Cerebral Plsy Case Study

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1.6 PARTS OF THE BRAIN AFFECTED DUE TO CEREBRAL PALSY
Disorders in muscle and posture (or movement disorders) of CP are all associated with which area that affects the brain. The motor cortex in the brain controls and helps in the movement of the body. The motor regions have many sections, each of which has many functions in the body. (a) (b)

Fig: 1
(a) Motor region of parietal lobe of the brain.
(b) Common parts of the brain affected by Cerebral palsy.

1.7 CAUSES OF CEREBRAL PALSY
The main cause of cerebral palsy is damage or late development of parietal lobe of the brain which controls the body movements. A child can be affected with CP during the fetal stage or shortly after birth. Major sections of the children are born with congenital cerebral palsy, in which the symptoms may not be detected until the disease is more effective. Acquired cerebral palsy is the condition where the child gets affected after the birth, injuries to the brain at the early stage of the life, infections like meningitis and encephalopathy, brain ischemia, injuries to head and even child abuse are some of the major causes. In majority of the cases the cause of the disease is not known. Genetic disorders, congenital abnormality in brain, fever or infection during birth are some of the
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This result in inaccuracy of the sound produced, for example the child cannot tell a fricative sound and he or she may substitute a “t” for “s” this is called stopping of fricatives. Some child might have problem in telling certain syllable or some sound, like deleting or omitting final consonants. The phonological defects may affect the children at very early stage and they are also more prone to intellectual disorders. Untreated phonological disorder may affect the child in their communication, educational and occupational development, due to the effect of low intelligibility in
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