed only portions of two of the four original articles written in 1829. Around the time that this Appeal was written, numerous events paved an altered future for the citizens of the United States. In 1827, race riots erupted throughout Cincinnati, Ohio, resulting in over a thousand African Americans to flee to Canada.
Following the War of 1812, America entered a period known as the Antebellum Era, meaning "before the Civil War," which lasted from 1815 to 1861. This period was characterized by the Market Revolution, which saw the birth of American capitalism and caused major social and economic change. From the year 1815 to 1850, slavery remained an established institution, economic change in the North East led to industrialization which in turn caused other economic and social changes, and a shift in America's social climate caused the growth of the abolitionist movement. One change that transformed American society was industrialization. Prior to the War of 1812, American society was mostly comprised of yeoman farmers who subsisted through trade and barter,