Rice (Oryza sativa L.) crop belongs to family Poaceae or Gramineae and most important staple diet crop throughout the world (sharanapp et al., 2017). Rice crop being most important staple crop providing food for half of the world population. In developing countries, it serves as main source of income and employment for the rural community (soomro et al., 2013). Rice is a basic diet and cash crop in East Asia where vast cultivation is carried out. Major rice growing areas include India, Thailand, China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Japan, Pakistan, Philippine, Korea, Indonesia, Vietnam and USA (Aine et al., 2017).
Rich diversity of flora in general and minor millets in particular is available in Central Himalayas i.e., Uttarakhand state of India. Millet, which is one of the oldest foods known to human and possibly the first cereal grain to be used for domestic purposes is the main cereal food grain grown in the region. Foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv] is an important annual crop of the genus Setaria which belongs to family gramineae. It is a self pollinated crop (Leonard and Martin, 1963), cross pollination averaging about 4 per cent (Li et al., 1935). It produces long, cylindrical or lobed, bristly, condensed panicles.
Plant Breeding in Rice Rice is the one of the most important crop as a food source of more than half of the world's population. It has really large percentage in total cereal grain production. Rice is the most commonly used grain product after the wheat in human nutrition. For most of the countries in the world rice is primary staple food, especially in Asia and India. It contains fiber, vitamins, mineral and little bit protein, for nutrition and even the starch ratio in rice is higher than in wheat.
The price of soymilk is lower now than it was a few years ago, and thanks to improvements in processing, “beany” flavors are a thing of the past. And there are many delicious flavoured soymilks on the market now, including vanilla, carob, cocoa, almond and banana. Most come in aseptic cartons, which have an indefinite shelf life before opening; they last for several weeks in the refrigerator after opening. Soymilk also is available powdered, just mix with water. OKARA The pulp that remains when soymilk is strained from soybeans is called okara.
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Barley Grain Barley (Hordeum vulgare.L.) is cereal wholegrain that gives nutlike taste and chewy consistency after being boiled. Barley is a whole grain food and generally available in pearled, hulled and flaked form. It was one of the first cultivated grains in history and today, barley has remained one of the most widely consumed grains in the entire world (Ware, 2016). Barley originated in Ethiopia and Southeast Asia, where it has been cultivated for more than 10,000 years (The world’s healthiest foods, 2016).
Food Products: Cakes, cookies, pasta, a parboiled rice-like product and snack foods have been successfully produced from sorghum and millets. Unlike composite breads, wheat-free sorghum breads are suitable for coeliacs and might possibly replace wheat breads in developing countries, reducing expensive wheat imports (Schober et al 2005). Millet bread remains the main challenge as they are gluten free. Limited number of studies has addressed the issue of wheat-free loaf breads from sorghum. Additives such as native and pre-gelatinized starches, hydrocolloids, fat, egg and rye pentosans are known to improve the bread quality.
Peanuts are generally low in carbohydrate content which is about 21.6g/100% edible portion. These carbohydrates include sugars, starch, crude fiber and pentosans. Peanuts are a reasonable source of dietary minerals especially potassium, phosphorus and magnesium, however they are poor source of fat soluble vitamins like A, D and K. Peanut oil is an excellent source of mono and poly unsaturated fatty acids exceeding the levels of these fatty acids in soybean and corn oil but significantly lower than in sunflower and safflower oil. The oil content of peanut is between 35% and 54.2% of the seed. According to Canola
Chapter 1: The Rice Industry in the Philippines Product Description and Service Cost The Philippines is a country known for being rich in agricultural businesses. Rice being known as the statement food in the country, is as its peak of demand. Most Filipino dish is never complete if rice would not be present. Every day, all kinds of people both coming from high and low profile purchase such. According to Merriam Webster’s dictionary- “the starchy seeds of an annual southeast Asian cereal grass (Oryza sativa) that are cooked and used for food; also : this cereal grass that is widely cultivated in warm climates for its seeds and by-products”.
Also, this is eaten mostly in Asian countries. Rice is important for the food supply and economy of the country (Wikipedia, 2014a). Here in the Philippines, rice is grown by planting rice seeds on hectares of land by the method of plowing usually during the start of the rainy season. Rice usually matures approximately after three to four months and can be harvested after five months from being planted (Heirloom Organics, 2014). There are different varieties of rice seeds which lead to different rice varieties.
1. Date Palm Introduction Date is considered as oldest mankind's food crop and has been used for 6000 years (Kwaasi, 2003). The date palm is member of family Arecaceae and has three portions; thin crusted flesh, date pit inside flesh and cap. The dates rank third in Pakistan among most important fruits and grown over an area of 93336 hectares, with a total production of 680107 tons annually. In 2008 almost 557.5 thousand tons production of dates was recorded (Al-Hooti et al., 2002).