Popular culture is molded off of what 's popular or what 's considered cool by the majority in society at a given time. So if you had the power to instantly make something cool or trendy you could create your own target market in which to sell to. The mass media has this power through advertisements and the beauty market is just one of the many I believe to be greatly impacted by it. When searching for the word beauty on Google the top results feature makeup companies and sites to buy products to try and make you look and feel like the unrealistic conceptualization of beauty you see in the
This form of activity is known as celebrity endorsements, whereby the celebrity is enrolled into a brand and is used as a resource to market the products and services of the brand to the consumers, in a way that will make them desirable to the potential consumers and in return for the brand, an increase in sales and a change in the perception of their viewers regarding their brand, which positively impacts their buying behaviour. But why specifically a celebrity endorser one might ask? Basically, a celebrity is defined as someone who enjoys public recognition and is commonly well-known by the population resulting to them having a large influence on individuals in a society. Therefore, a brand is more interested in using the assistance of a celebrity because the usual aim of a brand is to create a larger support base to increase sales, thereof, this results in the businesses using popular public figures (celebrities) who already have an
Introduction Celebrity endorsement means any individual that who are enjoys public recognition and use this recognition on behalf of the product by presenting it in an advertisement (Mc Cracken, 1989). They using a celebrity in advertising to promote a product or service is prevalent in advertising. In reality, approximately 20% use celebrity endorsement in all commercials advertisement. It is great potential to the brand itself to manage well the brand equity when using celebrity endorsers to promote their product to the market. It is proves that using celebrity endorsers are more focus on their personal attitudes and increase their validity and also their persuasiveness.
Applications: The applications deal with the “Halo effect”. This effect occurs when the public sees celebrities use the products, they are more inclined to buy the product because they want to mimic their role model. A celebrity is a person who is known by his well knownness. McCracken has defined a celebrity endorser as a person who enjoys public recognition and who uses this recognition on behalf of a brand to endorse the brand. Thus associating a public figure with a brand, employs rhetorical teachings to implicate the ethos appeal thereby associating a sense of credibility and trustworthiness with the brand.
Three factors in celebrity-source can manipulate the consumer behavior: physical attractiveness of the celebrity, likability and product involvement by the celebrity. In the factors that celebrity-source includes, physical attractiveness plays the major part in the study of consumer behavior. The consumer is largely positively affected by the attractiveness of the celebrity endorser because this leaves remembrance of the product and the brand in consumer’s conscious as well as subconscious mind. This somewhere also puts its impact on consumer’s intentions of purchase of the product. The whole process of attractiveness of the celebrity endorser is directly linked with the acceptance of the
Reach can be loosely defined as the number of people that have seen and/or heard the brand’s intended message at least once (Belch & Belch, 2012). If a brand or company decides to use celebrity branding to market their product, it is highly probable that they are deciding to attempt to reach the largest assortment of potential consumers possible, rather than reaching a small number of consumers but more frequently – which is described as frequency (Belch & Belch, 2012). Brand image There is a high focus placed upon the importance of choosing a reliable, trustworthy celebrity to endorse or sponsor a company’s product, while still balancing the celebrity’s attractiveness, power, and similarity of the celebrity’s public image with the company’s overall current , or intended brand image. Brand image can be described as “the set of beliefs held about a particular brand” ( Kotler,1988). Research carried out by Keller & Aaker in 1992 suggests that a brand with better positive brand image and attitudes is more likely to achieve heightened development within their
“The influence of Sport brand loyalty on young adult’s consumer purchasing behavior in Hong Kong” Abstract (200-250) =210 There are many factors that affecting a company’s success or failure, customers is the most powerful influence that guiding their business among those factors undoubtedly. Nowadays, a business brand becomes the most valuable elements. Refer to Joseph and Daniel (2012), brands influence consumer decisions to buy in any of ways, or with tremendous persuasive appeal to modify a buying power among customers. A trusted brand is successful because brands give consumers the means whereby they can make choices and judgments bases on their experiences. In this connection above, the purpose of this study was to analyze the influence
People such as celebrities, have a higher influence on people and their decision making on products, which is why many companies hire well-known celebrities to promote their products in the media. In an article written by Marketing Charts called, “How Influential are Celebrities?” they discuss the power of product placement and celebrity endorsements. The statistics for how much a celebrity influences its fans varies throughout the article, depending on what exactly they endorse. The article had some very interesting key points about celebrities also having a negative impact on product endorsement, mentioning that traditional brand promotion without celebrities had more of a positive influence. It was mentioned that celebrities had more of an influence on personal issues they demonstrate through social media such as Twitter and Facebook, issues such as political views or current events.
Objectives The major objectives of this study is • To measure the effectiveness of celebrities used in television commercials and Facebook advertising on consumer buying intention of fashion apparel industry. • If effective, then I will try to compare celebrities endorsement in television commercials and facebook advertising and see which tool is significant in changing the behavior. Significance The importance of my research will not only help managers but also help academic players to explore new areas in research. Managerial This research will help managers to know importance of advertising tools. We will discuss importance of research as follows.
A celebrity endorser is “an individual who enjoys public recognition and who uses this recognition on behalf of a consumer good by appearing with it in an advertisement” (McCracken, 1989). Friedman and Friedman state that “a celebrity endorser is an individual who is known to the public for his or her achievement in areas others than of the product class endorsed” (Friedman & Friedman, 1979). The use of celebrities to promote a product is not a new method. It is logical to try and boost popularity of one’s product by linking it to someone that is already popular and who will undoubtedly receive a lot of attention. At this point one can easily state that anyone alive today, living in the western world, has encountered some form of celebrity