Groundwater resources are affected in principle by three major activities. First of these activities is excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides in agricultural areas. The second one is untreated/partially treated wastewater to the environment. Finally, excessive pumping and improper management of aquifers result. The activity of solid waste disposal in open un-engineered landfill is the one of the factor that cause the ground water pollution due to lack of pollution control interventions such as water proof layer, leachate treatment pond, monitoring wells etc.
Water pathogens are a huge health problem in Kenya, as many are left unprotected against diarrheal diseases and parasitic worms. Based on Joint Monitoring Programme’s 2012 report, access to safe water supplies throughout Kenya is 59% and access to improved sanitation is 32%. There is still an impending need in rural and urban areas for both water
1). Erosion causes on-site loss of agricultural potential as well as an off-site effect of downstream movement of sediment, that can result in floods and silting of reservoirs (Directorate Communication, National Department of Agriculture 1). Eventually these problems contribute to the limited distribution of quality food to individuals caused by a great loss of potential agricultural land (What Is Soil Erosion? 1). Natural activities are one of the many causes of soil erosion and unfortunately there is no way of preventing erosion from these activities.
That is why flooding situation occurs in low-lying areas of Surat city. Some major creeks also not much sufficient to drain the access stormwater because of the path of this creeks is obstructed by some manmade obstruction and it is becoming narrow due to silting. Some location flood is occurs by overflowing of this major creeks of central zone of Surat
MRP are going supply water for Tang bai he plain, middle and western parts of Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, with a total area of about 155,000 km2. , MRP will not meet all the requirements of planned water supply areas because of the limitation of water quantity in Hanjiang River, only provide water for municipal and industrial use in Beijing, Tianjing Municipalities, and Hebei, Henan, Hubei Provinces, and give consideration to the agriculture and other use of water in some partial areas. (South-to-north water diversion 2001) 4.0 Discussion Based on the findings above, The Chinese has the water problem about the uneven water distribution and water pollution. The government is trying to transfer the water from the other water-affluent regions so that the uneven water distribution can be resolved through south to north water diversion project. By building large range of dams and some artificial river will be built to transfer the water.
MAJOR PROBLEM: SINGAPORE WATER SHORTAGE ISSUE Short history of Singapore: Singapore gained independence on 9th August in 1965 from the merger with Malaysia. After its separation from Malaysia, Singapore faces major problem in many areas. Singapore is a small island of area size of 718.3km square. Given her limited land capacity, Singapore face a severe lack of natural resources such as water. In the ’60s and ’70s, Singapore was heavily reliant on imported water from Malaysia and faced urbanisation challenges such as polluted rivers, water shortages and widespread flooding.
INTRODUCTION Fresh water pollution in South Africa Freshwater pollution is the contamination of inland water with substances that make it unfit for its natural or intended use. Pollution may be caused by faecal waste, chemicals, pesticides, pesticides, petroleum, sediment, or even heated discharges. Plants and animals can’t live without freshwater, because all organism are made up mostly by water. A tree for example is about 60% water and most animals are about 50-65% water. Also each of us needs huge amounts of water.
This has resulted in water scarcity particularly for our motherland, Pakistan. By ‘water’ I mean the ‘usable water’, not the water that cannot be used by the living beings like the sea water which has to be processed before it is made usable. The supply of fresh water on planet earth is finite, which is stored in aquifers, or as surface water or in the atmosphere (greenfacts.org, 2010) Unfortunately, 97 percent of the total available water on earth is saltish, which is not suitable for living being consumption. This means only 3 percent fresh water is available and out of this 3 percent, 66 percent of the water is in the form of glaciers and 33 percent is present in the underground or in the air. Agriculture,
The role of the government in water supply and sanitation services ended up weakening the capacity of local authorities resulting in a state of inadequacy in the sector, which was characterised by erratic water supply, low coverage ratio, obsolete infrastructure and also inadequate funding. Due to failure by most local authorities to deliver satisfactory services to the people, the government authorised the Department of Water Affairs in the Ministry of Energy and Water Development to take over the responsibility of operating and maintaining the water supply and sewerage schemes from local