Critically examine the role of Cavour in the unification of Italy. Italy had, for some centuries, been regarded as the part of Europe least likely to be united, and seemed to merit Metternich’s observation that it was merely a ‘geographical expression’. Yet under-currents of national sentiment did exist, as did a willingness in all parts to rise against foreign rule or local oppression. The failure of the 1848 revolutions, however, proved that the expulsion of the foreigner and the reduction of the number of political units required consummate diplomatic and military skills as well. These were provided by Count Camillo di Cavour (1810–61) who succeeded where others had failed.
Italian Unification DBQ Unification of Italy was a long and convoluted process compared to other nations of Europe. After many of the nations of Europe have banded together to form nation states there were only a couple of countries that have not unified. When the people of Italy decided that it was time to unify their country, there were many different ideas of what a unified Italy would look like. Among the ideas of Italian unification there were three major figures that each had their own ideas on the unification of Italy. The first person that had his own idea on the unification of Italy was attorney Giuseppe Mazzini.
French foreign policy during the First World War The First World War emerged from a series of events mainly the first and second Moroccan crisis of 1906 and 1911 respectively. This tested the alliance of France, Britain and Russia also known as the triple entente. During the first phase France suffered major losses in the Battle of Verdun as well as the Trench War. The Van Schlieffen Plan would have been successful had it not been for the measures France took in changing its foreign policy in the international system. France made promises to both the Italians and Serb-Croats in regards to Dalmatia disregarding the Austro-Hungarian territory.
After World World I, Italy was in a chaotic state of cultural, political, and economic change. The outcome of the Treaty of Versailles left the Italian people with many problems, which cause even more turmoil. An Italian born military leader named Benito Mussolini felt he needed to do something for his country, so in the year 1919 he introduced Fascism. Webster's dictionary defines fascism as “a political movement, or regime that stands for a centralized autocratic government lead by a dictatorial leader” (Webster,2017). While some people believe Mussolini’s “Fascist Movement” to be deficient”, I believe that through Mussolini’s rise to power and creation of the Fascist regime helped strengthen his desire to unify the Italian population.
Since Mussolini used his blackshirts who are Fascists to help make the event a reality, which shows him as a man with power. The March on Rome also helped the Facta government to resign, which helps to put Mussolini in the prime minister position. Another, significant reason is the activities of the Socialists and how they helped create a fear of Bolshevism, due to Mussolini using it to his advantage in a way to rise to
Mussolini took up his political activities again following the war and criticized the Italian’s weakness at the Treaty of Versailles. Looking forward to boost the country’s power to what it had been in the past, he formed a single force from several right-wing groups, and then composed the Fascist Party in 1919. That movement supported nationalist sentiments, refusing the social class discrimination. At the time, the public
Liberal ideas were in favor of the majority in the country so it paved way for further unification as an independent state which emerged from all hierarchy. In order to defeat other powerful enemies, a strong state would have more advantages as it served as a collective defense. Nationalism accelerated the process of unification since it utilized the military force and political support from a large number of patriots and liberalists. Nationalism which was the emphasizing of the national identifying, and aspiration of independence promotes the unification of Italy and Germany because it focused on the majority’s voice in the country. James Stuart Mill, (Doc 2) who was a proponent of national identity, accentuated the necessity of a constitution that concerns the tendency of the whole society in a solid state.
Personally, when I think about what happened before, during, and after the revolution, as well as the basic causes and the core of the revolution, I have to agree with the later opinion despite my deep and heartfelt admiration for both Napoleon and his accomplishments. When it comes down to it, I believe that while Napoleon truly did embrace and admire the enlightenment ideals, he was both too quick to force the revolution on others and too proud to let anyone else but himself champion it. In order to better understand the question it is important to know what exactly Napoleon betrayed. The revolution as it relates to France first started showing progress in America with the United States’ Declaration of Independence from English rule. The government that was founded from the American revolution was created based on enlightenment ideals such as civil liberties, a theory put forward by John Locke that government was put into place not by God for reasons only he could fathom but rather by the people in order to protect
France benefited from the alliance because with Austria as an ally, they could focus on their goals overseas, by both reducing Austrian support of the British in the colonies and allowing Austria to balance Prussian power on the continent, creating a stable domestic environment for France. Indeed, this internal dimension explains France’s refusal to help Austria take Bavaria in exchange for territory in the Netherlands. France feared a powerful Austria that would end the balance of power in Europe, thus a deal such as this that gave absolute
He is widely seen as one of the protagonists in the unification of Italy, even though, as it will be seen later, it was not his ambition from the beginning (From now on, the Kingdom of Sardinia can be referred as Piedmont or Sardinia). The conditions for unification were far from being ideal with Italy’s background, not to mention the recent Napoleonic Period and the ongoing Austrian occupation in the northeastern part, in the state of Lombardy-Venetia. There were Duchies established by the Bourbon family and the Habsburg-Lorraine, Tuscany being an example. The