Machiavelli understood such position will cause many human tolls both in the governor’s country and on the enemy’s side. But he justified wars, because they helped to achieve the goal to protect and improve the ruler’s position. Author believed that princes are allowed to do negative things as they will lead to their development as
Another way civil liberties protects us is through are eight amendment that makes sure the government does give us cruel and unusual punishment. It protects us from people abused when be punished for our crimes. Civil liberties are reason for us being so free in American. It protects us from the government getting to powerful over our amendments that are in the constitution. Our federalism government must be following our civil liberties, or they can get in trouble for violating them.
On the way round, society has effects on war in the way of reducing violence and stopping war in order to maintain peace. Body Paragraph 1: This points talks about the important ways of war in shaping ideal society and culture. Based on some historians ' sources, it is shown that some of the leaders ' hard efforts were to establish and rule the
Hence you see these victors are the office holders for the Security Council in the present day united nations. A lot of political philosophers agree to the fact that justice is achieved through going to war. Although there is no proper evidence to this according to history (example). Pacifist believe that war is not just unjust but also it is inevitably wrong hence his opponent argues that even though war is unjust it is means towards achieving peace and can help the society escape more injustice. So there is a big difference between considering war as the last resort and believing in war being a just measure to stop
Issue Presented: The use of rational choice theory, as well as labeling theory in regards to decision making and assisting in developing departmental policy. Short Answer: The ability to enforce stricter rules will change the thought process of offender before committing a crime or rule violation, along with making them productive members of society through re-entry will lift the label off of them. Statement of Facts: The use of rational choice theory can be used to help determine what offenders thought process maybe during the commitment of violating facility rules. This is often considered “risk vs reward.” (SNHU, 2018)According to the book Criminological Theories it states “rationality is the decision-making process of determining the
Although society generally agrees that punishment should be imposed to the people who violated the law, the purpose of punishment is still diverse as different approaches have their own believes in the nature, rationale and justification of punishment. Therefore, it is worth to discuss the right of society to impose punishment on the offenders. In order to discuss critically, the perspectives of retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation and restoration towards punishment would be discussed respectively to generate a clearer picture of the right of society. Retribution is the only theory that looking backward as concerns about the offence that offenders committed. Retribution theory is a long existed approach since Biblical times as implied as the concept of ‘lex talionis’, meaning the idea of ‘an eye for an eye’ (Bank, 2011: 109).
The case was first heard in Pennsylvania but once that court ruled the law did not violate the first amendment he appealed and took it to the Supreme Court. In this hearing his main argument was that the law was in direct violation with the constitution which did not tolerate religions benefiting from state laws.The court went over the “three main evils” in order to prevent sponsorship, financial support, and involvement of the sovereign in religious activity. The first of those three tests is that the statute has to have a legislative purpose. Second, the principle must not advance or inhibit religion. Third, the statute cannot foster “ an excessive government entanglement with religion”.
The second type, general deterrence focuses more on potential offenders. General deterrence is an attempt to influence future offenders in a positive manner. This type of deterrence is all about prevention. Police deter crime by reinforcing the fact that they will catch you and you will be punished for whatever crime that you commit. The United States Constitution is single handedly the most important document in United States history.
The laws could merely be outdated and don't appropriately represent our current societal morals and values. Another reason for laws to be changed is to prevent harm, preserve peace and control newly equipped behaviour of individuals. Our societal change in perception is publicised in the way we govern ourselves and expect others to behave. The case laws found in criminal harassment section serve as excellent examples for our society’s reflection on the evolving world law and order. The case laws in this section help to clarify our vague definition of criminal harassment, they set up strict criteria and standards for individuals to be held responsible for their actions, and serve as a means of deterrence for future
Cross-examination by the defense asks the jury to question what was done procedurally during the stop and arrest, to challenge the validity of scientific tests or to doubt the law enforcement officer’s competency or even integrity. The prosecutor’s cross-examination can be an effective tool to repair any damage that occurred in defense cross or direct testimony by bolstering the jury’s faith in the fairness of the prosecutor and officer and their search for truth. Many would argue that the practical purpose of cross-examination is simply to undermine or destroy direct testimony. However, the legal purpose of cross-examination is a good faith quest for ascertaining truth and the prosecutor should use it justly and legitimately. Cross examination of fact witnesses will differ from that of expert witnesses but a prosecutor’s goals remain the same.