However, the CBT model we will be using in this work is based on the Cognitive Therapy which is also known as CBT. Role of Negative Thoughts in CBT Understanding negative thoughts is an important area of focus in CBT, as Beck’s model was developed to treat depression. Mclead (2008) asserts that CBT is based on the model that it’s not events themselves that upset us, but the meanings we give them. Furthermore, Mclead notes that individuals whose thoughts are too negative, find hard to see things or participate (2008) in activities that disconfirm what they believe is true. Therefore, depressed
Some of the components are generalizable to other therapies, however, when we look at as a whole; they establish a specific describable model of therapy (Guthrie, 1999). PIT is a relational therapy, which focuses on the relationship between the therapist and the patient. Hobson (1985) determined six qualities of this relationship, which he thought were at the core of psychotherapy. The exploratory rationale, shared understanding, focus on here and now, focus on difficult feelings, gaining insight and change. The PIT provides exploratory rationale to the patient.
The CAT therapist aims to work with the client to determine procedural sequences such as chains of events, thoughts, emotions and motivations that explain how a target problem is established and maintained, for instance self-harm. Next, Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) aims on client’s problems that triggers the relationship problems with others, such as misunderstanding, death of love ones, or remotion. It helps the individual to manage coping strategies and also cope with those feelings involved. Apart from that, Interpersonal psychotherapy has also been certified as an effective treatment for the bipolar disorder, bulimia nervosa, post-partum depression, and major depressive disorder. Humanistic therapy is developed by Carl Rogers, where it helps client to understand their feelings, gain a sense of meaning in life, and reach self-actualization.
This are mainly related to those clients or patients whose life problems are adversely affecting or maintaining a disorder. This type of counselling involves identification of problems by the patient and measures to solve it. The measures are then tried and reviewed. This method is very useful in treating mild mood disorders. Interpersonal counselling- this is a type of counselling which focuses on the present state of interpersonal relationships like in home, work and society etc.
According to Bryant (2006), this type of therapeutic intervention encompasses psychoeducation, cognitive restructuring, anxiety management, imaginal and in vivo exposure, as well as relapse prevention. The client will receive education about stressful reactions to trauma and treatment options, which will help normalize the client’s stress response and enhance the expectancy of recovery. By implementing cognitive restructuring, the clinician will address unrealistic and maladaptive perceptions the client might have about the traumatic event and his fears of potential harm in the future. It will be useful to provide anxiety management strategies to the client in the therapy sessions because they can provide him with a degree of control over his distress and with a sense of relief. The techniques used for anxiety management include muscle relaxation and breathing retraining.
This also helps the client to view the external factors rather than attributing the situations to the internal factors. Thus, helping them view their psychological problems or distress which resulted from a particular “traumatic” event that they experienced rather than those inherent defects and most especially to develop a sense of self, confidence and dignity. V. Implication The case study that was presented can also be related to the vulnerability-stress model, disease model of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders and biological models such as regarding about the roles of biological factors (internal) versus the adaptable and learned vulnerability factors (external) in understanding the disorder. Furthermore, there are indeed multiple causes which can contribute to the origin of schizophrenia (biological and psychological) where social-cognitive researchers have expanded in terms of personality factors, interpersonal strategies and cognitive vulnerabilities. These social-cognitive factors represent adapted and learned inclinations rather than the person’s biological traits.
GAD was common and highly comorbid with other anxiety disorders. The research suggested that the etiology of GAD might be biological and environmental factors (Higa-McMillan, Francis, & Chorpita, 2014). According to research's that concerned of GAD among children and adolescents found that if GAD left untreated, the disorder could be chronic and predictive of adulthood anxiety and depression (Reuschel, 2011). Evidence-based treatments for children and adolescents with anxiety disorder involve cognitive and behavioral (CBT) and pharmacological interventions. Recent psychosocial interventions have tailored CBT to specifically target worry (Reuschel,
This therapy enables the analyst to address the importance of the unconscious, sexual and aggressive drives that make-up the majority of all human beings' personalities. The fourth advantage is developing skills for improving relationships. In Psychoanalysis, the analyst will help clients to address their difficulty in forming relationships with others. After which they will assist clients to come out with solutions that will improve relationship building. There are three to four application to Psychoanalysis that we can apply in today’s context.
Puberty usually causes adolescents to enter depression because of the changes they have to adapt to, which usually gives them stress. Throughout the article, it talks about how understanding the signs, symptoms and common risk factors of depression would be able to assist the parents to find the best care for their adolescents (Moreh and O’Lawrence, 2016). Parent should always be aware of the signs and symptoms of their adolescents. Therefore, parents should have a close relationship with their adolescents, in order to recognize the symptoms and signs. Failing to detect the symptoms and signs of your adolescent may lead them into a major
There are strengths of psychoanalysis. Firstly, reconstruction of personality. Therapists act as a guideline to assist or help clients to enable them to rebuild their organized pattern of behavioral characteristics. Therapists enable clients to explore wide range of perspectives and understandings when they encounter life problems which they find it difficult to