9In what ways did the Treaty of Versailles punish Germany? When Germany surrendered, they knew they had to pay a price, but the peace treaty was more severe than they expected. British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau and American President Woodrow Wilson, the three leaders of the Allies, decided the fate of Germany. The Treaty
On 28 June 1919, the countries involved in World War I gathered at Versailles Palace, to sigh the treaty which was a symbol of the end of World War I. This treaty is known as Treaty of Versailles. The treaty changed the world pattern, caused conflicts and controversies among victorious countries, and displeased the Germans, contributing to the occur of a more destructive world war - World War Ⅱ. The original goal of signing the treaty is to keep the peace, but every country pursued its own national interests, so, unfortunately, it failed quickly. The treaty is like a blasting fuse, causing a much bigger disaster for people all over the world.
One of the greatest wars mankind has ever faced ended in 1919, and a peace treaty was negotiated between the allied nations and Germany. The treaty was called “The Treaty of Versailles” since it was negotiated in the palace of Versailles in France. Germany, however, did not get the memo and was purposely left out of this negotiation. Leaving Germany out of the negotiation resulted in an unfair treatment of Germany through the terms of the negotiation. The treaty of Versailles unfairly punished Germany by damaging it’s economy and it’s military, which will directly lead to World War II (WWII).
The Treaty of Versailles had a large significance on Germany and its future, but 1919-1939 will be focused on - highlighting its negative effects on Germany’s military and population, the economic Depression, how it gave Hitler inspiration and his rise to power, and other topics, such as how history was forever changed. Millions of people lost their lives. It all traces back to one fateful moment. The close of the war - The Great War. The Big Three: Wilson, Lloyd George, and Clemenceau all signed the Treaty of Versailles at the Paris Peace Conference.
The Great Depression was triggered by a collapse in U.S share prices in 1929, after a decade-long economic prosperity. Even though this event’s main cause was in the U.S, the effects were felt all over the world. In Germany, the depression caused a great number of businesses to close, mass unemployment and caused public dissatisfaction towards the Weimar Republic, which then led to a dramatic increase in popularity for the extreme left and right wing parties. However, even though the Great Depression was a significant event on German history, this event is still one of many. The War guilt clause, article 231 states that Germany had to pay a sum of ￡6.6 billion as war reparations, Weimar Germany was allowed to pay in the form of raw materials as opposed to actual money.
One of the biggest issues that the new government had to face was the exaggerated terms of the Treaty of Versailles. These terms limited the Weimar Republic from fully developing and growing to become a fully fledged society. The signing of the Treaty of Versailles meant torture for the country and the people populating it, and a vast majority of the population felt it was betrayal from the German government, naming the Weimar Republic officials the ‘November criminals’. Many people that supported the Weimar Republic changed their views after the terms of the Treaty of Versailles became publicly available since they felt the Weimar Republic was just the result of losing the war rather than the actual choice of the majority of the population. The problems faced by the Weimar Republic
The end of the war and the creation of the Versailles Treaty began with an armistice on November 11th, 1918. On this day, all fighting on the Western Front halted; the Allies and Central Powers were ready for peace. British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, French Premier George Clemenceau and US President Woodrow Wilson met for the Paris Peace Conference in early 1919 to draft a treaty. The three men represented the voices and interests of the Allied powers. Over the next few months the victors had decided that 1) Germany were to take full responsibility and guilt for the war (stated in Article 231 or “The War Guilt Clause”).
During the time period of 1923 to 1929, Gustav Stresemann had a very big influence over Weimar Republic. He was the chancellor of Weimar Republic for a year and then he took up other important jobs such as Germany’s Foreign Minister. Before Gustav Stresemann came into office Weimar Republic was in a very dire situation consisting of many complicating factors. The Weimar Republic faced many problems from the moment it was setup mainly due to being associated with the Treaty of Versailles. The Army blamed the government for signing the armistice that led to the Treaty of Versailles, they referred to the government as the ‘November Criminals’ and the famous stab in the back theory which suggested that Germany could have won the World War 1 if the government didn’t sign the armistice.
After the First World War, the Treaty of Versailles was set in place to attempt to preserve the peace between the Allies and Axis people for the years to come and to accommodate for all the harm that came to civilians during this time of war. The negotiation took roughly six months to conduct before the Allies signed and put into effect final copy of the treaty. During this conference, numerous ideas of how the countries involved should approach the treaty were debated, but a limited amount were included. The treaty angered several counties considering what they wanted was not included. However, for other countries, it was the opposite; for example, the Treaty enraged Germany because they felt their punishment for the war was unwarranted.