At first, all bourgeoisie was weak and without power, however, working class was at very first stage of development. None of wealthy classes may act as uniting force and deal crisis of social formation by providing the leadership. Especially working classes. All this situation was very thankful for „Kemalist bureaucracy “become obvious. It played a untying and harmonizing role in the formation of ruling class.
During the British rule, there was a stringent economic situation due to taxes and policies set by the rulers. After the colonial struggle, the intermediate classes, namely the middle class, became stronger as the industrial and agricultural classes fell because of the harsh conditions during the rule. Additionally, during the freedom struggle, the leaders who stood associated themselves with the middle class despite being in the upper class. However, this allowed the actual middle class to rise up and take the new found power. Also, after independence, during the Nehruvian era, the main focus was development.
Education brought about the state of mind that was necessary in order to continue imperialism. However a break came within the empire, due to the rise in power of the mass population and the education and educational facilities that became available to the middle and working class. Therefore, the governing class lost control and entered into a period of struggle for political
During the 15th and 18th centuries, due to the lack of experience, and the amount of land being taken over by the Europeans, whether it be the Americas, or Eastern Hemisphere powers, the political administration would be a monarchy, and or an aristocracy. Monarchs, kings, or emperors would be the source of ultimate political authority in their lands. Each of those rulers sought to govern societies divided by religion, region, ethnicity, or class. This also lead to a political movement where the imperial nations focused on centralization and full direct power. Later on in the 19th and 20th centuries, now with more experience, the imperial enterprises focused on more indirect rule, where the laws would be put into places for the subjects, but there would be fewer responsibilities, for example, when the British implement the British East India Company in India, in which they would have the same control of a monarch in the 16th century, but half the responsibilities.
Britain used an imperialistic government in order to take over areas of the world to add political, social and economic wealth to their empire. The advancement of the British Empire was exponential with the coupling of the industrial revolution and imperialism that defined British economic, political and social structure across their expanding empire. The industrial revolution was the machine that would empower while imperialism dictated who would be controlled. Through the characterization of both imperialism and the industrial revolution, in his book “The Time Machine”, H.G. Wells uses symbolism to explore the destructive nature and shortcomings of both processes as they changed the world around him.
Remained the same technologically due to a lack of innovation versus other competing empires advancing. By the 1700’s the Ottoman Empire which was previously a leading militant empire had outdated ideas and lacked modern military weapons. Cultural There was a strong influence from the customs and languages of Islamic societies, Turkish "the official language for the Empire, notably Arabic because of the origins of Islam Persian culture had a significant contribution through the heavily Persianized Seljuq Turks, the Ottomans '
From the seventeenth to the eighteenth century, the British Empire was the biggest power in the world. Some said that the sun never set on the British Empire because of its greatness, and Britain wanted to continue growing. To do this they tried to regulate trade to favor them. This principle of creating a favorable export and import balance is mercantilism. Mercantilism shaped the life of eighteenth century Colonial America by regulating their trade, by economically weakening them and putting them in debt, and by socially creating the tensions that led to the Revolutionary War.
While Legalism shaped the empires that endorsed it in becoming a powerful central state centered on law, and created a sense of fidelity to laws rather than to morals in the society through famous political reforms like Lord Shang 's Reform, and rejected the competing ideology of Rujia, Confucianism influenced the empire with an emphasis on humanism, morality, and societal order, leading the empire to become less centralized and the society to become centered on Confucianism-learning. Contrary to these two ideologies, Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty gained its popularity as a religion for the people to guide them on thoughts over the afterlife as well as guidance on filial
As merchants travelled from city to city in Europe and in the Middle East, they had to change money from one currency to another. Manorialism was a huge aspect of economic in Europe. It is the name for the organization of the economy in the Middle Ages. The economy relied mainly on agriculture. Manorialism describes how land was distributed and who profited from the land.
However, due to the increased production of machines, the tension on the ideas of family and how a family should be implemented was the working classes biggest strain. Finally, the middle classes were not primarily affected by the industrial revolution, but they were affected by the higher class, the aristocrats. The overall issue that all of the classes faced with the industrial revolution and how it affected the beliefs on family and marriage was change. Because of a change in economy, work, and machinery the society of Britain began to change the original ideas of family and marriage to fit the newly formed industrial society, allowing Britain’s industry and hierarchy to put strain and change for the people in the mid-nineteenth