In the latter case, intravenous fluid replacement is required until initial fluid and electrolyte losses are corrected. With proper hydration, shigellosis is generally a self-limiting disease, and the decision to prescribe antibiotics is predicated on the severity of disease, the age of the patient, and the likelihood of further transmission of the infection. Effective antibiotic treatment reduces the average duration of illness from approximately 5-7 days to approximately 3 days and also reduce the period of Shigella excretion after symptoms subside. Shigellosis can usually be treated with antibiotics. The antibiotics commonly used are ampicillin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim or Spectra), nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin and the fluroquinolone.
TREATMENT In general, people with mild cases do not benefit from antifungal medicine. Bed rest and treatment of symptoms such as cough, fever, or chest discomfort may be advised. For chronic pulmonary infections and forms of the disease that have spread to other areas of the body, antifungal medicine is prescribed. The length of drug treatment depends on the patient 's immune status and the site of infection. PROGNOSIS The outlook for mild cases is excellent.
MEVACOR ( also called as LOVASTATIN ) : Mevacor ( Lovastatin ) is a statin drug, used for lowering cholesterol in people who are suffering with hypercholesterolemia to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Lovastatin is a naturally occurring compound found in low concentrations in food such as oyster mushrooms, red yeast rice and Pu-erh. History # : Compactin and Mevacor, natural products with a powerful inhibitory effect on HMG-CoA reductase, were discovered in the 1970s, and taken into clinical development as potential drugs for lowering LDL cholesterol. # : In 1982, some small-scale clinical investigations of lovastatin, a polyketide-derived natural product isolated from “Aspergillus terreus”, in very high-risk patients were undertaken,
Pilobolus, which is also known as the hat-thrower fungus, is a fungus that belongs in the group of Zygomycota. Pilobolus is known for its rapid spore dispersal and an interesting life cycle. It initiates with a black sporangium, which is launched onto a plant substrate Animals that feed on plant substrates such as horses unknowingly, consume the sporangium along with the substrate. The Pilobolus sporangium has to pass through the gastrointestinal track of grazing animals from which comes out without germinating as part of the excrement. Once they leave the host, spores that are found inside the sporangium germinate and grow within the excrement.
This review summarises the most relevant recent studies on vaccine and plant based development and new treatments using natural resources such as plants, probiotics and nutraceuticals. In addition, novel alternatives based on microorganisms, peptides, polysaccharides, and intragastric violet light irradiation are presented. Alternative therapies have not been effective in eradicating the bacteria but have been shown to maintain low bacterial levels. Keywords: Helicobacter pylori; Treatment; Natural products; Probiotics; Nutraceuticals 1. Introduction Gastric cancer was once considered a single entity.
Therefore, acid fat, lactose fermentation, mannitol fermentation were not needed to be performed, because they are selective to a specific thing. As a result, Unknown bacteria “W” was concluded to be gram stain positive, endospore positive, bacilli shape (rod shape), and arranged in chains (strepto-). Test Purpose Reagents Observation Results Gram Stain To determine gram reaction of bacteria. Crystal violet, Grams iodine, Alcohol, and Safranin Purple streptobacilli bacteria was observed. Gram positive rods.
It is resistant to three or more categories of antipseudomonal antibiotic. For example, Fluoroquinolones (FQ) is a drug used to treat P.aerginosa, but now this fluoroquinolones is resistant due to increase usage of fluoroquinoloes. Most of MDR pseudomonas is resistant to fluoroquinolones. It is important to do the susceptibility test for P.aeruginosa to determine the appropriate treatment for the patients. P.aeruginosa can by treated by combination of antibiotics.
For instance, Rifampin, an antibiotic used to treat Tuberculosis, Neisseria meningitidis- also known as Meningitis- or infections in the nose and throat. Another treatment is a vaccine known as Bacillus Calmette- Guerin to prevent T.b. or to heal bladder tumors or bladder cancers. “It wasn’t that all these infectious diseases had simultaneously changed to be less deadly (Humphries/ Bystrianyk 15). It was the environment in which they had existed had shifted from one where they were very often deadly to one where they were they were not a significant threat (Humphries/ Bystrianyk 15).
The bacterial plates also suggested that Ampicillin was ineffective in killing the bacteria, as zones of inhibition were not present, despite using two disks of this drug. These results could possibly be explained by the properties of these antibiotics and the bacteria used in the experiment. Bacterial enzymes, such as beta-lactamase, cannot be broken down by Ampicillin. The bacterial plasmid carrying this enzyme disables the Ampicillin placed in the agar, allowing for more bacterial growth. In this case, it is