Cave Architecture

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1. Abstract: Definition of Caves: Cave architecture is often called as Rock-cut architecture. Indian rock-cut architecture is one of the main forms of architecture seen in caves. It is the practice of creating a structure by carving it out of solid natural rock. Cave homes have come a long way since prehistoric times. Far from primitive, many modern cave dwellings are surprisingly luxurious, comfortable, and beautiful places to call home. In addition to their head-turning location, cave homes tend to be naturally energy efficient thanks to their insulating earth walls that keep the inside air at comfortable temperatures year-round without heating or cooling. As the Global Warming getting to its peak the…show more content…
It is considered as one of the earliest primary shelters of all the living beings. Even after human beings adapted in living in the permanent settlements it was still used as a resting place for a long distance traveler, monks or nomads. In many parts of the Europe and china people are shifting again towards caves as to live in. Humans have later evolved cave architecture and intervening in it which introduced the form of rock-cut architecture. There are many examples of rock-cut architecture in south-east…show more content…
Many of these burrowed dwellings have all the facilities of modern homes. Because they take advantage of the existing landscape, China’s cave houses don’t require too many other building materials, and since the hills and mountains they are dug into act as natural insulation all year round, they are more energy efficient than most conventional family homes. Most of the cave dwellers are found in the Shanxi province, where the porous yellow soil is relatively easy to dig into called “yaodong” these inhabited caves have semicircular entrances covered with rice paper or hanging rugs which act as makeshift doors. Most of them aren’t very fancy, but modern amenities like plumbing, electricity and phone service can be set up if the inhabitants have enough money to spend. The majority of China’s cave dwellers can do without all these expensive features, though, and prefer to enjoy their homes’ natural bonuses – high ceilings and lots of space with a nice yard out front where you can exercise and sit in the sun. A 2007 report showed most of China’s cave houses were inhabited by the elderly, while the young population migrated toward the big city and moved into concrete homes, but there are some young people who dream of going back to their childhood caves, at some point. Each of the province's caves, yaodong, in Chinese, typically has a long vaulted room dug into the

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