Unemployment is defined as a situation where in a country, citizens who had reach a working age is unable to get employed even though he/she is actively searching for jobs. Unemployment rate is usually used as a measure of the health of the country economy and is measure by the number of unemployed people, divided by the total population of the work force. In general, a country with a lower unemployment rate has a better economy compared to a country with high unemployment rate. When a country faces high unemployment rate, it affects the overall economy, creating a cyclical problem. When people have lesser money to spend because of unemployment, companies suffer from decrease in revenue.
When the aggregate consumption falls the investment incentives for the investors also gets reduced. So as a result the national income or the Gross domestic products gets squeezed. We do possess an overloaded supply of human capital, but the quality of this factor of production is quite low that instead of getting benefits from it we are getting worse off. Moreover when a large percentage of youth remain unemployed it represents a situation of inefficient use of this
Introduction: Unemployment generally defined as the number of persons who are willing to work for the current wage rates in society but not employed currently. Unemployment reduces the long run growth potential of the economy. When the situation arises where there are more other resources for the production and no man power leads to wastage of economic resources and lost output of goods and services and this has a great impact on government expenditure directly (Clark, 2003). High unemployment causes less consumption of goods and services and less tax payments results in higher government borrowing requirements. The impact of the unemployment is seen with the individuals and household curtailing the consumption drastically to meet financial
There was a drastic drop in consumer spending and a pile up of unsold goods which slowed down production. Whilst this was happening stock prices continued to rise and by the end of that year prices had reached levels that were unjustifiable from anticipated future earnings. During the peak of The Great Depression, industrial production in the US dropped by 47% and the real GDP had declined by 30%. The most concerning out of these statistics was the unemployment rate which was said to have exceeded 20% at the height of The Great Depression. The average income of a conventional American family had decreased by 40% from 1929 to 1932.
Since unemployment creates a lack of financial stability, it will eventually lead to poverty. Due to this, those people who are unemployed will have a lower standard of living than those of the people who are employed. This is because they will suffer from lack of regular income to support their basic needs such as food, clothing and health care. This only shows that employment plays a very big role in addressing poverty since if many people will be employed, they will have enough money to be able to support their needs in life. Last 2012-2013, there is an
Moreover, this uneven distribution of wealth has contributed enormously to increased poverty and deprivation in the US. In fact, 1 in 7 Americans today experience hunger and 16 million children live in poverty. Additionally, too great economic inequality prevents the economy from growing. In view of middle-class worker’s reduction or stagnation in salaries, they have less disposable income to spend. Thus, businesses suffer and must cut costs, which inevitably leads to even more reduced revenues for
Moreover, due to political instability and less exports, because Pakistan's foreign exchange reserves declined, Pakistan faces enormous capital flight. All socks jams and exchange-traded stock price has fallen to a very low price, people have lost millions of rupees Stock Exchange. The government has set up a reserve to support the stock exchange, but people have lost their trust, so no big deal is happening in the stock market. There are reports that the Karachi Stock Exchange will be liquidated rumors, but these are just
This means that some individuals will be given more benefits than others in economic resources which may end up in a total decline in economic growth. The decline is also instigated by mismanagement of affairs in politics, for example Zimbabwe started off as a thriving economy but through the mishandling of political affairs and misunderstanding of the economic policies that governed the country, the political decisions taken caused an economic decline. The influence of politics on economics is demonstrated by examples of inflation. If a country is under inflation, the economy is forced to cut down on the budget deficit. Economic development affects the evolution of institutions and political change.
The labour demand and supply mismatch. The number of jobs available simply does not accommodate for all of those entering the market. 3. The global recession in 2008 and 2009 caused many to lose their jobs. The more recent draught will also have a significant impact on the unemployment rate.
The decline of the coal mines due to a lack of competitiveness meant that many coal miners were unemployed. However, they found it difficult to get jobs in new industries such as computers despite a growing economy YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT • Political – Apartheid A political factor which aids the explanation of unemployed youth is that of apartheid. Despite it being twenty-four years after apartheid, racial inequality still exists. Graham & De Lannoy (2017), comment that black and coloured youth have more difficulty finding a job compared to their white and Indian youth counterpart. • Social – Cultural Youth unemployment is often highest amongst deprived areas where there is pessimism over job prospects.