The changes of climate have made the Africans suffered from lack of food production that has led to serious malnutrition in Africa. The debts owed to the international community is another challenge the African nations have faced since the colonial periods. Even at the present time, the Africans have seriously suffered from the debts. Despite the help from IMF and World Bank, these two influential financial organizations have asked the African nations to follow a set of criteria set by both institutions, including adopting capitalism unfitted for the African nations, devaluation of money and balance of budget. Taking everything into consideration, it is impossible for the African people and their leaders to better their economic development.
Leadership, corruption and mismanagement is the root cause of underdevelopment in countries in sub-Sahara Africa African countries have experienced poor political leadership informed by bad governance that has been a barrier to social and economic development. The refusal of some African leaders to be open and honest with the public shows a disregard for the people who put them in power, and in turn erodes public trust in the leaders themselves. African leaders are not accountable to the public that put them in power and this erode the moral fabric of the society. A critical analysis on the reasons of underdevelopment in Africa says security is a pre-condition for economic development. Wars and general civil strife have destroyed much-admired
Many people including the father of Tanzania “Julius Kambarage Nyerere” tried to solve the issue of poverty in Tanzania by implementing policies to help the economy, but they failed. The inability to solve this problem causes the community to suffer from many diseases, poor living conditions, unsafe working environment, and alcohol and substance abuse. According to many researches the main reason for poverty in the developing countries is the high percentage of illiteracy especially in Africa, “Around the world,
As they were forced off their lands then poverty became worse. Rural areas are the most areas that experience poverty at the extreme because they dependent on agriculture for food and development there is very slow or does not even reach them at all. People leave the rural areas to live in the cities that mean people with skills decide that as there are no opportunities here and they go somewhere they can find job opportunity. Then that lives the rural areas without people who have skills. In Africa there are programs designed to assist in reducing poverty but ends up in the hands of corrupt people, the distribution of the money is unequal, the large amount of money are spend on the person in charge of the program not on the poor people.
The Decolonization of Africa was a big issue that led to the Cold War because of European affairs.The Europeans believed that Africa wasn’t ready to be able to self-govern due to the lack of capability to manage their own affairs. Although the Europeans were facing their own problems with the economy due to The Great Depression. This is stated in the article “The Great Depression of the 1930s, when trade and production shrank and millions of Europeans had no work” (McCaskie and Fage, 2016). This was an issue for them in which they would need to exploit their resources in order for other colonies to buy more from them. By the 20th century more Africans started to become involved with the government and over time they outnumbered the European officials.
The early years of Independence were smooth for most African countries, until there was a sharp economic decline of many African countries that followed. Some have argued that the economic decline was caused by the meddling in the internal affairs of African states by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank. Africa also experienced major government deficiencies, mismanagement and corruption and this increased poverty in Africa, the major problem hindering the development of Africa. Poverty can be eliminated by encouraging inclusive and sustainable growth, trade and
It is believed that the reduction of GDP of Africa has an implicit effect at the individual and household level and further correlated with poverty in the continent. Poverty remain number one cause of hunger in Africa and other parts of the world. Poverty according to the United Nations comprises of myriad concepts. Poverty is a denial of choices and opportunities, a violation of human dignity, lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. It means not having enough to feed and clothe a family, not having a school or clinic to go to (UN, 1998).
This happened by having more advanced weapons, cooperate with local leader, and took advantage of Africa conflict. The effects of European imperialism on Africa was economic negative because European took away their properties them using Africans and Indians for labor which caused the loss of food. It was social positive because they got rid of slavery which the Africans had more opportunities. The effects of European imperialism in Africa was economic negative because European took away their properties them using Africans and Indians for labor which caused to lose food. According to document one by Ndansi Kumalo who was a chief from Rhodesia in 1890s states, Africans were angry at the British because they took away their animals, property and land.
Acute poverty was widespread and the industrial structure was weak. Real wages in 1928 were 50% of what they were in 1807. Occupational structure deteriorated over the years under British rule. The impact of the British rule on India’s economy is a topic for debate. Leaders of the Indian independence movement and such have blamed colonial rule for India’s dismal economic scene and argued that financial strength required for industrial development in Europe was derived from colonies in Asia and Africa.
This situation is still the reality of energy insecurity in Africa on the increased demand due to growing population and the decline of the traditional fossil fuels. Effects of climate change Looking at the negative impacts of climate change on economic growth and sustainable development in Africa, which has limited the ability of African countries to deal with climate change with a focus on the development of the continent. Africa is diverse: the 53 countries have a different topology, resources, size, population and cultures and the differences of experience in development and performance. Interestingly, all African countries are facing these global climate changes that threaten their efforts from development and perspective. The poor are particularly affected because of their vulnerability to the impacts of climate change.