It explains how it is important to focus on street children’s agency to challenge those commentators who present them as victim. The notion of family can be visualised as the community of children living on the streets can provide new children on the street with comfort, support and knowledge for survival. Ennew (1994, pp.409-410) supports this view as he notes how they bring each other up and ‘develop supportive networks, coping strategies and meaningful relationships outside adult supervision’. It is the first paper of the five that discusses how becoming an adolescent can be a turning point when street children often consider returning to mainstream society or going
Social people additionally provide centered outreach offerings to children working in invisible place such as small factories or homes, to save you abuse and exploitation. 11. UNICEF aid drop in facilities provide children at danger with diverse psychosocial offerings which includes referrals to legal resource, help for circle of relatives reintegration and refuge. 6.4 Recommendations for Child Labour Child labor is an extended-time period development trouble so one can now not be resolved with quick-time period sports. An incredible deal of labor remains to be done to reply in a powerful manner to the child labor trouble and its root causes.
Our society is affected by single parent households. Some result from divorce, others from out of wedlock, teenage pregnancy or from parent going to the United States. This occurs a lot here in Belize. Single parenthood cause loss of values in children and it make them grow with a wrong behavior and bad attitude. Sometimes single parenthood leads to malnourishment, physically and mentally.
With this the home and school where perceived as the prime agents of socialization for children (Boyden, J, 1997, p.195). Following this development school attendance was deemed compulsory in many areas and with it non- attendance became a criminal offence (Boyden, J, 1997, p.196). This change in the concept of street life led to a change in public perception of street child
Lack of livelihood options, prevailing cultural practices, excessive poverty are the main reason which drives the families from socially and economically weaker sections of the society to push the children to be trafficked. These poor families thus get trapped by the lure or deception of the traffickers and for which those families allows their girls and women to be trafficked. Attitudinal change could be brought through proper awareness programme about the pros and cons of trafficking among general masses and specifically the victims. Public sharing of information in various forums such as conferences, workshops and seminars could be organized to sensitize and educate people. Poverty, lack of education, low wages or income basically forces people of a particular are to displace from one place to another for livelihood and most of the times those people become subject matter of trafficking.
(2011), the street children phenomenon is an everyday social reality and varies between contexts and over time in many countries. Literature studies by Ray et al. (2011), Ward and Seager (2008), Thomas de Benitez (2007) as well as UNICEF (2006) characterize street children according to age, gender and their resilience in terms of their survival in the streets. Recent studies by Ennew (2004) and Panther-Brick (2003) argue that the definition of street children‖ was seen to be difficult for the following four reasons. Firstly, it is demeaning to children‘s experiences and does not explain the children‘s actual circumstances and where they are coming from.
296; Child 79). Separating children from their parents had detrimental effects on their families. Parents, heartbroken because of the loss of their children often felt guilty for not being able to save them from the abuses they had to endure in boarding schools (Haig-Brown 171; Sellars 52). Moreover, the agony of being separated from their children, the sense of guilt and the continual anxiety concerning their children’s health in boarding schools often caused parents so much distress that they tried to ease the pain with alcohol or drugs (Sellars 52; Child
One of the miseries brought by the modern civilization is the situation of the street children. This issue has its great relevance to teenagers, we should be aware on giving significance to the street children. There are lots of street children who are extremely affected by this kind of situation, we should highlight and make this kind of proposal to help them in some way. Poverty, work force, substance abuse and general homelessness of children in Malolos are just few of many influential reason that affect their
Street children is a major problem in many countries. It is defined by the United Nations that it’s any boy or girl that’s the street has become his or her home and no one protect, supervise, direct them to do the right things. As for the causes, some children have lost their family so they have no place to go other than the street. Many street children don’t have any identity and they are uneducated, therefore they have no future. So, they affect the society and also affect themselves by being criminals and most of them turn to be substance abusers.
For instance, in the UK and the USA, street children are defined as “runaways”, who leave home without permission and stay away during the night (Altanis and Goddard, 2003). In Turky, since they settled under the Galata Bridge in Istanbul, they are called children under the bridge .Other names also given to them such us hopeless, ruffians, thieves, parasites, hooligans, and bad influence” ( Michael, 2010). However, the definition of street children is many and varied, the UNICEFs definition which says ‘boys and girls aged under 18 for whom ‘the street’ (including unoccupied dwellings and wasteland) has become home and/or their source of livelihood, and who are inadequately protected or supervised is widely and commonly accepted( UK, 2012). The term street children is very broad that has been used to describe children and