Cereal Research Paper

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The term cereal is a derivative from Latin word 'cerealis' which means ‘grain’ which is botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis and is composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran. Cereals are defined as edible seed of the grass family, Gramineae (Bender & Bender 1999). Cereals have a long history of use by humans, which dates back to prehistoric times. Cereals are consumed annually at 166 kg per capita in developing countries and 133 kg in developed countries (FAO 2003). They provide a range of macro- and micronutrients and its consumption has been associated with a decreased risk of developing several chronic diseases like Cardio vascular disease, Cancer, Diabetes mellitus. The major cereals includes wheat, corn, rice, barley, sorghum,…show more content…
They have been a part of the human food system from time immemorial. Millet is a cereal crop plant belonging to the grass family, Graminae. The term ‘Millet’ is frequently used in some countries as a general designation for sorghum, wheat or other native cereals. The term "millet" refers to several types of small seeded annual grasses, which belongs to species under the five genera in the tribe Paniceae, namely Panicum, Setaria, Echinochloa, Pennisetum and Paspalum, and one genus, Eleusine, in the tribe Chlorideae (FAO,…show more content…
2.13.1 setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv (Foxtail millet): Foxtail millet is an annual grass grown for human food. It is a gluten free grain and is the second-most widely planted species of millet, especially in East Asia. It is one of the oldest cultivated millet in the world and in India also it has been grown since olden times. It was first domesticated in China around 6,000 BC. It has an important place in the world agriculture providing approximately six million tons of food to millions of people. Its grain is used for human consumption and as feed for poultry and cage birds.
Foxtail millet is an annual grass with slim, vertical, leafy stems with a height of 120–200 cm. The seed head is a dense, hairy panicle which is 5–30 cm long. The seeds will be small, around 2 mm in diameter which are encased in a thin, papery hull which is easily removed in threshing. The color of the seed varies greatly among the grain varieties. 2.13.2 Eichinochola frumentacea Link ( Barnyard

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