It nourished the hatred people had for Weimar and helped Hitler rise and gain power. It was part of many factors, which slowly destroyed the Weimar Government and the values it defended. It was stipulated that in the Weimar constitution, before Hitler became president, that the army had to swear an oath of loyalty to the president and republic. This meant that the army had to follow the orders appointed by the President. The Weimar’s military leadership was mostly composed of conservatives who did not support the new Republic.
The treaty of Versailles, created by the allied nations, aimed itself at weakening Germany as much as possible. The treaty forced a German loss of territory, massive economical problems, which again were only worsened by the great depression in the 1930s and forced a large number of German people to flee their country. It also severely weakened the German government, so that when the time came, it became a lot easier for Hitler on his way to power in Germany with fascism and nazism. And in most people’s opinion, Hitler is the main character and factor of the Second World War. But without the treaty of Versailles, Hitler was most likely to fail on his path to power in Germany, and would never have succeeded to start a war in the first place.
Moreover, the German revolution caused endless chaos and tension in Germany, stealing away the soldiers’ focus on victory in WW1, therefore negatively affecting their performance & sparking their defeat in WW1. The figure above (Figure 2: German Revolution), shows one of the demonstrations in the German revolution. However, the German revolution stemmed many changes into the German authority, as the Kaiser was coerced to resign & Germany was announced a republic. (Figure 2: German Revolution) In conclusion, many different factors combined led to the German defeat in WW1, including the US entry into WW1, the naval factors, the authoritative factors, the blockades and the failure of the U-boat campaign as well as the Ludendorff offensive. Moreover, these factors are highly related, as the entry of the US was the main factor that gave rise to their defeat, and most of the other causes were an upshot of the US entry into
In early 1919 they launched a bid for power, joined with rebel soldiers and sailors, they set up Soviets in several towns. Ebert then made an agreement with the commanders of the army and the Freikorps to shut the rebellion down. The Kapp Putsch was a threat from the right-wing and took place on the 20th of March in 1920 and was lead by Wolfgang Kapp. Kapp lead 5000 Freikorps (anti communist ex-soldiers) into Berlin which was a direct threat to the Weimar government. The army then refused to fire on the Freikorps and it seemed like Ebert’s government was going to fail however the people then went on strike and everything came to a halt.
The methods used include propaganda, promises, and scapegoating as well as the measures taken following the election in 1930. To begin with, in order to understand how Hitler was able to rise to power in Germany, it is important to analyze the circumstances that the country found itself in. When the Versailles Treaty was signed in 1919, Germany felt itself treated deeply unfairly. It had not been invited to the peace talks, and nearly none of the 14 points set
The Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles was envisioned to be a reconciliation agreement among the Allies and the Germans. Versailles shaped political dissatisfaction and economic confusion in Germany. The Peace Treaty of Versailles signified the consequences of the violence as well as the revenge and released the door for an autocrat and the beginning of The World War II. The responsibility for the war was placed on Germany and vindicated the damages that were defined by the treaty for the war. Hence, as going throughout the events that happened and the terms of the treaty, they were seen very tough on the Germans and they took on unlimited anger.
Hitler's rise to power cannot be attributed to a single factor, but a combination of events, some of which were happening outside of Germany, the strength of the Nazi party and the weakness of the other parties attributed greatly to his rise. Hitler used these factors to his advantage and in 1933 he legitimately gained power to become the chancellor of Germany. The treaty of Versailles was one of the most important factors that led to Hitler's rise to power in Germany. From Germany's point of view the treaty was incredibly harsh and devastating that left them feeling humiliated. The treaty required them to relinquish their military power, substantial portions of their land, their say in international affairs and their respect.
However, more specifically, the Central Powers had weak and unreliable Allies such as Austro - Hungary and the Ottoman Empire which both collapsed, leaving Germany isolated. While on the other hand the Allied Forces had powerful allies such as the USA which could contribute greater resources of men and materials. Furthermore, the British had put in place a Naval Blockade prevent the passing of cargo of any ships that attempted to pass through, this was very effective and starved much of Germany’s population. Lastly, Germany’s two front with Russia greatly weakened German forces and had larger repercussions later on. Although these are all important causes, the most factor that
Political issues within Germany were, to a large extent, responsible for the collapse of the Weimar regime in 1933. Weimar Germany was a nation of instability at the end of the 1st World War, and the democratic regime imposed by the Treaty of Versailles was seen as an embarrassment to the German people. Despite William L. Shire's description of the Weimar constitution being "on paper, the most liberal and democratic document … the twentieth century had ever seen", the Weimar democracy was a system of governance that was "born with a hole in its heart" The political climate of Weimar Germany was extremely unstable as a result of a provision within its constitution, Article 22, which called for proportional representation in German elections.
Many political parties rise up. Some army leaders and noble didn’t want to rule by people that is lower than them. Therefore, Weimar had no military support. Spartacist party, which is the left wing party, begun a revolt at January 1919. On December 23rd, an effective event broke out.
Federally issued paper currency was rendered worthless as there was no way to regulate interstate commerce and the law-making process was nearly impossible seeing as it required two-thirds of state votes. All of the aforementioned nonsense called for a particularly bitter nation, and this lack of fondness towards the government led to an equally problematic and especially violent country, most notably in Shays ' Rebellion of 1776. Enter the supreme law of the land, otherwise known as the United States Constitution. In 1788, this document officially replaced the Articles of Confederation, and is still currently the basis for all American law. Its goal was to make the nation more republic-like, while also maintaining peaceful relations between states.
The president was granted wide ranged authority. Along with that, the country had little knowledge and experience with a democracy or constitutional governance. One scholar then concluded, “[I]t was doubtful whether such a democratic constitution could work in the hands of a people that was neither psychologically nor historically prepared for self-government.” (Klaus Fischer, Nazi Germany: A New History, 59). In the early 1930s German political parties, the major groups including the Nazis and the communists, organized paramilitary forces and killed one another off. Civil War was in questioning and the only other option the country had was authoritarian.