In this project, titanium(IV) ethoxide, Ti(CC2H5)4, Cobalt(II) nitrate, Co(NO3)2.6H2O, Iron(III) nitrate-9-hydrates, Fe(NO3)3.9H2O, and strontium nitrate, Sr(NO3)2 are needed to prepare both non-substituted strontium ferrite and substituted strontium ferrite. In this case, non-substituted strontium ferrite acts as a control in this project to compare with the characteristics of cobalt-titanium substituted strontium ferrite. The main objective of this project is to compare the effect of substitution of cobalt-titanium ions to strontium ferrite using the control, the strontium ferrite without any substitution. In order to create a suitable medium for mixing, ethylene glycol is for formation of gel in this projectIn this project, different stoichiometric
DMF was used as a solvent and AIBN (0.5% w/w of total monomer) as free radical initiator .The reaction was carried out at 70±2° C for 6 hour with constant stirring. After completion of the process it was cooled to room temperature and resultant polymer solution was poured in the large amount of methanol with stirring when polymer precipitated out. It was filtered and washed with methanol. The polymer was purified by repeated precipitation using methanol from solution in DMF and then it dried. 2.3 Preparation of PS
To analyze the acetanilide product of the reaction, 1H NMR and IR were used. Results, Discussions, and Conclusions In this experiment, acetanilide was synthesized via nucleophilic acyl substitution from both acetic anhydride and aniline. During this reaction, aniline acts as the nucleophile and acyl (CH3CO-) group from acetic anhydride acts as the electrophile. The hydrogen atom of –NH2 group is replaced by the acyl group. The crude product contained acetanilide, and acetic acid, which was the impurity.
2CO + O2→2CO2 -------------------- (1) The oxidation of CO was carried out under the following reaction conditions: 100mg of catalyst with feed gas consisting of a lean mixture of 2.5 vol.% CO in air and total flow rate is maintained 60 mL/min. The air feed into the reactor was made free from moisture and CO2 by passing through it CaO and KOH pellet drying towers. The catalytic experiment was carried out in steady state conditions and the reaction temperature was increased from room temperature to 200oC with a heating rate of
2. Experimental procedure 2.1. Chemicals and materials Melamine (99%), titanium dioxide with anatase (99.7%), isoniazid (ISN, >99%), isopropanol anhydrous (IPA, 99.5%), 1, 4-benzoquinone (BQ, ≥98%) and ammonium oxalate (AO, ≥99%) were purchased from Sigma Aldrich. The molecular structure and chemical properties of isoniazid are given in Table 1. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH, 99%) and methanol (MeOH, analysis grade) was purchased from Merck Millipore, Germany.
(2006), after slight modifications. The fundamental principle of the DPPH method is the reduction of the DPPH radical in an ethanolic solution by an H-donator antioxidant (AH) to form the non-radical form DPPH-H. In a microtube, 10 µL of each fraction at different concentrations (10 - 1000 µg/mL) were mixed with 990 µL of a DPPH solution (0.1mM) prepared daily. The reaction was allowed to develop for 30 minutes in the dark at room temperature, and then the absorbance was read at 515 nm with a spectrophotometer (Spectronic Helios Alpha UV-Visible, Thermo Electron Corporation, U.S.A). The analysis was done in triplicate for each
Student’s Name Instructor’s Name Course Date Extraction Aim To separate a mixture of Benzoic acid, 4-t-butylphenol and Biphenyl and to determine the percentage recovery of each Theory Bicarbonate ions, when added to a mixture of the three substances, will convert the carboxylic acid (in this case, benzoic) to ions. Hydroxide ions on the other hand convert Phenols to ions. This makes them soluble in the aqueous layer as ions are soluble in water. However, addition of HCl to the aqueous ionic solutions regenerates non-ionic substances which are only soluble in the organic layer. Materials • 2M diethyl ether • Saturated NaCl solution • Saturated aqueous solution of Sodium bicarbonate • Distilled water • Pasteur pipette • Anhydrous Calcium Chloride pellets • 3M aqueous NaOH • Litmus paper • Boiling stick • Source of heat • Water bath
Acetonitrile at a PH of 7 (neutral) is added to each of the test tube samples. Mix the samples on a vertex shaker for 3 minutes and transfer to a 20 ml centrifuge tube and place in a TurboVap under 5-psi nitrogen at room temperature and allow it to completely dry. The dry resides are now put in 1ml of acetonitrile for testing (analysis). 4. Chromatographic Condition 10ml of the extract is now taken to be analyzed using a mass spectrometer and a liquid chromatograph.