The treatment of syphilis was willfully withheld from the participants. The researchers stood by for decades and witnessed their suffering. Their family’s suffering. They buried countless subjects that they had an opportunity to know over the years (Rebar & Gersch,
When conducting this evidence, a lot of precautions needed to be taken but in this particular case they were not taken. The participants in this study were told they were receiving treatment for their bad blood. This was used as a form of deception. They were told they were being observed for the effects untreated syphilis on their bodies in the second stages. The reality is none of the individuals received penicillin which was used as one of the effective treatments for syphilis disease.
The government doctors became fascinated with their data. They saw indications that black people suffered the same complications from syphilis as white people. That was an exciting discovery for them because it contradicted the theories that were rumored about. This led them to continue their experiment. On each subject they performed physicals and blood tests.
Judeah Auguste University of Alaska Anchorage The Doctors Plague, Sherwin B. Nuland Kraft The Doctors Plague depicts the story of the lifeline of Ignac Semmelweis, a physician in the First Division at the Allgemeine Krankenhaus hospital in Vienna and his discovery of childbed fever. Nuland opens the medical-scientific novel with a fictional story of a young nameless girl who is inching closer to her birth date. From her friend, she learns there are two obstetric divisions, one run by doctors and the other by midwives, advising the soon to be mom to stay clear of medical students. Already foreshadowing being attended by the medical students results in an uncomfortable situation, Nuland leaves the readers with curiosity and the answer to
This virus is very contagious, that is why a majority of the population is infected by the HSV-1 before getting adults. This infection develops in stages. The first stage is the primary infection stage in which the virus enters inside tha body and starts reproducing and causes blisters. The second stage is the stage od latency in which the virus moves from the skin to the nerve tissues in the spines, also known as dorsal root ganglion. Here, it reproduces again and becomes inactiv, until stimulated again by certain body conditions.
Therefore, most of the infected people are not aware of having that disease in its primary stage. The sores may develop into ulcers that secret uncolored, very infectious fluid. The lesions most of the time are healed without treatment in about six, or it will develop into the secondary
For 40 years, many African Americans in Alabama that were infected with syphilis were left untreated as part of an experiment to determine how “different” syphilis affected blacks. This was an orchestrated even by the United States Public Health Service, and other organizations; whose job is to protect the public. Syphilis is a highly contagious infection spread by sexual contact. If untreated, it can cause bone and dental deformations, deafness, blindness, heart disease and deterioration of the central nervous system. The participants, mostly made of poor, uneducated black men, were lured into the program with false pretenses, not advising of the infections they carried (Heller).
An Outbreak at the Michigan State University is my next medical investigation. I was called to the campus to investigate the outbreak and all of its victims. There are 9 patients they are suspected to be victims of the outbreak. Sue, Jill, Marco, Maria, Maggie, Alvin, Arnie, Anthony, and Wanda. The patients came into the campus infirmary worried about their symptoms. Each patient has agreed to testing except for Arnie. The patients have similar symptoms but the symptoms were presented in a different way. I thus had to investigate, diagnose, treat, and produce a prevention plan on how to attack this outbreak that is affecting the campus environment.
The rash first appears on the wrist and the ankles then spreads in either directions up or down the legs and arms. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain that mimics appendicitis, deep muscle pain, lack of appetite, or red eyes. RMSF is transmitted to humans by a bite of a tick infected with the disease. When an infected tick bites and attaches itself to a human host for at least six to ten hours, transmission of the bacteria may occur. Destroying a tick with your fingers may also transmit the bacteria.